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Institutional Arrangement for STD in Selected Chinese Cities. Wang Yuanqing. BRT research center, Chang`An University. The capital of Shaanxi province and once called Chang `an, a historical famous city of the civilized world.

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slide1

Institutional Arrangement for

STD in Selected Chinese Cities

Wang Yuanqing

BRT research center, Chang`An University.

my city xi an
The capital of Shaanxi province and once called Chang `an, a historical famous city of the civilized world.

One of the most famous traveling city, the traveling gross income reaches 13.5% in whole city’s GDP. Scenic sites, such as Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses (the world eighth big miracle reputation ), Bell tower, Big wild goose pagoda are absorbing places.

One of the most important basis of higher education in China. 45Universities covered a large research field

Fast development makes its transportation system work hard

My City Xi'an

Big Wild

Goose Pagoda

Bell tower

Terra-cotta Warriors

and Horses

slide3
Under the Ministry of Education’s Directly administration, Being one of the State "211 Project" key development universities, Its characteristic and superiority mainly on highway and Traffic, Automobile, Geology, Architectonics, etc.

Highway and traffic College, including Highway construction, Bridge construction, Traffic engineering Department and 3 famous laboratories, Being an important technique base for national freeway system and urban road system development in Chinese fast urbanization process.

Traffic Engineering Department share a reputation for its “Overall Control Methodology” in highway planning area, Now also do research in Subway planning, Urban transportation system planning and Highway safety and ITS.

Chang`An University

slide4
Forgiving design
  • founded in 2002
  • 43 members
  • the main research directions:
  • Urban Transportation Planning (UTP)
  • Integrated Transportation Planning
  • Urban Public transportation planning, specially on BRT
  • Intelligent transportation system (ITS)
  • Informatization
  • Bus Dispatch

The BRT Center

  • Traffic Safety
slide5

Related Research Activities

  • Xi'an Planning Bureau

Transportation strategy planning

  • Xi'an Bus Company

Preparing study for Public Transport of Xi'an World bank projects

  • Energy Foundation

Research of Xi'an BRT development stratagem

  • Fuk Yingdong Educational Fund Foundation

Research of transportation problem between central city and satellite cities

institutional arrangement for social std of nation
Institutional Arrangement for Social STD of Nation

Central Party

Committee

principle &Strategy

Direction Guider & Highest Leader

State Council

Managing at Whole

Country Level

Governing &Executing

law ,Governing &

Financial

examination

Decision & Law Maker,

supervising Government

National People's

Congress

Political Consultative

Conference

Public Opinion Feedback

feedback

opinion

the state council department related to urban std
The State Council Department related toUrban STD

National Development

and Reform commission

Authorize projects

land examination

and approval

National land bureau

Detect, Evaluate, Authorize Transportation

Project according Environment law

State Environment

Protection Administration

State

Council

Suburb Highway Transportation

and Urban Bus Managing (part)

National Ministry of

Communications

Y or N

Traffic Control and Safety

The Ministry Of Public

Security P.R. C

Urban Planning, Construction,

Managing of Transportation (part)

Ministry Of

Construction P.R.C

scientific development vs sutd

Scientific Development Vs SuTD

The concept of people

oriented, comprehensive,

harmonious and

sustainable development

Definition

target

core

pith

Chairman Hu

+

+

Comprehensive

harmonious

People

oriented

Sustainable

ScTD

SuTD

Resource

conservation

Social

Equity

Social

Efficiency

sctd for chinese large cities at the nation level

ScTD for Chinese large Cities at the Nation Level

Traffic Demand Management (TDM)

National Chang-Tong Excellent Urban Traffic Improvement Project(Improve traffic control level and Transit Priority to reduce traffic congestion)

Public Transit Priority

Premier Wen and State Council insist that it should be a basic strategy

slide10
Developing Vehicles Moderately

The degree of the development is controlled by cities themselves

Transportation Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection

ScTD for Chinese large Cities at the Nation Level

Environmental Protection Law

Some Land use control Policy

Have researches but lack policy, Law for reducing energy Conservation

chinese vehicles development
Encourage automobile industry development

May Not discriminating against Low emission level cars

Restrict auto use in down town of Large cities but lack system methods

Chinese Vehicles Development
sctd related institutional arrangement of typical large cities
ScTD Related Institutional Arrangement of typical large cities

