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ONE PLANET ONE NETWORK. A MILLION POSSIBILITIES. Pacific Rim Networking Meeting February 22, 2002. Agenda. AMPATH Summary – A collaberative effort with Global Crossing and FIU The Global Crossing Network WaveLengths IP Network IP Transit

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    1. ONE PLANET ONE NETWORK A MILLION POSSIBILITIES Pacific Rim Networking Meeting February 22, 2002

    2. Agenda • AMPATH Summary – A collaberative effort with Global Crossing and FIU • The Global Crossing Network • WaveLengths • IP Network • IP Transit • IP VPN Express Route ™ • Global Introduction of Global Crossing’s Research Network Connection Program

    3. AMPATHCurrent Networks Connected • REUNA – Chile • RETINA – Argentina • RNP – Brazil (Rio) • FAPESP / ANSP – Brazil (Sao Paulo) – 2 connections: DS3, STM-1 (IP VPN Express Route) • StarTap / StarLight: (IP VPN ExpressRoute – GE with OC3 MPLS path) • Internet 2 • S. Florida GigaPOP, Florida International University U of Miami, FAU • Other Latin America Networks soon

    4. Other Other Access Alternatives Dial Traffic Aggregation Managed Services Dial DSL DSL Dedicated Internet ATM Traditional Voice Content Hosting & Distribution IP VPN (IPSC) Interconnection & Peering IRU Capacity IP-VPN (MPLS-Based) Private Line ATM Content Distribution SDH Frame Relay IP Transit Wavelength Service ATM SDH IP Service Node IP Voice SDH SONET DWDM Fiber Network Core IP Network Multi-Service Network (ATM) Product Hierarchy All of Global Crossing Products are transported over the Dense Wave Division Multiplexing (DWDM) optical layer


    6. PEC AC-2 AC-1 North American Crossing PC-1 MAC EAC PAC SAC Global PL POPs: 280 Europe UK (104), Dublin, Stockholm, Malmo, Gothenberg, Oslo, Copenhagen x 2, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Berlin, Cologne, Dresden, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt x 2, Hamburg x 2, Hannover, Leipzig, Munich Nuremberg, Strasbourg-Kehl, Stuttgart, Zurich, Milan, Turin, Paris x 3, Lyon, Marseilles Antwerp , Brussels x 2, Madrid, Barcelona, London x 2 Geneva 120 143 North America 118 US POPs, Toronto, Montreal TECOTA/ Miami 6 Asia Hong Kong, Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, Sydney Taipei Seoul, Korea Singapore Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Manila, Philippines LA&C Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, Lima, Caracas, Mexico City, Tijuana, Guadalajara, Monterrey Panama City St. Croix Bogota, Cali, Colombia 11 Available Planned GLOBAL PRIVATE LINE


    8. Harbour Pointe Seattle North American Crossing Ajigaura Nagoya Grover Beach Los Angeles Tokyo Osaka Shima EAC PAC Legend Landing Stations Cities Connected (Backhaul) Connecting Systems

    9. East-Asia Crossing PC-1 Korea Ajigaura Shima Tokyo China PC-1 Hong Kong Taiwan Japan: Today Hong Kong: Today Korea (Seoul) 1Q/02 Taiwan: 1Q/02 Singapore: 2Q/02 Kuala Lumpur: 2Q/02 Philippines Malaysia Legend Landing Points 2.5 Gig Wave Cities 10 Gig Wave Cities Planned Wave Cities Singapore

    10. Stockholm Oslo Gothenburg AC-1 Glasgow Edinburgh Malmo Copenhagen Sylt Leads Dublin Liverpool Nottingham Hamburg Beverwijk Birmingham Manchester Berlin Amsterdam Hannover London (Dock.) Bristol Dusseldorf Rotterdam Bude Cologne Dresden Antwerp AC-2 London (Slough) Frankfurt Leipzig Whitesands Strasbourg Nuremberg Brussels Reading Chineham Munich Stuttgart Paris AC-1 Zurich Geneva Lyon Milan Turin Marseilles Legend Barcelona Landing Points 2.5 Gig Wave Cities 10 Gig Wave Cities Madrid Pan European Crossing

    11. Unprotected, bi-directional point to point service for data centric customers • 2.5 & 10Gbps services • Standards-based SDH/SONET Framed Signal • Transports SONET/SDH, IP, ATM applications over Wavelengths • DWDM based solution using best-in-class partners Lucent, Hitachi, Nortel… Fully deployed global network – Asia to N. America to Europe • Europe, Trans-Atlantic, N America, Trans-Pacific – Ready For Service • Asia, S America available 1Q 2002 • Strategic alternative to dark fiber and protected private line • Eliminates redundant protection schemes enabling customers to leverage in-house networking expertise and applications hardware • Economics – CapEx and OpEx savings versus network/infrastructure development • Speed to market – reduces network deployment from years to days • Scalable Solution – supports cost-effective capacity on demand • Access Solutions • Global Colocation in 50+ cities and Mid-Span Meet capability • Third-Party & On-Net Metro premise solutions – general availability 1Q 2002

