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Diploma Unit 3 Southern Italy Robert Scibelli, DWS Does Sangiovese have what it takes to make internationally successful wines today? Discuss with specific reference to the wines and regions of Central Italy. BIFERNO ABRUZZI MOLISE CASTEL DEL MONTE LAZIO PUGLIA Bari TAURASI

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diploma unit 3 southern italy

Diploma Unit 3Southern Italy

Robert Scibelli, DWS

slide2

Does Sangiovese have what it takes to make internationally successful wines today? Discuss with specific reference to the wines and regions of Central Italy.

slide3

BIFERNO

ABRUZZI

MOLISE

CASTEL

DEL MONTE

LAZIO

PUGLIA

Bari

TAURASI

GRECO

DI TUFO

VERMENTINODI GALLURA

PUGLIA

Brindisi

Napoli

Taranto

SALICE

SALENTINO

BASILICATA

CAMPANIA

FIANO

DI AVELLINO

SARDEGNA

AGLIANICODEL VULTURE

R. Tirso

Nuoro

CALABRIA

Oristano

CIRO

CARIGNANODEL SULCIS

Cagliari

Palermo

MARSALA

Marsala

Mt Etna

S I C I L I A

SOUTHERN ITALY

& THE ISLANDS

©WSET®2003

southern italy topics
Southern Italy Topics
  • Campania (Campagna)
    • Taurasi, Greco di Tufo, Fiano di Avelino, Falerno, IGT Wines
  • Sicilia (Sicily)
    • Alcamo, Cerasuolo, Passito di Pantelleria, IGT Wines
  • Puglia (Apulia)
    • Salice Salentino, Primitivo de Manduria, IGT
  • Basilicata: Aglianico del Vulture
  • Calabria: Cirò
  • Sardegna (Sardinia)
    • Cannonau di Sardegna, Vermentino di Gallura
campania basilicata
Campania & Basilicata
  • Campania
    • Taurasi DOCG
    • Greco di Tufo DOCG
    • Fiano di Avelino DOCG
    • Falerno del Massico DOC
    • IGT Wines
  • Basilicata
    • Aglianico del Vulture DOC
taurasi docg
Taurasi DOCG
  • AGLIANICO (85% minimum)
    • Medium Thick Skin (some rot resistance)
    • Late Ripening, High Tannin and Acid
    • Wild Cherry, Black Currant, Frutti di Bosco
    • Ages to Red Fruits, Tar and Leather
  • Possible addition of Piedirosso Sciascinoso, Aleatico, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sangiovese
  • Three years ageing with one in wood
  • Riserva: additional year ageing
campania white wines
Campania White Wines
  • Fiano di Avellino DOCG
    • Best at Medium-low Yields
    • Small Berry, Small Bunch
    • Subtlety of Flavor and Aroma
    • Apple, Pear, Pineapple, Hazelnut
    • max. 15% Greco a/o Coda di Volpe bianca a/o Trebbiano Toscano
  • Greco di Tufo DOCG
    • Wines of Body and Extract
    • Late Maturing, Susceptible to Rot
    • Likes Sulphur Rich Soils and Dry Growing Conditions
    • Not known for its aromatics tending toward the earthy, modern versions can intensify the aromatics adding ripe fruits and almond
    • Also spumante (min. 85% Greco,  max. 15% Coda di Volpe Bianca)
campania mixed wines
Campania Mixed Wines
  • Falerno del Massico DOC
    • Bianco: Falanghina
    • Rosso: 60-80% Aglianico, 20-40% Piedirosso, Barbera a/o Primitivo to 20%
    • Monovarietale Rosso: Primitivo (min. 85%, plus Aglianico a/o Piedirosso a/o Barbera)
  • Lacri(y)ma Christi del Vesuvio DOC
    • Extension of DOC to wines with higher minimum alcohol (12%) and lower yields.
    • Versions: bianco, spumante naturale, rosato, rosso, liquoroso
aglianico del vulture doc
Aglianico del Vulture DOC
  • All wines 100% Aglianico
  • Normale: 12 months ageing, not to be released prior to November 1° following the vintage.
  • Spumante: As Normale
  • Vecchio: 36 months minimum ageing with 24 months in wood.
