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Confederation. Charlottetown Conference, September 1864. N.B, N.S., and P.E.I. get together to discuss a union Canadian politicians ask to sit in, George Brown, John A. Macdonald, George-Etienne Cartier, Alexander Galt, D’Arcy McGee show up

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charlottetown conference september 1864
Charlottetown Conference, September 1864

N.B, N.S., and P.E.I. get together to discuss a union

Canadian politicians ask to sit in, George Brown, John A. Macdonald, George-Etienne Cartier, Alexander Galt, D’Arcy McGee show up

Gave up on maritime union, agreed to meet again to discuss union of all colonies

quebec conference october 1864
Quebec Conference, October 1864

Delegates from all 6 eastern BNA colonies meet in Quebec

Drew up Seventy-two Resolutions, proposals for the union of colonies

Delegates took resolutions back to their colonies to be debated

slide4

Many opponents to Confederation – Joseph Howe of N.S., A. A. Dorion of Canada East

By 1866 Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick had approved union

PEI – railroad wouldn’t benefit them, so few people representatives would be lost in Parliament, no common border with U.S., not worried about defense

slide5

Newfoundland

– strongly connected

to Britain (oldest

colony, telegraph

cable connected,

far from Canada)

london conference winter 1866 67
London Conference, Winter 1866-67

Representatives of colonies went to England to propose confederation

slide7

British Parliament approved, would reduce their responsibilities

Some opponents went as well, unable to persuade Parliament against it

british north america act
British North America Act
  • Introduced into British Parliament spring 1867, created the Dominion of Canada
  • Came into effect July 1, 1867
  • Modified Seventy-two Resolutions became Canadian Constitution
  • Foreign policy, high courts still under British, monarch still head of state