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Mental Health and the Law Abnormal Psychology
Legalities • Competency to stand trial • Sane at the time the crimes were committed • Insanity Defense • A legal term • One of the most controversial applications of the law
Legalities • Insanity Defense Rules • M’Naghten Rule • Did the person know right from wrong? • Irresistible Impulse Rule • “acts of passion” • Rarely used • Durham Rule • “product of mental disease”
Legalities • Insanity Defense Rules, cont. • ALI (American Law Institute) Rule • Requires more than just a mental disorder • APA Definition • Insanity Defense Reform Act 1984 • Have to be proven insane at time of crime committed • Guilty but Mentally Ill
Involuntary Commitment • Also known as civil commitment • Criteria • Grave disability • Dangerous to self • Dangerous to others
Clinician’s Duties • Competent and appropriate treatment • Not to become too involved • To protect patient confidentiality • To protect others who might be in danger from their clients • Report suspect abuse • To provide ethical service
Various Legal Issues • Child Custody Disputes • Decisions must be made in the best interest of the child • Child Maltreatment Cases • Recovered Memory Cases