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DISTANCING EXPRESSIONS. Unit 2 New English Advanced.

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Distancing expressions

DISTANCING EXPRESSIONS

Unit 2

New English Advanced


Distancing expressions

Distancingexpressions are oftenused, particularly in journalismwhere a speaker or writerwants to stress that the information is second-hand and comesfrom a specific source, ratherthanbeingtheirownknowledge or opinion.


Seem appear
seem/appear

Itseemsthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly.

Itappearsthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly.

Differencebetweenseem and appear.

appearisslightly more formal thanseem

Itwouldseemthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly.

Itwouldappearthatthelesschildrensleep, the more likelythey are tobehavebadly.

Thisexpressionis more formal thanItseems/appears


Impersonality the passive
Impersonality: thepassive

Usingthepassiveis a way of avoidingthenaming of a specificpersonwhoisresponsibleforanaction.

PATTERNS:

1.It+passive v.(agree,announce,believe,expect,hope,

report,say,suggest,think and understand)+that+clause

Itissaidthateatinggarlicstopsyoucatchingcolds.

2.subject+passive verb(believe,expect,report,say,think

and understand)+to+infinitive

Salaries are expectedtogodown in a fewmonths.

3.There+passive verb+to+infinitive

There are saidtobe more than 200 studentswaitingtojoinourschool.


Apparently according to may might
apparently, according to, may/might

apparently( verycommon in informal conversation).

Apparently,therewas a robbery last night.

Is shepregnant? Apparently

According to( to specifywhere information comesfrom)

According to the Prime Minister, there´llbe a reduction of unemployement in the nexttwoyears.

May/might ( possiblility)

The peaceconferencemayfind a solution to the problem.