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Capitalization. Copy all notes in journals and complete assignments. Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts. RULE #1. Capitalize the first word of a sentence. P ioneers pushed the American frontier westward. RULE #2. Tyrone said, “ T he pioneers acted very bravely.”.

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Capitalization

Copy all notes in journals and complete assignments.

rule 1

Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts

RULE #1

Capitalize the first word of a sentence

Pioneers pushed the American frontier westward.

rule 2

RULE #2

Tyrone said, “The pioneers acted very bravely.”

Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation that is a complete sentence.

rule 3

RULE #3

When a quoted sentence is interrupted by explanatory words, such as she said, do not begin the second part of the sentence with a capital letter.

“They left their homes,” said Lee, “so they could improve their lives.”

rule 3 continued

RULE #3 continued

“Many pioneers went west for the rich farmland,” said Maria. “They also wanted to build new homes.”

When the second part of a quotation is a new sentence, put a period after the interrupting expression, and begin the second part of the quotation with a capital letter.

rule 4

RULE #4

Do not capitalize an indirect quotation. An indirect quotation does not repeat a person’s exact words and does not appear in quotation marks. It is often introduced by the word that.

Tanya read thatmany pioneers traveled in Conestoga wagons.

rule 5

RULE #5

Dear Mrs. Johnson,

Dear friend,

Yours truly, Sincerely,

Capitalize the first word in the salutation and closing of a letter. Capitalize the title and name of the person addressed.

assignment 1

Assignment #1

Refer to your Cornell notes and follow the directions.

In your ILAN on the right side write capitalization review. Write refer to Cornell Notes # .

On the left side create something to represent each of the 5 rules covered so far.

capitalizing people s names and titles rule 1

Capitalizing people’s names and titlesRule #1

Capitalize the names of people and the initials that stand for their names.

Meriwether Lewis

Susan B. Anthony

J. F. Cooper

rule 21

Rule #2

General Lee Sen. John Glenn

Mrs. Adams

Did Lieutenant Clark say, “Yes, Captain, I’ll go with you’?

Capitalize a title or an abbreviation of a title when it comes before a person’s name or when it is used instead of a name.

rule 2 continued

Rule #2 continued

Clark himself was later promoted to captain.

Thomas Jefferson, then president, planned the expedition.

Do not capitalize a title that follows a person’s name or is used as a common noun.

rule 31

Rule #3

M. Katayama, M.D.

Jan Rangel, Ph.D.

Robert Ayers Jr.

Capitalize the names and abbreviations of academic degrees that follow a person’s name. Capitalize Jr. and Sr.

rule 41

Rule #4

In 1960 Father retraced the steps of Lewis and Clark.

He was accompanied by Uncle Bill

Capitalize words that show family relationships when used as titles or as substitutes for a person’s name.

rule 4 continued

Rule #4 continued

Do not capitalize words that show family relationships when they follow a possessive noun or pronoun.

Sharon’saunt Janet wrote an article about the trip.

Possessive Noun

rule 51

Rule #5

Social studies is the subjectIlike.

Always capitalize the pronoun I.

assignment 2
Assignment #2

.

Refer to your Cornell notes and follow the directions.

In your ILAN on the right side write capitalization review. Write refer to Cornell Notes # .

On the left side create something to represent each of the 5 rules covered so far.

capitalizing place names rule 1
Capitalizing place namesrule #1

Capitalize the names of cities, counties, states countries, and continents.

Houston Orange County

Iowa Japan

capitalizing place names rule 2
Capitalizing place namesrule #2

Capitalize the names of bodies of water and geographical features.

Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Mexico

Niagara Falls Atlantic Ocean

capitalizing place names rule 3
Capitalizing place namesrule #3

Capitalize the names of sections of the country.

Midwest New England

the Far West

capitalizing place names rule 4
Capitalizing place namesrule #4

Capitalize compass points when they refer to a specific section of the country.

the West Coast the North

the Southeast

capitalizing place names rule 4 continued
Capitalizing place namesrule #4 continued

Do not capitalize compass points when they indicate direction.

Los Angeles is south of San Francisco.

Do not capitalize adjectives derived from words indicating direction.

easterly wind western Texas

capitalizing place names rule 5 continued
Capitalizing place namesrule #5 continued

Capitalize the names of streets and highways.

Monroe Street Route 66

Mercury Boulevard

Candy Avenue

capitalizing place names rule 6 continued
Capitalizing place namesrule #6 continued

Capitalize the names of buildings, bridges, and monuments.

Chrysler Building Brooklyn Bridge

Washington Monument

capitalizing place names rule 7 continued
Capitalizing place namesrule #7 continued

Capitalize the names of celestial bodies.

Pluto North Star

the Milky Way

assignment 4
ASSIGNMENT #4

Refer to your Cornell notes and follow the directions.

In your ILAN on the right side write capitalization review. Write refer to Cornell Notes # .

On the left side create something to represent each of the 7 rules covered so far.

.

capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectives rule 1
Capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectivesRule #1

Capitalize the names of clubs, organizations, businesses, institutions, and political parties.

Data Corporation

Boy Scouts

Republican party

rule 22
Rule #2

Capitalize brand names but not the nouns following them.

Cruncho peanut butter

Spiffycleaning fluid

rule 32
Rule #3

Capitalize the names of important historical events, periods of time, and documents

Battle of Yorktown

Bronze Age

Bill of Rights

rule 42
Rule #4

Capitalize names of days of the week, months of the year, and holidays. Do not capitalize names of the seasons.

Thursday

April

Memorial Day

summer

rule 52
Rule #5

Capitalize the first word, the last word, and all important words in the title of a book, play, short story, poem, essay, article, film television series, song, magazine, newspaper, and chapter of a book.

AWrinkle in Time

“The Raven”

Washington Post

rule 6
Rule #6

Capitalize the names of ethnic groups, nationalities, and languages.

Asian

German

Spanish

English

rule 7
Rule #7

Capitalize proper adjectives that are formed from the names of ethnic groups and nationalities.

Asian languages

Italian food

English authors

assignment 6
Assignment #6

Refer to your Cornell notes and follow the directions.

In your ILAN on the right side write capitalization review. Write refer to Cornell Notes # .

On the left side create something to represent each of the 7 rules covered so far.