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4%. Schizophrenia spectrum psychoses. 8%. Schizophrenia. Schizoaffective. Affective non-schizophrenic psychoses. 44%. Bipolar I with. 45%. psychosis. Psychotic. 32%. depression. 56%. Other psychosis. 136 subjects admitted to JAP. 10%. 114 met inclusion criteria. References.

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Schizophrenia spectrum psychoses




Affective non-schizophrenic psychoses


Bipolar I with







Other psychosis

136 subjects admitted to JAP


114 met inclusion criteria


[1] Marshall M, Bond GR, Huxley P. Vocational rehabilitation for people with severe mental illness. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, issue 3.

[2] Marwaha S. et Johnson S. Schizophrenia and employment – a review.Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2004 May;39(5):337-49. Review

[3] Bond GR. Supported employement: Evidence for an evidence-based practice. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. 2004 Spring; Volume 27, Number 4


All patients and workers at the Clinique JAP who made this research project possible

  • Going back to work or to study after a first-episode psychosis :
  • the impact of an early intervention program over 5 years
  • Amal Abdel-Baki (1,2), Geneviève Létourneau (1,2), Albert Ng (1,2), Caroline Morin (1)
  • Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada ; (2) Psychiatry Department, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada.
  • Correspondence:



Diagnosis for first-episode psychosis (n=97)

Diagnostic group (n=97)

Psychosis usually emerges between 15 and 35 years of age, a period during which vocational choices are made, and often compromises the patients educational and professional projects.

With regular treatments offered in psychiatry, unemployment rates for people suffering from “severe mental illness” are 75-85 %[1]. Marwaha’s review showed that employment rates for people suffering from schizophrenia ranged between: 4-27 %[2] and even if a significant number number would like to have a job, few are offered specific services[2].

The Clinique JAP (Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal) is an early intervention program for psychosis where occupational rehabilitation is not only one of the major therapeutic goals but is also used as a ‘treatment modality’. ‘Vocational case management’ (VCM) as well as therapeutic groups aim toward going back to a productive activity. The interdisciplinary team offers an integrated treatment for psychosis and vocational functioning. On top of regular intensive case management services VCM offers help to get and maintain a job including outreach in that purpose and the ‘active’ elements of supported employment which are: aiming for competitive jobs, continuous and individualized support, integration of vocational and treatment teams and fast job research based on patients preferences[3].


  • All subjects admitted to Clinique JAP
  • (10/2002 – 07/2006)
  • •Aged 18- 30 years old at admission
  • •Main diagnosis of affective or
  • non-affective psychosis (DSM-IV criteria)
  • •Untreated or treated for psychosis ≤ 1 year

File Review

Follow-up : min: 12 months and max: 60 months

Factors associated to return to occupation

  • Having an occupation throughout the year
  • preceding admission, and at admission is significantly associated with return to a productive occupation during the 2 first years of
  • follow-up but not to later occupational outcome.
  • Affective psychosis vs Schizophrenia spectrum psychosis are associated with higher rates of occupation in later follow-up only (≥ 24 months)

97 subjects were considered for the analyses

(17 subjects were excluded since followed for less than one year, median 2.2 months)

Discussion and Conclusion

  • Early detection and treatment  High occupational rates at admission
  • 75.3 % of the subjects gained or maintained their occupational status throughout

the study

  • Most subjects held competitive employment / attend regular schools
  • Having had an occupation prior to the admission is associated with early return
  • Diagnosis influences later but not early evolution of occupational status
  • Occupation rates for our subjects were similar to those of the general population, although our subjects had clearly lower educational levels
  • Specific interdisciplinary focus on obtaining/maintaining professional or

academic activities seem to improve occupational levels for patients suffering from first-episode psychosis

Mean Age: 23.5 yo Sex 78.3% male