  • Riserva: 60 months minimum ageing with 24 months in wood.
sicilia
Sicilia
  • Sicilia (Sicily)
    • Alcamo DOC
      • Catarratto + Grecanico, Trebbiano to 20%
    • Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG
      • Also Classico: 50-70% Nero d'Avola, 30-50% Frappato
    • Passito di Pantelleria DOC
      • liquoroso, spumante, passito liquoroso
      • 85% Zibibbo (Moscato di Alessandria)
    • IGT Wines
sicilia black grapes
Sicilia Black Grapes
  • NERO D’AVOLA
    • Given to Deep Color
    • High Sugar and Tannin Levels
    • Firm and Fixed Acidity (Tartaric)
    • Dark Fruits, Plum, Chocolate
  • OTHER
    • Frappato
    • Nerello (Mascalese, Cappuccio)
    • Perricone
sicilia white grapes
Sicilia White Grapes
  • CATARRATTO
  • INZ(S)OLIA (ANSONICA)
  • CARRICANTE
  • MALVASIA
  • MOSCATO (ZIBIBBO)
  • GRILLO
calabria
Calabria
  • Cirò DOC
    • Predominant red grape variety in Calabria
    • Possibly of Greek origin
    • Thrives in dry conditions and reaches high sugar levels which result in robust, if rarely subtle, wines.
    • Bianco (min. 90% Greco bianco, max. 10% Trebbiano Toscano)
    • Rosato, Rosso (95% Gaglioppo, max. 5% Trebbiano Toscano and Greco) 
puglia
Puglia
  • Salice Salentino DOC
    • Bianco min. 70% Chardonnay
    • Monovarietale Bianco Pinot Bianco (min. 85%, with Chardonnay a/o Sauvignon max. 15%)
    • Rosato, Rosso min. 80% Negroamaro, plus Malvasia Nera di Lecce a/o di Brindisi
    • Monovarietale Rosso min 85% Aleatico plus negroamaro a/o malvasia nera a/o primitivo max
  • Copertino DOC
    • Min 70% Negroamaro, max 30% Malvasia Nera di Brindisi a/o di Leccea/o Montepulciano a/o Sangiovese (max 15%)
puglia22
Puglia
  • Primitivo di Manduria DOC
    • 100% Primitivo
  • Locorotondo DOC
    • 50%-60% Verdeca, 30%-35% Bianco d’Alessano
    • Up to 5% Fiano a/o Bombino a/o Malvasia Toscana
  • IGT Wines
    • 6 IGT categories
puglia black grapes
Puglia Black Grapes
  • NEGROAMARO
    • Albania? Xinomavro?
    • Stable and Reliable, Depending on Harvest a Range of Wines Possible
    • Lush Black Fruit with a Bitter Edge
  • PRIMITIVO
    • Early Ripener (two harvests)
    • High in Sugar
    • Brother of Zinfandel, Son of Crljenak Kastelanski
  • OTHER:
    • Uva di Troia; Malvasia Nera; Aleatico
puglia black grapes25
Puglia Black Grapes
  • NEGROAMARO
    • Albania? Xinomavro?
    • Stable and Reliable, Depending on Harvest a Range of Wines Possible
    • Lush Black Fruit with a Bitter Edge
  • PRIMITIVO
    • Early Ripener (two harvests)
    • High in Sugar
    • Brother of Zinfandel, Son of Crljenak Kastelanski
  • OTHER:
    • Uva di Troia; Malvasia Nera; Aleatico
puglia white grapes
Puglia White Grapes
  • Verdeca
  • Bianco D’Alessano
  • Pampanuto
  • Bombino Bianco
sardegna
Sardegna
  • Cannonau di Sardegna DOC
    • Min. 90%
    • Subzones of Oliena, Capo Ferrato, and Jerzu
  • Vermentino di Gallura DOCG
    • 95% Vermentino
sardinia black grapes
Sardinia Black Grapes
  • Cannonau
    • Medium Vigor but High Production
    • Higher Slopes Better for “Elegance”
    • Not Rich in Color, Tannin or Acid
    • Fruity (Strawberry, Raspberry) and Peppery
  • Other:
    • Carignano; Monica; Bovale; Cagnulari, Nieddera; Nebbiolo??
sardinia white grapes
Sardinia White Grapes
  • VERMENTINO
    • Both Light and Superiore Versions in Gallura
    • All Styles Exist Elsewhere
    • Tropical Fruit (But Quite Flexible)
  • OTHER:
    • Nuragus; Vernaccia do Oristano (Oristano); Nasco; Malvasia; Moscato