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Making the Connection: Student Health and Academic Success. Building Healthy Students. Family. School. Community. Mississippi’s children are facing a weight, nutrition, and health crisis. Mississippi Health Challenges. Youth Risk Survey (YRBS).

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building healthy students
Building Healthy Students

Family

School

Community

mississippi s children are facing a weight nutrition and health crisis
Mississippi’s children are facing a weight, nutrition, and health crisis.
slide6

Youth Risk Survey (YRBS)

www.healthyschoolsms.org/2007yrbsdatapage.htm

slide7

Health Issues

Overweight

Undernourished

Sedentary

Diabetes (type 2)

CHD Risk Factors

slide8

Academic Issues

Overweight

Undernourished

Sedentary

Diabetes (type 2)

CHD Risk Factors

percentage of u s children and adolescents who are overweight hubbard 2006
Percentage of U.S. Children and Adolescents Who Are Overweight* Hubbard, 2006

* >95th percentile for BMI by age and sex based on 2000 CDC BMI-for-age growth charts

**Data are from 1963-65 for children 6-11 years of age and from 1966-70 for adolescents 12-17 years of age

Source: National Center for Health Statistics

being overweight is an academic issue
Being overweight is an academic issue
  • Overweight children have more school absences than children with a healthy weight.
  • Seriously overweight children report a lower quality of life.
  • Weight-related teasing is a major cause of bullying at school.
being undernourished is an academic issue
Being undernourished is an academic issue
  • Optimal nutrition is necessary for optimal cognitive functioning.
  • Zinc, iron, B-vitamins, and other nutrients are critically important to brain function and brain function.
  • Sub-optimal nutrition can affect academic performance and even IQ scores.
slide14

Importance of Dairy

  • Kids who avoid milk are more likely to be overweight and to have bone fractures.
  • Higher milk intake in children is associated with lower body fat.
importance of breakfast
Importance of Breakfast
  • Breakfast establishes the foundation for learning. Eating breakfast improves math grades, vocabulary skills, and memory.
  • Students who eat breakfast have fewer absences, fewer discipline problems, and fewer visits to the school nurses’ offices.
  • Youth who eat breakfast are less likely to be overweight and eating breakfast at school improves overall nutrient intake.
sedentary
SEDENTARY
  • 47 percent watched 3 or more hours of TV on an average school day.
  • 60 percent did not attend physical education classes.
  • 76 percent did not attend physical education classes daily.
  • 47 percent did not play on a sports team during the school year.
being sedentary is an academic issue
Being sedentary is an academic issue
  • Research supports a connection between being active and improved brain performance.
  • Children who achieve more fitness standards tend to score higher on standardized tests.
  • Excessive screen time undermines children's education.
diabetes
DIABETES
  • Type 2 diabetes - once a disease of people over 40 - is increasingly common among children (as young as 9 and 10)
  • African-American, Hispanic-American and Native American youth are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes
  • CDC estimates “one in three children born in the US in 2000 will become diabetic during their lifetime …”
type 2 diabetes is an academic issue
Type 2 diabetes is an academic issue
  • Children with type 2 diabetes have more school absences.
  • Fluctuating blood sugar levels contribute to poor behavior and other school problems.
  • Children with type 2 diabetes also need more intensive nursing services.
research from u georgia and medical college of georgia
Research from U. Georgia and Medical College of Georgia
  • 200 overweight, inactive 7-11 year olds received nutrition education and 20 or 40 minutes of vigorous after-school activity
  • Three month program reduced body fat and diabetes risk, while improving bone density, thinking and decision making
  • Insulin resistance improved more in the children who were active for 40 minutes
coronary heart disease chd
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
  • High blood pressure (HBP) and pre-HBP are on the rise among youth, esp. among boys, African-Americans, and Hispanics.
  • Higher BMI during childhood is associated with an increased risk of CHD in adult- hood, esp. among boys.
  • Current data suggests that high BMI in adolescents will increase rates of CHD among future young/middle-aged adults.
chd risk factors are an academic issue
CHD risk factors are an academic issue
  • Like children with other serious health issues, those HPB and other CHD risk factors may have more absences.
  • They may also require more intensive nursing services while at school.
  • Young people with these problems are not fit, healthy, and ready to succeed.
building healthy students23
Building Healthy Students

Family

School

Community

slide24

Building Healthy Students

  • Breakfast at home or school
  • Physical education/activity daily
  • Time to enjoy a balanced lunch
  • Health/nutrition education
  • Positive non-food rewards
  • Smart snack opportunities
slide25

School Wellness

Child Nutrition and WIC

Reauthorization Act of 2004

wellness policy
Wellness Policy

A document - approved by the local school board - that promotes a healthy school environment. By focusing on nutrition and physical activity standards, a wellness policy seeks to improve children’s health, classroom behaviors, and academic performance.

Mandated by USDA for School Year 2006-07

what the law required starting in 2006 07
What the law required starting in 2006-07…
  • Goals for nutrition education, physical activity, and activities to promote wellness
  • Nutrition guidelines for all foods available during the school day
  • Ways of measuring how well the policy is being implemented
  • Involvement of parents, students, school board, foodservice, administrators, teachers, and the public
mississippi success mde board passes vending regulations october 2006
Mississippi Success:MDE Board Passes Vending Regulations ~ October 2006
  • As of 2007-2008 all full calorie, sugar carbonated soft drinks can not be sold
  • As of 2008-2009 bottled water, lowfat and nonfat milk, 100% juice, no/low calorie beverages and light juices or sports drinks may be sold*
  • Nutritional standards set for snack vending

* Requirements vary by grade level

www.healthyschoolsms.org/nutrition_services/Vending.html

mississippi success mississippi legislature mandates student health councils november 2006
Mississippi Success:Mississippi Legislature Mandates Student Health Councils, November 2006
  • A School Health Council (SHC) is an advisory group composed of committed individuals from both the school and the community.
  • The group works together to provide guidance and leadership to the school on all aspects of the school health program.
slide30

Mississippi Success:Mississippi Legislature Passes Healthy Students Act ~ 2007

Senate Bill 2369

  • Mandates for 2008-09 (grades K-8)
    • 150 minutes per week of Physical Education
    • 45 minutes per week of Health Education
  • Requires MDE to regulate statewide improvements in school nutrition programs

www.cn.mde.k12.ms.us/resources/SB2369041307.pdf

slide31

Mississippi Success:Mississippi Legislature Passes Mary Kirkpatrick Haskell-Mary Sprayberry Public School Nurse Program ~ 2007

House Bill 1132

  • To provide for a public school nurse program to be administered by the Department of Education through the Office of Healthy Schools
  • To specify the responsibilities of the nurses in the program
  • To prescribe the duties of the Office of Healthy Schools in administering the program
who benefits
Who benefits?

Administrators

Teachers

Schools

Families