Dan Ru ISYM-540-P 07/09/2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dan Ru ISYM-540-P 07/09/2009

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  1. Topic 2: Information CommunicationInternet Censorship in ChinaFrom July 2009 Ürümqi Riots point of view Dan Ru ISYM-540-P 07/09/2009

  2. July 2009 Ürümqi Riots • Date: July 5th 2009 • Location: Ürümqi – the capital city of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the northwestern China • Death toll: at least 156 & 1,000 injured • Ethnic groups: • Han – Chinese majority • Uyghur – a Turkic ethic group, predominantly Muslim

  3. Communications • Cell-phone Service • China Mobile – suspended • China Unicom – no interruption • Outbound international calls – blocked • Internet Service • Connection – locked down • Government’s website – inaccessible • Unauthorized posting – “harmonized” • Twitter, YouTube, Flickr – blocked

  4. Government • Hundreds of military police Tear gas, water hoses, armored vehicles, road blocks, and curfews • Chinese media • Immediately TV broadcast • Graphic footage • cars being smashed and people being beaten • Foreign media • 100 media organization – invited hrs after riot stopped • Unprecedented access – trouble spots and hospitals • Share 30 internet connections

  5. Chinese Netizens • Despite blocks and censorship • Continues attempts to divulge their thoughts • Some support government • Many ethnically charged – deleted • “Tomb-digging” continuously extending threads on forum at a rate faster than the censor’s deletion

  6. Media Comments • China doesn’t have a great deal to hide • Astonished • the speed Beijing seize news agenda • released videos hours not weeks • learned from Iran, Georgia, Ukraine • Protest in 21st century Internet and mobile communication devices helped protesters organize and reach the outside world

  7. Internet Censorship in China • Wide variety of laws • > 60 internet regulations • Exception: Hong Kong & Macau • Goal: • neutralize critical online opinion • Example: anti-Japanese, anti-pollution, anti-corruption Falun Gong … • Imprisoned journalists & cyber-dissidents

  8. No unit or individual may use the internet to create, replicate, retrieve or transmit the following kind of information: • Inciting to resist or breaking the Constitution or laws or the implementation of administrative regulations; • Inciting to overthrow the government or the socialist system; • Inciting division of the country, harming national unification; • Inciting hatred or discrimination among nationalities or harming the unity of the nationalities; • Making falsehoods or distorting the truth, spreading rumors, destroying the order of society; • Promoting feudal superstitions, sexually suggestive material, gambling, violence, murder; • Terrorism or inciting others to criminal activity; openly insulting other people or distorting the truth to slander people; • Injuring the reputation of state organs; • Other activities against the Constitution, laws or administrative regulations.

  9. Golden Shield Project • “Great Firewall of China” • Cost: $800 million • Started in 1998 • Operation since November 2003 • blocks content by preventing IP addresses from being routed through • selectively engages in DNS poisoning when particular sites are requested

  10. Green Dam Youth Escort • Mandatory software As of July 1st 2009, manufacturers must include Green Dam for all machines to be sold in mainland but delaying for now… • PC makers voluntarily supply Web filter Acer, Lenovo, Asus, BenQ • Purpose: • Shield children from violent and obscene material • Block material the government deemed politically unacceptable