to do 9 15 14 n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
TO-DO: 9/15/14

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 51

TO-DO: 9/15/14 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

TO-DO: 9/15/14. WARM-UP: Write a good thesis sentence using the following topic. How did Hinduism have a direct affect on Indian society in the classic period? NOTES: CHINA YOU HAVE A QUIZ TOMORROW!

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'TO-DO: 9/15/14' - elisha

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
to do 9 15 14
TO-DO: 9/15/14
  • WARM-UP: Write a good thesis sentence using the following topic. How did Hinduism have a direct affect on Indian society in the classic period?
  • HOME WORK: STUDY INDIA & CHINA (Make sure you are completing the reading guides as you go along)
thesis sentence

Your thesis is the road map for writing your paper. Make sure you write about what your

thesis says! Make sure you have a good thesis to write on!

  • STEP 1
    • What is your topic?
    • Create a question about your topic.
  • STEP 2
    • Find reasons (try to find 3)
    • Find 3 things that support your topic
  • STEP 3
    • Combine steps 1 & 2
    • Put it all together
china during the zhou dynasty
China during the Zhou Dynasty
  • Mandate of Heaven
  • Notion that China should be ruled by one dynasty
  • „Warring States“ (403-221 BCE), perceived as time of chaos, disorder
  • Traditional Chinese religion includes belief in heaven as a supernatural force, worship of ancestors, belief in demons and spirits, gods, yin and yang that balance each other
  • Philosophy to rule a state
  • Humans seen as stupid and shortsighted
  • Need to be ruled through incentives or punishment
  • Only social classes of value are peasants and soldiers
  • Official doctrine of Qin dynasty under emperor Shihuangdi (221-206 BCE)
  • ** Merchants in china were below pesants and were scorned by chinese eletes
  • Born to an aristocratic family in northern China (551-479)
  • Tried to solve China´s problems by creating a new philosophy about state and society
  • Could never find a position, but had many followers
  • Students collected his teachings - „Analects“
main beliefs
Main Beliefs
  • Moral example of superiors should restore order
  • Five (mostly unequal) relationships: father-son, older brother-younger brother, husband-wife, ruler-subject, friend-friend
  • Goal: Harmony in society
  • Superior needs to be sincere, benevolent, show genuine concern for other, inferior responds with respect and obedience
  • Ren (kindness, benevolence), Li (propriety, respect), Xiao (filial piety)
impact on society and culture
Impact on Society and Culture
  • People have capacity for improvement
  • Education is key to moral betterment (liberal arts – language, literature, history, philosophy, ethics)
  • Stress on rituals and ceremonies (provide stability)
  • Chinese bureaucrats educated in Confucian philosophy (from Han dynasty onwards 200BCE)

Examination system (students had to pass tests to achieve positions in government – merit system)

  • Education in theory open to everyone, in reality only for those with enough resources
  • Family model for state
  • Filial piety and ancestor veneration (sacrifice, visiting graves, erecting tablets and shrines)
  • Seen as training ground for reverence to emperor
  • ** The education system established a hierachy

Women inferior to men, education so that they can better serve a husband and raise sons, some control but behind the scenes

  • Justifies inequalities in China
  • Rulers have to follow moral norms or forfeit Mandate of Heaven (upheaval, replaced by other dynasty)
  • Secularism of Chinese elite society (magic and spirits of little help to educated people)
sacred sites of confucianism

(1) Ch'u-fu (Qufu)--Confucius's=

birthplace, a pilgrimage site;

(2) Beijing – site of the Temple of

Heaven, location of Imperial

ceremonies performed on

behalf of the nation;

(3) Beijing – location of T'ien-an

Men Square

(4) Mt. T'ai and Mt. Wu-T'ai—holy

mountains valued by all three

major religions of China; sites

where officials offered prayers

on behalf of the people;

(5) Korea

(6) Japan

The Symbol means total harmony, righteousness, in your own life and in your relations with your neighbor.
beijing the forbidden city



confucius and mencius say

"The greenery on Niu Mountain was once beautiful, but since it was near a large city, it was attacked by lumberjacks. How could it retain its beauty? Still, by breathing in the sunlight and rain, how could new buds and sprouts not appear? But then cattle and sheep came and fed themselves, and by the time they were done, it was completely barren. If people saw this barrenness, they might have imagined that there had never been any greenery. How could the mountain be inherently like this? In the case of people, how could they lack the mind of Humanity and Righteousness? But the daily damaging of the goodness of their mind is just like the lumberjacks on the mountain. Being chopped down day after day, how can it manifest its natural beauty? One may breathe in fresh air day and night, but if you allow the enjoyment of evil doings with people to close in on you, the air gets thin, and your daytime activities stifle you. Because of this stifling, the fresh air is insufficient. Being insufficient, your goodness of mind is not nourished, and there will be little difference between you and the animals. People see our animalistic nature and assume that we have never had great endowments. How could this be our real nature? Therefore, if it is properly nourished, there is nothing that will not grow. If it is not nourished, there is nothing that will not die. Confucius said: 'Use it and you will keep it; ignore it and you will lose it. “


Founded in 6th century BCE by legendary Laozi

  • Wrote supposedly Daodejing (The Way and its Power)
  • Ideas more explicitly expressed in 4th century BCE (warring states!)