Municipal Party

Committee

Policy-maker of

City Development

Strategy

Municipal Government

Managing at Whole

City Level

Execute &

Governing

People's Congress

Law, Governing &

Municipal Financial

examination

Municipal legal maker,

supervising Government

Political Consul-

tative Conference

Public opinion

collector

Feedback

Public opinion

municipal department related to urban sctd
Municipal Departmentrelated toUrban ScTD

Development

and Reform

commission

Planning Bureau

land bureau

Ministry Of

Construction

Urban

Construction

planning

Integrated

Transportation

planning

Land use control

& approval

Authorize projects &

Investment planning

Execute

  • Generally is this,

but individual city

may be different

Detect, Evaluate, Authorize Transportation

Project according Environment law

EPB

Traffic Police

municipal

Bureau

Transport

Bureau

repeal

projects

Planning Traffic Control

System, Construction &

operation management

Road design,

construction

&maintenance

Cargo &

transit planning,

operation and

management

city authorities correspond with national govt about sctd
City authorities correspond with national govt. about ScTD

National Govt.

few Budgets From Central Govt.

  • Factors:
  • City development level
  • City scale
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • Regional difference
  • Transportation development level
  • And so on

By document,

law and policy

City Govt.

Various responds

Problem: The restriction is flexible

Nearly each city has individual plan based on ScTD

achievement
Nation and large city leader pay high attention to urban transportation.

Public Transit Priority policy began to carry out in some cities

Traffic demand management (TDM) and vehicle operation management being carried out now.

Achievement
beijing

Beijing

  • Want to control its urban area traffic

old areas toll

  • encouraging citizens transfer to transit

when entering city centre.

  • South middle axle BRT system
  • Transportation Committee
  • Mayor & CPC Secretary pay high

attention to urban traffic

following years beijing conceive to
levy registration markfee

levy road jam fee within the second ring and in other seriously congested roads.

build large transit terminal and low-charge or free parking lot , encouraging citizens transfer to transit when entering city centre.

flexibleduty hours

following years Beijing conceive to
slide18

Beijing city has 10 measures to decrease traffic jam

  • Bus only lane
  • Restrict use of car
  • High charge for car parking in city centre
  • Reform the charge of express way
  • Strengthen to build urban low degree road
  • Build suburb transport aisle
  • ITS in transport management
  • Transportation development program
  • Strengthen to build legal system
shanghai

Shanghai

  • Control vehicle increasing trend
  • ITS usage in evaluate expressway
  • Pay attention to Urban Traffic

Research

  • control vehicular purchase and use
  • registration mark auction system
  • Divert urban transportation emphases to MRT construction
shanghai transportation strategy
Urban public passenger transport priority

Reduce use area of bicycle gradually in central town

Control increasing trend and scale of the centre car traffic

Restrict the development of motorbicycle

Shanghai transportation strategy
use of vehicles controlling approach in shanghai
Area restriction of auto

Area toll of auto (Pay 10% of auto price each year)

The charge of parking vary from area to area

Forbid bicycle entering into CBD, Different Parking charges

use of vehicles controlling approach in Shanghai
chengdu

Chengdu

  • Pay attention to Urban Traffic Research
  • Bus terminal building
  • City and countryside integrated by

Public transportation

chengdu transportation idea and object
idea:“one hour” network of rail in the future,

Chengdu will develop subway in the central city, but need agreed by central government

Chengdu transportation idea and object
xi an

Xi'an

  • Want to have BRT, Bus Only Lane, and

bus bay in the old urban area

  • Forbidding motorcycles within

the second ring

  • Want to integrate Urban Transit and

countryside Bus system as a whole

forbid motorcycle
Beijing

From1985,within the third ring

Shanghai

From sept. 2001,main roads in city

Guangzhou

From 2003,several main roads in city,

Forbid motorcycle
problem or sctd in large city

Problem or ScTD in Large City

Different bureau and commission share

different transport responsibilities,

but who think things as a whole

Who can Lead the urban ScTD?

Who Consider the policy for urban ScTD?

ScTD depending on the key leader of a city, It is fragile

slide27

Solutions

  • Organization

Need an organization responsible for whole urban transportation

system to match ScTD Require.

  • Bus priority
  • need law, policy and suitable merit system to ensure priority
  • of bus from road usage, investment, land use etc..
  • Transportation research
  • need to pay more attention to transportation research,
  • from investment, decision making etc..
thank you

Thank you !

Wang Yuanqing, Director,

BRT Research Center, Chang’an University

Telephone: 86-29-82,334,821

Email:jt01@gl.chd.edu.cn

wyq21@vip.sina.com