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CLOSED. OPEN. CLASSIFICATION OF SKILLS. PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS. WHY DO WE CLASSIFY MOVEMENT SKILLS?. CONTINUUM. DEFINITION . A Continuum is an imaginary line between two extremes A Continuum is a scale

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Classification of skills

CLOSED

OPEN

CLASSIFICATION OF SKILLS

PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS



Continuum
CONTINUUM

DEFINITION

A Continuum is an imaginary line between two extremes

A Continuum is a scale

A Continuum can be used to see that skills have characteristics to a greater or lesser degree

A Continuum allows you to place skills between two given extremities according to how far they match the analysis criteria being applied


Classification systems 1
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS 1

GROSS FINE

Large muscle movements Small muscle movements

Major bodily skills associated with: Small bodily skills associated with:

Strength Speed

Endurance Accuracy

Power Efficiency


Classification systems 2
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS 2

OPEN CLOSED

Affected by the environment (unstable) Not affected by the environment

Externally paced (performer not in control) Self paced (performer has control)

Predominantly perceptual (adaptations) Predominantly habitual

Movement patterns must be adapted to Has a pre learned pattern of

Suit the demands of the situation movement

Has no definite beginning or ending Has a definite beginning and end


Classification systems 3
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS 3

Serial

Discrete

Continuous

Clear beginning and end A number of discrete skills No clear start/end

put together to make a series

Usually a single skill Repetition of the

The order of discrete elements same skill

is important

The end of one movement is the

beginning of the next


Classification systems 4
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS 4

Self Paced

Externally Paced

Performer is in control over rate of action Performer is not in control

Performer decides when to initiate the action Controlled by the actions of others

Not governed by the actions of others More open skills

More closed skills



Questions
Questions

1. What is a continuum and why is it used?

2. Define what is meant by a Gross skill and a Fine skill. Give examples to support your answer

3. Define what is meant by an open skill and a close skill. Give practical examples to support your answer

4. Define what is meant by a discrete, serial and continuous skill. Give practical examples to support your answer

5. Define what is meant by a self paced and externally paced skill. Give practical examples to support your answer

6. What are the characteristics of a skillful performance?