AUTISM BY JOE COACHMAN BILYN DOANE SAMANTHA GERBER
Etiology of Autism The term or label autistic was first used by psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1911. Autism is under the umbrella of ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). • No single known cause • There is no reliable study that shows the relationship between autism and vaccines. • Likely causes: • Genetics • Environmental factors • Environmental toxins • Heavy metals such as mercury.
The impact of speech/language • CDC (2009) an average of 1 in 110 children in the U.S. has an ASD. • DSM-IV defines one characteristic of autism as severe and pervasive impairment in communication skills, between 35-50% • The communication impairments ranging from mutism, to echolalia, to higher social deficits.
Second language learners • According to Lue, the number of students from diverse cultures is expected to grow to 24 million or 37% of school-age population by the year 2010. • Children and youth with autism now have a “triple-layered” problem. • Misdiagnosis of bilingual students in special education suggests an assessment in both native and English language. • Collaboration between the ESL teacher, general education teacher, and speech-language pathologist is needed.
Communication strategies/resources • No one strategy is recommended. Multiple strategies and resources recommended. • Just like with autism, strategies have to be individualized to meet the needs of each student. • Simplify your language • One instruction at a time • Use visuals • WWW.teachernet.gov.uk/_doc/6698/full%20document.pdf
Communication strategies for second language learners • Just like first language learners with autism most strategies can be used for second language learners. • One important difference is to be sensitive to the culture. “Pictures are my first language and words are my second language.” T. Grandin
Work cited • Lue, M. S. (2001). A survey of communication disorders for the classroom teacher. MA: Pearson co. • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/autism • Wilder, L.K., Dyches, T.T., obiakor, F.E., & Algizzine. (2004). Focus on autism and other developmental disabilities. V. 19, p 105-113.