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TURKEY: A DEVELOPING COUNTRY. Nur Zincir-Heywood zincir@cs.dal.ca. Current Case. 2 national backbones academic commercial 4 international links 3000 host in March 1995, 37327 hosts in June 1998 and 85000 hosts in June 2000 estimated number of users 1000000. Turkey. Map

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turkey a developing country

TURKEY: A DEVELOPING COUNTRY

Nur Zincir-Heywood

zincir@cs.dal.ca

current case
Current Case
  • 2 national backbones
    • academic
    • commercial
  • 4 international links
  • 3000 host in March 1995, 37327 hosts in June 1998 and 85000 hosts in June 2000
  • estimated number of users 1000000
turkey
Turkey
  • Map
  • Data about the Internet usage in Turkey
    • kursat
    • ilker
    • ours
problems
Problems
  • Economic problems
  • Telco monopoly
  • Reselling
  • Lack of regulatory body
  • Social and cultural issues
economic
Economic
  • not enough money for
    • lines
    • personnel
    • equipment
  • true for academic backbone (state)
telco monopoly
Telco Monopoly
  • No real infrastructure
  • No real motivation to give better service
  • No reselling is allowed
  • true for both academic and commercial
reselling
Reselling
  • A problem for commercial nw
  • Telco do not like it
  • no market at the beginning
  • attracting customers
regulations
Regulations
  • No regulatory body
  • different state offices have power to do different things
  • but do not have responsibility
  • both for academia and commercial
social and cultural issues
Social and cultural issues
  • for most people even accessing basic life facilities is a problem
  • language / contents
  • no training
  • expensive service for an ordinary dial-up user (pc + ISP fee + phone bill)
  • training people
  • both academic and commercial
5 years later
5 years later...
  • one backbone
  • educational backbone will diminish
  • severe security and operations management problems
  • more business on the net
  • increase in the number of ISPs
  • increase in the usage
  • mobile phone networks will carry more internet traffic
economical
Economical
  • Growth
  • consistency
regulatory body
Regulatory body
  • that has power and budget
  • representatives from the government, the industry, the academia
slide14
Law
  • About security issues
  • electronic crime
  • copyright issues
  • all e-commerce oriented issues
telecommunication carrier
Telecommunication carrier
  • privatization in telco,
  • many carriers
  • peering between them
  • load sharing etc.
usage of it
Usage of IT
  • in business
  • in state offices
  • in education
  • security issues
  • operations management issues
training
Training
  • Users
  • technical people
  • informing people about the benefits of Internet
for more users
For more users
  • More Internet cafes
  • Good marketing
  • Lower fees
content
Content
  • Turkish
  • more information about the state services
  • better designed home pages