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Aid Given By Developed Countries to Africa. Aid. Aim : * Identify the three main types of aid which are given to developing countries. Aid. Aid is help given by a country or organisation to another country to help meet its needs. A country which gives aid

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Aid

Aim:

* Identify the three main types of aid which are given to developing countries.

slide3
Aid

Aid is help given by a country or

organisation to another country to help

meet its needs. A country which givesaid

is called a DONOR country. A country

which receives aid is called a RECIPIENT

country.

types of aid
Types of Aid

Bilateral Aid

Aid given by one country to another

country.

Multi-lateral Aid

Aid which is given by a group of countries

working together e.g. United Nations,

European Union.

Voluntary Aid

Aid which is given by voluntary organisations or

charities e.g. Oxfam, Water Aid.

types of aid1
Types of Aid

Activities:

  • Study the diagram on Types of Aid on page 14.
  • Complete question 1 from the Activities on page 15.
  • Make sure you take two lines for each type of aid.
bilateral aid
Bilateral Aid

Aims:

  • Examine the advantages and disadvantages of tied aid.
  • Identify the social, political and economic

factors which determine whether a

developed country will give aid

tied aid
Tied Aid
  • When bilateral aid is given, there are usually conditions or ‘strings’ attached.
  • This type of bilateral aid is known as ‘tied aid’ or ‘boomerang’ aid.
  • This is because the aid returns to the donor country in a way which benefits them.
slide9

Tied Aid

  • ADVANTAGES:
  • Provides financial help to a developing countries
  • Buying goods and services from the donor country helps to create jobs.
  • Aid will not be wasted on weapons or useless projects.
  • Both sides benefit from tied aid.
  • Opportunity to help a friendly/democratic country.
  • Prestige for donor country
  • DISADVANTAGES:
  • Recipient country could buy cheaper/better quality goods in another country
  • Helps the donor country more than the recipient
  • Gives the donor country power over the recipient.
  • Type of aid given may not be appropriate to needs of the country.
why do countries give aid
Why Do Countries Give Aid?

Social Factors

  • Which countries are the poorest?
  • Who needs our help most?
  • Are they facing a major humanitarian crisis and lives are at risk e.g. famine, floods?
why do countries give aid1
Why Do Countries Give Aid?

Economic Factors

  • How is our economy doing – can we afford to help?
  • Can they pay back a loan?
  • Do they have natural resources e.g. metals that we could gain in return?
why do countries give aid2
Why Do Countries Give Aid?

Political Factors

Is the country democratic or ruled by a dictator?

Is the country at war and it’s too dangerous to send aid?

Is the country hostile to our allies (friendly countries)?

Is the country unpopular with voters?

bilateral aid1
Bilateral Aid

Activities:

Complete Activities 1-2 on page 16 of your textbook.

Using the following headings make your own notes on the reasons why countries give aid.

* Social Factors

* Economic Factors

* Political Factors

uk aid to african countries
UK Aid to African Countries

Aims:

Examine the role that the Department for International Development plays in helping poor countries.

slide15

UK Department For International Development [DFID]

Andrew Mitchell is currently the Secretary of State for International Development

uk aid
UK Aid

Activities:

Read pages 18-19 of your textbook.

Complete Activities 2-6 on page 19 of your textbook.

multi lateral aid un
Multi-LateralAid - UN

Aims:

  • Identify the aims of the United Nations and its Specialised Agencies.
multi lateral aid the un
Multi-lateral Aid – The UN
  • The UN was set up in 1945 by 50 countries.
  • Its aim is to encourage countries in the world to work together to improve the conditions of people in the world.
  • Today over 127 countries are members of the UN.
  • The UN works through SPECIALISED AGENCIES to help developing countries.
multi lateral aid the un1
Multi-lateral Aid – The UN

Copy the diagram from page 20 of your textbook on the main UN agencies.

Underneath each UN agency write a sentence which explains the main function of this agency.

Use the information on page 21 to help you.

Now complete the activities on pages 24-25 of your textbook.

Collect a map of Africa – shade in the countries where UN agencies have been working.

un agencies current examples
UN Agencies – Current Examples

UNICEF - Malawi

  • Project to treat 3,500 children with malnutrition each month.
  • Medical training for health workers/medicines provided.
  • Feeding programme for under 5s and pregnant mothers.
  • School feeding programme for 500,000 primary children.
un agencies current examples1
UN Agencies – Current Examples

UNICEF - Uganda

  • Campaign to encourage 1.3 million children to attend school.
  • Provided 13,000 teachers, writing materials, sports equipment.
  • Also provides hygiene supplies e.g. soap, toothpaste.
un agencies current examples2
UN Agencies – Current Examples

World Health Organisation (WHO) –

Guinea

  • Set up health care centres in local communities.
  • Children can be immunised against killer diseases/given vitamins.
  • Gives people access to a doctor and basic health care.
un agencies current examples3
UN Agencies – Current Examples

Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) –

Ethiopia – Seeds, Crops, Livestock

Increase seed supplies for farmers affected by drought.

Sheep/goat fattening project to increase profits for farmers.

Improve water supplies to increase crop yields.

Help to control desert locusts which can devastate crops.

un agencies current examples4
UN Agencies – Current Examples

Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)

Ethiopia – Food Supply

We Are the Future (WAF) child centres to provide gardening, nutrition and health programmes to give children skills to grow food.

Vegetable gardens to provide women with HIV/AIDS with good nutrition.

un agencies current examples5
UN Agencies – Current Examples

World Food Programme

Burkina Faso – food voucher programme – helps poor to purchase food and local producers get a decent price.

Kenya – Schools Meals Programme for 650,000 children. Feeding programme for refugees from Somalia and Sudan, who are living in camps.

Ethiopia – providing food for Ethiopian government to deliver to people affected by drought and famine. School Meals Programme.

un agencies in action
UN Agencies in Action
  • Shade in the following countries where UN agencies are working:
  • Malawi
  • Uganda
  • Guinea
  • Ethiopia
  • Burkina Faso
  • Kenya