Zoning Code Re-Write Miami-Dade County Department of Planning and Zoning
Simplify, Rationalize, and Modernize Goal The Zoning Code Re-Write Project aims to: Chapter 33 of the Miami-Dade County Code
To becomeUser-Friendlyto the general public. To group like similar districts by density, intensity and geography: • Urban•Rural • Special To create new/modified districts based on theCDMP. To avoidNon-Conformities. To retain Zoning Hearing Procedures without substantial changes. To rely more onTablesandGraphicsrather than text. To useFlow Chartsto explain the zoning process. To blend the guidelines from theUrban Design Manual. To incorporate Director’s Opinions and Zoning Classification Manual (complete list of uses). To evaluate placing the new Zoning CodeOnline. Objectives
Highlights (cont’d) • Discontinue RU-1Z and ZLL (Zero Lot Line); these have been replaced by RU-1M(a) and RU-1M(b) • Discontinue RU-3 and merge into RU-3M because they are similar. • Discontinue RU-5A and merge into RU-5 because they are similar. • Discontinue Planned Development because it was not utilized; continue Planned Area Development.
CON- Conservation District ECO – Natural Ecology District • Outside UDB;implements Open Lands designation of CDMP • BCC has adopted Northwest Well field Protection Plan, East Everglades Zoning • Conserves landagainst urban development; emphasizes agriculture, resource-extraction, passive parks, utilities and public facilities • Farms and residences limited to5 – acre minimum lots • Outside UDB;implements Environmental Protection and Environmentally Protected Parksdesignation of CDMP • Predominantly publicly owned park lands(Everglades National, Big Cypress, etc.) • Consistent with Federal, State, Miami-Dade County and SFWMD policies • Preserves ecology • Farms and residences limited to 5 – acre minimum lots
Example: ACT- (BU-1 Option) and New Urbanism “New Urbanism” concepts are being incorporated into many of the zoning district revisions which will have the effect of deterring urban sprawl, encouraging a more compact development pattern, reducing trip length and facilitating multi-purpose trips. These proposals would concentrate development in activity nodes at intersections of major roads and at transit stations as outlined in the Comprehensive Development Master Plan. These centers would combine mixed uses-retail, office and residential uses in the same building. Buildings would be closer to the street, parking lots would be placed to the side or behind the buildings. These pedestrian-friendly centers would feature landscaped pedestrian plazas and a high quality of urban design.
Example: NBN- Neighborhood Business Node The NBN – Neighborhood Business Node will serve the limited retail and personal service needs of the immediate area within walking distance. The maximum site and building size are limited to assure compatibility with the neighborhood and minimize the generation of non-local traffic. Maximum site size: 1 Acre (Maximum)
NBN- Neighborhood Business Node (cont’d) • Maximum floor area of building is limited to 6,000 sq. ft. on 2 floors • The following uses are special exceptions and can only be approved following a public hearing: • Grocery stores, delicatessens, dairy and ice cream stores are limited by an area/dwelling unit formula • Restaurants with a maximum capacity of 50 patrons • Kindergartens and nursery schools, adult day care • The following uses are permitted: • Duplicating Services • Laundry, dry cleaning agencies or establishments • Coin-Operated laundries • Barber and Beauty Shops • Newstands • Shoe repair shop • Pharmacies (drug stores only) • Offices (not medical or dental)
Unincorporated Miami-Dade County Proposed IU-M District
The IU-M District includes: • Water-Dependent Uses • Examples: Cargo shipping terminals and boat repair yards • Water-Related Uses • Examples: Ship chandlers and limited sales of seafood products
The IU-M District doesnotinclude: • Business, service, officeormanufacturing useswhich are not water-dependent or water-related • Residential uses,hotels or free-standing restaurants • Certainrequirementsof the IU-1 and IU-2 Districts. • Landscapedopen space • Trees • Greenbelts • Fencesmay substitute for walls • Guard houseexemption from setbacks. • Required off-street parking may be locatedin front ofor behind buildings, walls or fences. • Additionally, there is aState and Federal SecurityRegulation Override.
Changes in AU-Agricultural District If land is outside UDB and no trend of development has been established, DP&Z now, upon request and providing all other requirements are met, will trend the land to AU if shown as Agricultural on CDMP. (not EU-2).