Withdrawal into the world of nature

  • Behavior should be spontaneous, individualistic, and natural
  • Focus on nature, not society
  • Dao – the way of nature, a principle that underlies everything (the “force”)

People encouraged to withdraw from society, lead simple, uneducated life

  • Contemplation in nature, mediation
  • Complementary to Confucianism – one could be both
  • Popular Daoism adopts magic, fortune telling, search for immortality (leads to discoveries in chemistry)

Provided ideology for Yellow Turban Rebellion (184-204 CE)

  • Yellow Turbans demanded utopian society without landlords and government
sacred sites of daoism


(1) Home of Lao Tze

(2) Tao Te Ching revealed at Mt. Chung-nan Shan

(3) Founding of the Celestial Masters

(4) Mao shan

(5) Dragon and Tiger Mountain

(6) Taoist pilgrimage site

the dao te ching chapter 39
  • The things which from of old have got the One (the Tâo) are--

Heaven which by it is bright and pure;

Earth rendered thereby firm and sure;

Spirits with powers by it supplied;

Valleys kept full throughout their void

All creatures which through it do live

Princes and kings who from it get

The model which to all they give.

All these are the results of the One (Tâo).

If heaven were not thus pure, it soon would rend;

If earth were not thus sure, 'twould break and bend;

Without these powers, the spirits soon would fail;

If not so filled, the drought would parch each vale;

Without that life, creatures would pass away;

Princes and kings, without that moral sway,

However grand and high, would all decay.


When and where and how was the first empire in China created?

  • Describe Shihuangdi’s actions in government. How did they help to unify the country?
  • How did Shihuangdi try to reform Chinese society?
  • What is legalism?

Ruler of Qin, Shihuangdi conquerors all of China by 221 BCE

  • Imperial policies: drafted hundreds of thousands to build roads, fortifications (Great Wall of China)
  • Persecutes Confucian and Daoist scholars, follows legalist doctrine
  • Centralized bureaucracy
  • Standardized script, currency, weight, measurements, legal standards
  • Dynasty collapses shortly after Shihuangdi’s death in 210 BCE

When and how did the Han dynasty come into being? How long did it last?

  • Describe the government structure of the Han Empire. How did that differ to other classical civilizations?
  • Describe the extent of the Han empire. What cultural implications did that have?

Rebellions against Qin

  • Rebel leader Liu Bang establishes Han dynasty in 206 BCE
  • Measures of political control
  • Maintaining large army, conscripted soldiers
  • Early Han expands into Central Asia under Emperor Wudi
  • Taxes on agriculture, trade, craftsmen
  • Government monopolies on iron and salt production
  • Centralized bureaucracy (examination system, imperial academy in Chang’An)

The problem of land distribution

  • Free peasants important for government for taxes and labor conscription
  • Large landowners can increase their holdings
  • Poorer peasants work as tenants who owe 50% of their harvest or as slaves on large estates
  • Banditry increases, sometimes peasant rebellions
society during the han dynasty
Society during the Han dynasty
  • Aristocracy: large landowners
  • Scholar gentry: bureaucrats educated in Confucian thought
  • Peasants: free peasants, tenants,
  • Some slaves
  • Merchants: could be wealthy, but looked down upon by landowners and bureaucrats
  • Patriarchal society: filial piety, five relationships
  • Big improvements in iron technology, lead to bigger yields in agriculture and larger population
  • Development of compass
  • Silk (weaving done mostly by women, provided extra income for peasants)
confucianist thought about state
Confucianist Thought about State
  • As a ruler, King Wen abided in humanity. As a minister he abided in reverence. As a son he abided in filial piety. As a father he abided in deep love. And in dealing with the people of the country, he abided in faithfulness.
  • From „The Great Learning“
  • Question: What should good government be based on according to the source above? How does it reflect the ideas of Confucianism?

If the ruler has virtue, he will have the people with him. If he has the people with him, he will have the territory. If he has the territory, he will have wealth. And if he has wealth, he will have its use. Virtue is the root, while wealth is the branch.

    • From „The Great Learning“
Pair of Footsoldiers, Western Han Dynasty
  • Earthenware with traces of pigments
Military Watchtower, Eastern Han Dynasty
  • Low-fired earthenware with green glaze
Prancing Horse, Eastern Han dynasty
  • Earthenware with traces of pigment