ECE 5233 Satellite Communications - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

ece 5233 satellite communications n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ECE 5233 Satellite Communications PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ECE 5233 Satellite Communications

play fullscreen
1 / 11
ECE 5233 Satellite Communications
162 Views
Download Presentation
elkan
Download Presentation

ECE 5233 Satellite Communications

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Prepared by: Dr. Ivica Kostanic Lecture 19: Multiple Access Schemes (3) (Section 6.3 and 6.4 ) ECE 5233 Satellite Communications Spring 2011

  2. Outline • TDMA link capacity calculation • TDMA efficiency • Synchronization in TDMA networks • Transmit power in TDMA networks • Examples Important note: Slides present summary of the results. Detailed derivations are given in notes.

  3. Capacity and efficiency of TDMA • Multiple earth station sharing transponder TDMA efficiency Time allocated for data transmission Note 1: guard and preamble times are usually the same for all earth stations Note 2: Rate of transponder depends on the bandwidth and modulation/coding scheme Total available rate for user traffic Rate for the ith user

  4. Example • Consider a satellite with following parameters • Frame duration: 2ms • Preamble duration (reference station): 4.77 us • Preamble duration (other earth stations): 4.63 us • Guard time: 1.06 us • Two reference burst per frame and satellite rate of 120Mbps • Determine • Total user data rate (A: 115.82 Mbps) • Total user data rate if the satellite is shared by 10 equal earth stations (A: 11.58Mbps) • TDMA efficiency (96.52%) Note: in satellite networks TDMA efficiency is above 90%

  5. TDMA synchronization Preamble example • Synchronization stages • Carrier recovery – required for coherent demodulation • Bit synchronization – required for matched filter operation • Burst synchronization – required for decoding of individual earth stations • Frame synchronization – required for proper operation of TDMA • Synchronization data is embedded in the burst preamble • CBTR (Carrier and Bit recovery) and • UW (Unique Word) Block diagram of QPSK RX Note: CBTR usually has two parts: un-modulated part – carrier recovery, modulated part for bit sync

  6. Unique word decoding • Unique word – modulated sequence of noise like autocorrelation properties • Two approaches • Station identified – different unique word • Station identified – unique word + signaling • Unique word determines the beginning of the frame at the receive side • It is important that unique word has • High probability of detection • Low probability of false alarm • If unique word is not detected – earth station misses the entire frame Detection of UW sequence

  7. Synchronization between earth stations • All earth station burst need to arrive in proper times • For earth station n the burst needs to arrive at the offset dn with respect to reference burst • The path traveled by each signal is different • Define • SOTFn (Start of Transmit Frame) – time when the earth station needs to transmit so that its burst is arriving at the time of reference burst • SORFn (Start of receive Frame) – time when the earth station receives reference burst Example of burst time plan (SOTF = start of TX frame) Relationship between SOTF and SORF Note: earth station needs to estimate Dn

  8. Determination of SORF-SOTF – closed loop • Step 1. Earth station sends a shortened burst at the best estimate of SOTFn • Step 2. The shortened burst is echoed by the satellite • Step 3. Earth station observes the error between desired and actual arrival of the burst • Step 4. SOTF is adjusted for the error Note: shortened burst needs to contain only preamble Time diagram for closed loop SOTF estimation

  9. Determination of SORF-SOTF – closed loop • Three stations determine round trip time to the satellite (one is reference and two are auxiliary) • Based on three round trip times satellite is located • Times Dn are calculated and distributed to earth station using signaling Note: open loop is used frequently in systems that have assignment on demand Time diagram for open loop SOTF estimation

  10. Transmit power in TDMA networks • Earth station access entire transponder bandwidth • Noise bandwidth is large • To maintain S/N ratio large signal power is required • Suitable for systems with large data throughput • Not suitable for small earth stations – high power difficult to achieve Note: ES2 uses the same power even though the amount of data is much smaller

  11. Examples • Example 6.3.2 • Example 6.3.3