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Y-12 National Security Complex. Protecting America’s Future. DOE’s Oak Ridge Reservation. Y-12 National Security Complex Oak Ridge National Laboratory East Tennessee Technology Park. ORNL. ETTP. The Manhattan Project. Y-12 began as part of the Manhattan Project during World War II.

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y 12 national security complex
Y-12 National Security Complex

Protecting America’s Future

doe s oak ridge reservation
DOE’s Oak Ridge Reservation
  • Y-12 National Security Complex
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • East Tennessee Technology Park



the manhattan project
The Manhattan Project
  • Y-12 began as part of the Manhattan Project during World War II

Y-12 1943


Y-12 was built as a facility to separate U-235 for the first atomic bomb.

y 12 s legacy
Y-12’s Legacy
  • Provided the enriched uranium for “Little Boy” to help America and her allies win World War II
y 12 s transformation
Y-12’s Transformation
  • In the 1950s, Y-12 became a nuclear weapons component plant
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, Y-12 played a key role in building nuclear defense
y 12 demographics
Y-12 Demographics
  • Work force of 4600+
    • on-site population [with National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) subcontractors and others] of almost 7000
  • 550+ facilities (5.5 million ft2)
  • 2 1/2 miles long, 1/2 mile wide
  • FY 2005 annual budget of ~$770 million
  • 183 new hires in 2004; 1078 new hires since 2000
  • Number of employees with degrees
    • 1,178 (BS), 513 (MS), 68 (PhD)
national nuclear security administration
National Nuclear Security Administration
  • Semi-autonomous unit of the Department of Energy (DOE)
  • Created in 1999
  • Oversees the operations of the Nuclear Weapons Complex
  • four production plants
  • three design labs
nnsa organization
NNSA Organization
  • Administrator reports directly to the Secretary of Energy
  • Y-12 Site Manager reports directly to NNSA Headquarters
bwxt y 12
  • Enterprise of BWX Technologies and Bechtel National, Inc.
  • BWXT Y-12 Management and Operating (M&O) contract in place since FY 2000
  • Fourth in 60-year history of successful M&O contractors
  • M&O contract provides NNSA/DOE with the best industrial practices, specialized engineering talent and mission-related partnerships
  • Earned 95% rating in last evaluation period

Y-12 Missions Today

  • Ensure stockpile safety and reliability
  • Respond to stockpile issues with modernized production capabilities
  • Safeguard and secure strategic materials
  • Support nonproliferation activities
  • Work for other federal agencies and technology transfer
y 12 modernization
Y-12 Modernization

Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility

Uranium Processing Facility

y 12 modernization cont
Y-12 Modernization (cont.)
  • Purification Facility
    • first new production facility in 30 years
    • completed in August 2004
  • New Off-Site Records Storage Facility
    • completed in January 2005
  • New Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility (HEUMF)
    • construction started in December 2004
  • New Uranium Processing Facility
    • currently in design stage
y 12 modernization cont14
Y-12 Modernization (cont.)
  • Administrative and technical facilities are being proposed using private-sector financing
infrastructure reduction
Infrastructure Reduction
  • Operational space reduced by 905,554 ft2
  • 213 buildings demolished
  • 692,083 ft2total space reduction by demolition
nuclear nonproliferation
Nuclear Nonproliferation
  • Nuclear Cities Initiative
  • International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability
  • Naval Reactors
  • Work for Others
peaceful use of nuclear material
Peaceful Use of Nuclear Material
  • Y-12 selected to supply Canadian reactors with low-enriched uranium
  • Project BLEU provides fuel for TVA reactors
  • Y-12 is a leader in worker safety
  • Employees worked more than 6 million hours in 2004 without a lost workday away injury
  • Recordable injury rate lowest in 14 years—well below general industry rates
  • 2004 safety index 60% lower than 2003
  • Leading the DOE Complex
    • keyless entry
    • diskless technology
  • Y-12 security rated best in complex in 2004
environmental stewardship
Environmental Stewardship
  • Recognized by DOE, NNSA, Environmental Protection Agency and Tennessee regulators for award-winning environmental programs
  • Received 11 awards for pollution prevention since FY 2000
  • Environmental compliance record exceeds 99%
partnerships and work for others
Partnerships and Work for Others
  • Other Nuclear Weapons Complex sites to improve the Stockpile Stewardship Program
  • Federal agencies to provide technological assistance and products
  • Industry, universities and laboratories to develop the solutions necessary to keep the United States competitive in the world marketplace
  • National Center for Defense Manufacturing and Machining
  • Federal Laboratory Consortium
commitment to the community
Commitment to the Community
  • Good neighbor in the East Tennessee community:
    • pledged $1 million to the Oak Ridge High School (ORHS) renovation project
    • helping ORHS establish a manufacturing academy to strengthen the area work force
    • raised $650,000 to the United Way in 18 counties
    • sponsored Habitat for Humanity house with 200 volunteers helping
    • contribute $250,000 to Project Grad (Knoxville schools)
    • contribute $430,000 annually
commitment to the community cont
Commitment to the Community (cont.)
  • Annual Day of Volunteering
  • Relay for Life
  • Volunteers in the Park
  • March of Dimes
  • Diabetes Association
  • MS Walk
  • Cystic Fibrosis Society
statewide economic impact
Statewide Economic Impact
  • 20th largest employer in Tennessee
    • Stable employment
  • 4th largest in the Knoxville area
  • $314 million in wages
  • $205 million in procurements
  • $9.3 million in taxes