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Dan Ru ISYM-540-P 07/09/2009

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Topic 2: Information Communication Internet Censorship in China From July 2009 Ürümqi Riots point of view. Dan Ru ISYM-540-P 07/09/2009. July 2009 Ürümqi Riots . Date : July 5 th 2009

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Topic 2: Information CommunicationInternet Censorship in ChinaFrom July 2009 Ürümqi Riots point of view

Dan Ru

ISYM-540-P

07/09/2009

july 2009 r mqi riots
July 2009 Ürümqi Riots
  • Date: July 5th 2009
  • Location: Ürümqi – the capital city of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the northwestern China
  • Death toll: at least 156 & 1,000 injured
  • Ethnic groups:
      • Han – Chinese majority
      • Uyghur – a Turkic ethic group, predominantly Muslim
communications
Communications
  • Cell-phone Service
      • China Mobile – suspended
      • China Unicom – no interruption
      • Outbound international calls – blocked
  • Internet Service
      • Connection – locked down
      • Government’s website – inaccessible
      • Unauthorized posting – “harmonized”
      • Twitter, YouTube, Flickr – blocked
government
Government
  • Hundreds of military police

Tear gas, water hoses, armored vehicles, road blocks, and curfews

  • Chinese media
      • Immediately TV broadcast
      • Graphic footage
        • cars being smashed and people being beaten
  • Foreign media
      • 100 media organization – invited hrs after riot stopped
      • Unprecedented access – trouble spots and hospitals
      • Share 30 internet connections
chinese netizens
Chinese Netizens
  • Despite blocks and censorship
  • Continues attempts to divulge their thoughts
      • Some support government
      • Many ethnically charged – deleted
  • “Tomb-digging”

continuously extending threads on forum at a rate faster than the censor’s deletion

media comments
Media Comments
  • China doesn’t have a great deal to hide
  • Astonished
      • the speed Beijing seize news agenda
      • released videos hours not weeks
      • learned from Iran, Georgia, Ukraine
  • Protest in 21st century

Internet and mobile communication devices helped protesters organize and reach the outside world

internet censorship in china
Internet Censorship in China
  • Wide variety of laws
  • > 60 internet regulations
  • Exception: Hong Kong & Macau
  • Goal:
      • neutralize critical online opinion
      • Example: anti-Japanese, anti-pollution, anti-corruption Falun Gong …
  • Imprisoned journalists & cyber-dissidents
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No unit or individual may use the internet to create, replicate, retrieve or transmit the following kind of information:
  • Inciting to resist or breaking the Constitution or laws or the implementation of administrative regulations;
  • Inciting to overthrow the government or the socialist system;
  • Inciting division of the country, harming national unification;
  • Inciting hatred or discrimination among nationalities or harming the unity of the nationalities;
  • Making falsehoods or distorting the truth, spreading rumors, destroying the order of society;
  • Promoting feudal superstitions, sexually suggestive material, gambling, violence, murder;
  • Terrorism or inciting others to criminal activity; openly insulting other people or distorting the truth to slander people;
  • Injuring the reputation of state organs;
  • Other activities against the Constitution, laws or administrative regulations.
golden shield project
Golden Shield Project
  • “Great Firewall of China”
  • Cost: $800 million
  • Started in 1998
  • Operation since November 2003
      • blocks content by preventing IP addresses from being routed through
      • selectively engages in DNS poisoning when particular sites are requested
green dam youth escort
Green Dam Youth Escort
  • Mandatory software

As of July 1st 2009, manufacturers must include Green Dam for all machines to be sold in mainland

but delaying for now…

  • PC makers voluntarily supply Web filter

Acer, Lenovo, Asus, BenQ

  • Purpose:
      • Shield children from violent and obscene material
      • Block material the government deemed politically unacceptable
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