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Buildings of the Forum in Pompeii and Herculaneum Herculaneum Pompeii Forum
Pompeii Religious Buildings Political Buildings Economic Buildings
Herculaneum • The Forum of Herculaneum hasn’t been excavated yet as there is a modern day town built over half of Herculaneum • It can be expected that their was a market and certain Religious buildings and political Buildings. Forum Baths, Herculaneum Overview of Herculaneum
Religious Buildings of Pompeii Temple of Apollo Temple of Jupiter Temple of The Public Lares
Political Buildings of Pompeii Law court – Basilica Voting Hall – Comitum
Economic Buildings of Pompeii Food Market Building of Eumachia
Temple of Apollo • The temple is dedicated to the Greek/Roman God Apollo • The temple of Apollo is situated on the west side of the forum. • Out the Front of the temple was a marble alter that Roman Magistrates would burn sacrifices on which links religion and politics. • The cult of Apollo was very popular in Campania Which is indicated by the size of the temple and the property in which it is built upon. Statue outside the Temple of Apollo
Temple of Jupiter • Also known as the Temple of Capitoline Triad. • Built in the Mid century BC, located at the head of the forum. Measuring 10 feet in height, 121 feet in length, and 56 feet in width. • This was the period which roman Gods superseded Greek Gods and as such the Temple of Jupiter overtook the temple of Apollo as demonstrated by its position at the head of the Forum. Temple of Jupiter, Pompeii
Temple of the Public Lares • Built on the East side of the forum. • Built after the Earthquakes of 62A.D and was dedicated to Pompeii’s tutelary God’s. • The temple had no roof and an alter in the centre which small amounts of sacrificial remains have been found on the alter and in the rear wall was a small niche which most likely would have housed the towns three Gods. TEMPLE OF THE PUBLIC LARES - POMPEII
Building of Eumachia • The Building of the Eumachia is located at east side of the Forum. It was the seat of the Corporation of the Fullones. This consisted of the cloth-makers, launderers, and dyers. The beautiful statue of Eumachia was located here. It is now located in the Archeological museum of Naples. Building of Eumachia, Pompeii
Law Court - Basilica • Located at the southwest end of the of the forum. • The basilica of Pompeii is dated at the end of the second century B.C. • The Basilica was first a market but after the earthquake of 62A.D it was made into the judicial court and as such is the most important political building in Pompeii. The Front of the Basilica, Pompeii
Voting Hall - Comitum • Located on the southeast end of the forum. • The Comitum That was recovered had 5 entrances in the northern and eastern walls to ensure that voters could ensure that the voters could enter from the forum and go straight into the Dell,abondanza. • The voting for the electoral positions was held in the Comitum. Comitum, Pompeii
Food Market • The food market was a building in the north east corner of the Pompeii that wood have sold produce such as olives, wine and mostly lamb as the lands of Campania were more suited to grazing sheep than cattle.