Example of Urban Design Standards: RU-1, RU-2, RU-1(M)(a), RU-1(M)(b) Applications for subdivision plats, re-plats (5 lot minimum), rezoning, development permits or administrative site plan review on or after (effective date of ordinance) shall follow these urban design standards to the extent possible. Attached garages and carports shall not comprise more than 50% of the home’s front elevation. Front porches may encroach a maximum of 7’ into the front setback; roofs of such front porches may encroach another 2’ but not within 6’ of the front property line. Front porches shall have a minimum depth of 6’ and shall comprise a minimum of 30% of the width of a home’s front elevation (not including any garage) or 12’, whichever is larger. [Existing front setback regulations: 15 feet for 50% of the lineal footage of the width of the house and 25 feet for the balance; except 20 foot setback for attached garage.]
Urban Design Standards for all zoning districts except AU, CON, ECO, EU, GF, GP, GU, IU, PAD, TND and Urban Centers. Common open space shall be in the form of greens, squares, parks or plazas as defined by the block system.
Varies Urban Design Standards (cont’d) The relationship between building heights and street widths shall create a pedestrian scale .
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) Building types shall be mixed in any one development
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) Land uses, such as residential, business, office and institutional, shall be mixed horizontally and vertically in any development, as provided in the CDMP.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) Focal points, such as greens, squares, plazas, gazebos, monuments, fountains, statuary public buildings shall be incorporated in all new development and redevelopment to create neighborhood identity. These focal points shall be placed in prominent locations such as street intersections, or on properties ending street vistas.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) All facades that face an adjacent street, park or open space shall be articulated with porches, bay windows and/or balconies.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) • Street trees shall define the edge of the block • Streets shall be designed in a hierarchy, such as boulevards, avenues, local streets and alleys; and • The network of section, half-section and quarter-section line roads shall be continuous and interconnected. Cul-de-sacs and "T"-turnarounds should be avoided. No block face shall be longer than 425' without an intervening street or pedestrian path.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) • a) A sidewalk network shall be provided throughout the development that interconnects dwelling units with other dwelling units, with non-residential land uses, schools, transit stops and with common open space. The pedestrian circulation system shall include gathering and sitting areas, benches, landscaping, and other street furniture where appropriate. Sidewalks shall be a minimum of 6 feet in width; sidewalks in BU Districts shall be a minimum of 10 feet in width. • Bicycle paths shall be provided that interconnect dwelling units with other dwelling units, with non-residential land uses, schools, transit stops and with common open space. Section and half-section line roads shall include bike lanes or wide curb lanes as per the Public Works Department’s “Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities” (1993). Off-road shared-use paved paths may be provided along suitable corridors such as canals, railroad right-of-way or corridors that have limited intersections, driveways or connections to adjacent uses. Shared-use paths shall be a minimum of 10-feet wide or wider where substantial use is anticipated.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) Articulated facades. All facades that face an adjacent street, park or open space shall be articulated with porches, bay windows and/or balconies. Buildings should be oriented to have the front entrances facing the street, and ground floors should be punctuated with stopping places, entries for pedestrians and display windows; driveways and garage entrances should be located on side streets where feasible; visual contact and surveillance should be maintained between the inside of buildings and the adjacent public right-of-way space.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) In the multifamily districts, OPD, RU-5, and BU Districts, the following additional elements shall be included: (a) Fenestration, such as doors and windows shall be provided, facing the street and at least 30% of the ground floor level of the front principal façade(s) shall be constructed of transparent material. Reflective or mirrored-type glazing is prohibited. (b) Wherever possible, a minimum of 80% of all off street surface parking shall be located in the side or rear yard of the property. All parked vehicles on surface parking lots shall be screened from view from abutting public rights-of-way, greens squares and plazas, excluding alleys. Screening may be provided by intervening buildings or architectural detailing such as ornamental grating or landscaping.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) The design of all parking structures shall include ornamental grating, grillwork and/or louvers oriented to prevent the spillage of light from exterior openings, and to provide screening of all parked vehicles in the parking garage. When a parking garage is provided for a principal structure in the block, the design of the garage shall contain those architectural features that repeat the features in the principal structure. Mechanical roof equipment, excluding vents and stairwell access, must be screened from any views by the use of architecturally compatible walls or screens. Any exterior garbage receptacles, dumpsters, or open storage areas must be screened from view from abutting property and public rights-of-way with landscaping, or opaque material that is the same as, or similar to, the materials used on the nearest façade of the principal structure.
Urban Design Standards (cont’d) “Big Box” Retailers and Shopping Centers