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Health is Wealth for the 21 st Century. Personal Health and Wellness. Melanie Purkey , Executive Director Office of Healthy Schools Division of Student Support Services West Virginia Department of Education mpurkey@access.k12.wv.us http://wvde.state.wv.us/osshp/main/. WHAT?.

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personal health and wellness
Personal Health and Wellness

Melanie Purkey, Executive Director

Office of Healthy Schools

Division of Student Support Services

West Virginia Department of Education

mpurkey@access.k12.wv.us

http://wvde.state.wv.us/osshp/main/

health literacy
Health Literacy

Health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic information and services needed to make appropriate decisions regarding their health.

health literacy skills
Health Literacy Skills

Health literacy requires proficiency in:

Reading

Writing

Listening

Speaking

Arithmetic

Conceptual Knowledge

slide6

Nearly half of all American adults--90 million people--have difficulty understanding and using health information… Limited health literacy may lead to billions of dollars in avoidable health care costs.

Institute of Medicine

Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion.

quality of life
Quality of Life
  • 7 of 10 WV’s will die of heart disease, cancer or stroke
  • 1 of 3 kindergarteners will develop Type II diabetes in their lifetime
  • 28% of WV 5th graders screened by CARDIAC had 1 or more cardiovascular risk factors
slide9

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%

Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS,1990, 1995, 2005

(*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” person)

1995

1990

2005

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1985

No Data <10% 10%–14%

Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1985

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1986
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1986

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1987

No Data <10% 10%–14%

Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1987

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1988

No Data <10% 10%–14%

Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1988

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1989

No Data <10% 10%–14%

Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1989

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1990
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1990

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1991
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1991

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1992
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1992

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1993
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1993

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1994
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1994

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1995
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1995

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1996
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1996

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1997
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1997

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1998
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1998

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 1999
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 1999

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 2000
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2000

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 2001
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2001

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%

slide27

Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2002

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 2003
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2003

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 2004
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2004

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%

obesity trends among u s adults brfss 2005
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS, 2005

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%

economic growth
Economic Growth
  • Starbucks Coffee spends more annually on employee health care than coffee beans
  • American automakers spend more annually on employee health care than on steel
  • PEIA premium increases exceed salary increases
slide32

“Companies in the US compete against rivals indeveloped countries where the government funds health care, and against developing countries where neither business nor society at large is responsible for health insurance. Either way, American companies that provide health insurance are at a competitive disadvantage.”Daniel Gross, New York Times

slide33

“We can’t be the kind of society we aspire to be when we have 50 million people uninsured…It’s a blemish on what it means to be an American.”Howard Schultz, Chairman of Starbucks

slide36

Why 21st Century Skills?

  • What skills and content areas will be growing in importance in the next five years?
slide38

21st Century Skills Framework

21st Century Content

  • Global Awareness
  • Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurship Literacy
  • Civic Literacy
  • Health & Wellness Awareness
coordinated school health
Coordinated School Health
  • Instruction
  • Environment
  • Services
maslow s hierarchy of needs

Self-actualisation

personal growth and fulfilment

Esteem needs

achievement, status, responsibility, reputation

Belongingness and Love needs

family, affection, relationships, work group, etc

Safety needs

protection, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc

Biological and Physiological needs

basic life needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
academic achievement
Academic Achievement
  • Link between nutrition (specifically breakfast) and learning
  • Link between physical activity and learning
  • Link between school connectedness and learning
potential school initiatives
Potential School Initiatives
  • Become “wellness” role models in conducting school events
  • Integrate “wellness” concepts throughout the school related to instruction and environment
  • Seek opportunities to enhance and broker services that meet the basic needs of students
application of 21 st century tools
Application of 21st Century Tools
  • Web-based curriculum tools
  • Interactive technologies (DDR)
  • Electronic health care plans
  • Electronic meal analysis
  • GPS used for school safety purposes
  • WVEIS discipline data system
wvde initiatives
WVDE Initiatives
  • School Wellness Councils
  • Kids First Screening Project
  • School Meals Initiative
  • Health & PE Leadership Academies
  • Health & PE Assessments
  • School Climate Improvement
  • School Nurses and Health Centers
slide46

How can you as a principal lead the effort to develop health literate students?

Each table report out one big idea.