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LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND YOUTH EMPLOYMENT WORKSHOP. CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPOWERMENT- Presentation by David Gengan: MSUNDUZI MUNICIPALITY. THE ROLES OF MUNICIPALITIES . National Youth Economic Empowerment Strategy

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local economic development and youth employment workshop

LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND YOUTH EMPLOYMENT WORKSHOP

CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPOWERMENT-Presentation by David Gengan: MSUNDUZI MUNICIPALITY

the roles of municipalities
THE ROLES OF MUNICIPALITIES
  • National Youth Economic Empowerment Strategy
    • To promote and support youth economic empowerment in the municipalities;
    • To develop youth economic empowerment policies, strategies and programmes aligned with the NYEES;
    • To mainstream youth in all their core LED and IDP programmes;
    • To establish youth directorates/desks in the districts and local municipalities to coordinate and facilitate youth economic development activities;
capacity of local government to support youth employment
CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
  • Key Performance Areas of Local Government
    • Municipal transformation and institutional development
    • Financial viability and management
    • Infrastructure development and service delivery
    • Social and economic development
    • Good governance and community participation
  • This is an onerous responsibility placed on municipalities
  • Social and economic development is a new mandate
    • Struggle to fulfill this mandate, especially by the smaller municipalities
capacity of local government to support youth employment1
CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
  • Local government is the face of government to the people
  • We are the point of delivery
  • Yet, local government, in the main, does not have the capacity to raise the financial and human resources to deliver on its mandate
  • Limited funding sources: property rates, profits from service charges, grants
  • 87% of municipalities in the country are in serious financial trouble
capacity of local government to support youth employment2
CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
  • Proposed interventions:
    • Improving basic education
    • Assistance with job searching
    • Access to start up funds for small enterprises
    • Wage subsidies
    • Employer subsidies
    • Learnerships, apprenticeships and internships
    • Improved government policies and programmes
    • Targetted skills development programmes
    • Career guidance and counselling
    • Labour market interventions
    • Private sector commitment
capacity of local government to support youth employment3
CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
  • Notwithstanding the capacity challenges faced by municipalities, there are some innovative support programmes that are being implemented in some municipalities – from case studies presented
  • A potential major area of support is in the procurement of goods and services
    • All municipalities procure goods and services
    • Preferential procurement policies must reflect support for youth owned businesses
    • Specific targets should be set annually, and monitored
capacity of local government to support youth employment4
CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
  • Community based maintenance and service delivery projects – unskilled unemployed youth, ward based
    • Most municipalities are struggling to provide a basic level of service – refuse removal, grass cutting, road maintenance, street cleaning
  • Environmental management – public open spaces, alien vegetation
  • Increasing the number of internships, apprenticeships and learnerships
capacity of local government to support youth employment5
CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SUPPORT YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
  • Targetted skills training – external, in partnership with tertiary institutions
  • Creating a conducive environment for small business development – incentives programme
  • Well resourced Youth Advisory Centres
    • Job search information access
    • Identification of potential entrepreneurs
msunduzi interventions
MSUNDUZI INTERVENTIONS
  • Municipality has signed an MOU with the NYDA
  • Local Youth Advisory Centre was re-launched in March 2012
  • Staffing:
    • 3 staff members:
      • Officer for Economic Development
      • Officer for Career Guidance
      • Officer for Outreach Programmes
  • The NYDA provided training for the staff
msunduzi interventions1
MSUNDUZI INTERVENTIONS
  • The Advisory Centre follows the programme of the NYDA
  • In the main services of business support and career guidance are provided
  • July 2012 – 91 youth contacted the centre
    • Computer training – 23
    • Business support – 36
    • Job Information – 16
  • Community based service projects
  • Skills training – ICT
  • Mainstreaming – capital projects
constraints
CONSTRAINTS
  • Lack of youth development policy and strategy
  • Funding and human resources
  • Limited capacity to absorb learnerships, internships
  • Limited direct employment capacity
  • No control over the external drivers of job creation
conclusion
CONCLUSION
  • I want to comment on a more long term intervention – overhaul of our education and training system which is crucial to the calibre of school leavers that we are producing
    • Teacher training and retraining
    • Curriculum changes
      • More relevant learning areas
      • Vocational training
      • Re-introduction of technical subjects
    • Better skills – ethos of enterprise
    • Discipline