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Aid to least developed countries. Elena Bernaldo de Quirós Statistics and Monitoring Division, OECD DAC ECOSOC, Geneva, 19 July 2007. Aid to LDCs has risen since 2000. Seven countries receive about half of the aid to LDCs in 2005. LDCs received almost a quarter of all aid in 2005. 2005.

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aid to least developed countries

Aid to least developed countries

Elena Bernaldo de Quirós

Statistics and Monitoring Division, OECD DAC

ECOSOC, Geneva, 19 July 2007

in the social sector aid is largely for basic services in
In the social sector aid is largely for basic services in

2004-05 average

Health

Education

Water

basic social services
Basic social services

2004-05 average

the quality of aid
The quality of aid
  • In 2005, all DAC members met the 1978 DAC Terms Recommendation, by giving at least 86% of their aid to LDCs (or 90% of their aid to each LDC over the preceding three years) as grants.
  • In 2001, the DAC agreed a Recommendation on Untying Aid to the Least Developed Countries, which is being carefully monitored. In 2005, indicators of effort show progress compared to the baseline 1999-2001. ODA volume has not been affected by the recommendation.
  • Paris Declaration represents the first time donors and partner countries are committed to targets for monitoring aid effectiveness. The 2006 baseline survey on Monitoring the Paris declaration (19 LDCs participated) shows that progress is to be done on the three basic conditions required to make aid effective: aid has to be predictable, accountable and cost-effective. More info on this survey: www.oecd.org/dac/effectiveness/monitoring
warning signs for aid to ldcs
Warning signs for aid to LDCs
  • Several major aid donors still well short of meeting aid targets, and likely to miss them for 2006.
  • G8 and Millennium Summit pledges to double aid to Africa – where most LDCs are located – by 2010 are still a challenge.
  • Governance and security concerns impeding aid to many LDCs.
positive signs for aid to ldcs
Positive signs for aid to LDCs
  • Global fund targeting HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

Three major initiatives, all health related: IFFIm, AMC and air tickets levies

Relatively modest, but significant addition to health-related ODA flows

  • Innovative Finance
  • Non-DACDonors

Although non-DAC donors have increased their ODA contributions, DAC countries still account for 99% of ODA to LDCs.

end remarks
End remarks
  • More efforts need to be made if DAC countries want to meet 0.15 % of GNI target.
  • These efforts need to target real problems of developing countries (hunger, disease and lack of freedom and opportunity)
  • Results on the improvement of life conditions in these countries will be the real test of the effectiveness of aid.
slide19
Thank you for your attention.

For more information on aid flows, visit the DAC website at www.oecd.org/dac/stats