TO-DO: 9/15/14. WARM-UP: Write a good thesis sentence using the following topic. How did Hinduism have a direct affect on Indian society in the classic period? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wCzuAMVmIZ8 NOTES: CHINA YOU HAVE A QUIZ TOMORROW!
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Your thesis is the road map for writing your paper. Make sure you write about what your
thesis says! Make sure you have a good thesis to write on!
What were conditions like in China that led to the rise of new philosophies and religions?
Examination system (students had to pass tests to achieve positions in government – merit system)
Women inferior to men, education so that they can better serve a husband and raise sons, some control but behind the scenes
(1) Ch'u-fu (Qufu)--Confucius's=
birthplace, a pilgrimage site;
(2) Beijing – site of the Temple of
Heaven, location of Imperial
ceremonies performed on
behalf of the nation;
(3) Beijing – location of T'ien-an
(4) Mt. T'ai and Mt. Wu-T'ai—holy
mountains valued by all three
major religions of China; sites
where officials offered prayers
on behalf of the people;
THE CONFUCIAN CITY AS A MODEL OF THE UNIVERISE
"The greenery on Niu Mountain was once beautiful, but since it was near a large city, it was attacked by lumberjacks. How could it retain its beauty? Still, by breathing in the sunlight and rain, how could new buds and sprouts not appear? But then cattle and sheep came and fed themselves, and by the time they were done, it was completely barren. If people saw this barrenness, they might have imagined that there had never been any greenery. How could the mountain be inherently like this? In the case of people, how could they lack the mind of Humanity and Righteousness? But the daily damaging of the goodness of their mind is just like the lumberjacks on the mountain. Being chopped down day after day, how can it manifest its natural beauty? One may breathe in fresh air day and night, but if you allow the enjoyment of evil doings with people to close in on you, the air gets thin, and your daytime activities stifle you. Because of this stifling, the fresh air is insufficient. Being insufficient, your goodness of mind is not nourished, and there will be little difference between you and the animals. People see our animalistic nature and assume that we have never had great endowments. How could this be our real nature? Therefore, if it is properly nourished, there is nothing that will not grow. If it is not nourished, there is nothing that will not die. Confucius said: 'Use it and you will keep it; ignore it and you will lose it. “
People encouraged to withdraw from society, lead simple, uneducated life
(1) Home of Lao Tze
(2) Tao Te Ching revealed at Mt. Chung-nan Shan
(3) Founding of the Celestial Masters
(4) Mao shan
(5) Dragon and Tiger Mountain
(6) Taoist pilgrimage site
Heaven which by it is bright and pure;
Earth rendered thereby firm and sure;
Spirits with powers by it supplied;
Valleys kept full throughout their void
All creatures which through it do live
Princes and kings who from it get
The model which to all they give.
All these are the results of the One (Tâo).
If heaven were not thus pure, it soon would rend;
If earth were not thus sure, 'twould break and bend;
Without these powers, the spirits soon would fail;
If not so filled, the drought would parch each vale;
Without that life, creatures would pass away;
Princes and kings, without that moral sway,
However grand and high, would all decay.
If the ruler has virtue, he will have the people with him. If he has the people with him, he will have the territory. If he has the territory, he will have wealth. And if he has wealth, he will have its use. Virtue is the root, while wealth is the branch.