    12. ONE PLANET ONE NETWORK A MILLION POSSIBILITIES The way to the future Global Crossing IP VPN ServiceTM

    13. IP Nodes Tokyo Seoul Hong Kong Singapore Taipei Osaka Nagoya Sydney IP Nodes London Frankfurt Hamburg Paris Copenhagen Amsterdam Zurich Milan Connectivity Madrid Stockholm Dublin Rotterdam Brussels Marseilles Barcelona Lyon Oslo Stockholm Berlin Connectivity Lima Caracas Santiago Rio De Janeiro Monterrey IP Nodes Sao Paulo Buenos Aires Mexico City Panama City The Global Crossing Network PEC AC-2 AC-1 North American Crossing PC-1 MAC EAC PAC SAC Based on announced network

    14. Peering Partners North American Internet Backbone Amsterdam Customer Networks The Global Crossing IP Network AS 3549 Asia/Pacific Internet Backbone Peering Partners European Internet Backbone Peering Partners Customer Networks South/Central American Internet Backbone Tokyo London Peering Partners Customer Networks Peering Partners Peering Partners Customer Networks Sao Paulo Customer Networks Mexico New York Customer Networks Customer Networks L.A. Peering Partners

    15. North AmericaAverage Latency 39.64 ms Average Packet Loss 0.00 % EuropeAverage Latency 11.28 ms Average Packet Loss 0.00 % TransAtlanticAverage Latency 74.00 ms Average Packet Loss 0.00 % Real Time Performance: Fri Nov 9 19:13:44 GMT 2001 Current Network Performance Latency: the roundtrip time a packet travels between two designated sites. Packet Loss: the percentage of packets lost in transmission.

    16. North American IP Backbone Small IP Hub IP Hub IP Hub and Peering Center IP Over DWDM (OC48/OC192) IP Over SONET (OC3 and up) Seattle Minneapolis Detroit Rochester Chicago Boston Kansas City Denver New York City Cleveland San Francisco Tokyo Philadelphia Colorado Washington Amsterdam Las Vegas Raleigh London Los Angeles Phoenix Albuquerque Atlanta Dallas San Diego Tucson Houston Austin Orlando Sydney Tampa Panama Mexico Miami Sao Paulo Caracas Mexico

    17. Large IP POP’s and peering locations IP connections pop’s IP over SDH (STM1 and up) IP over DWDM (STM16 and up) European IP Network Stockholm Oslo Gothenburg Edinburgh Glasgow Copenhagen NYC on AC1 and AC2 Total bandwidth: 10 Gbps Amsterdam Dublin Leeds Hamburg Liverpool Hanover Berlin Birmingham Manchester London Dusseldorf Bristol Rotterdam Dresden Cologne Leipzig Antwerp Brussels Frankfurt Prague Nuremberg Stuttgart Vienna Strasbourg Munich Paris Zurich Geneva Lyon Milan Bordeaux Florence Turin Marseilles Bilbao Rome Barcelona Madrid Valencia

    18. East Asia IP Network Expansion Japan Korea Seattle China Taiwan Hong Kong Los Angeles IP POP’s IP POP’s, End Q2 2002 IP over DWDM, STM-4 IP over SDH (STM1 and up) Phase 2, 2002 Philippines Malaysia Singapore Sydney

    19. LA NYC NYC Miami Mexico City Panama Cartegena Valencia Medellin Bogota Cali South American IP Network Expansion Quito Guayaquil Lima Brasilia Belo Horizonte IP POP’s Backhaul Pops IP over DWDM, STM-4 IP over SDH (STM1 and up) Rio de Janeiro Santos Sao Paulo Curitiba Porto Alegre Cordoba Mendoza Santiago Rosario Montevideo Buenos Aires Punta del Este Las Toninas

    20. IP Transit Pricing • Two pricing models: • Fixed Fee - pricing depends on access bandwidth • Access port with guaranteed bandwidth • Access bandwidth is maximum bandwidth • Price is fixed per month • Common outside US-Region • Variable (also known as “burstable”) - pricing depends partly on committed access and also on usage if usage exceeds committed • Customer commits to a certain bandwidth, access port bandwidth will be higher then committed • If necessary customer can burst above committed up to access port bandwidth • Billing based on 95/5 usage • Monthly price will vary based on actual usage Local Loops or IPL access priced separately

    21. IP Backbone Architecture • OC-48/OC192 IP over dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) • Most competitors run IP over ATM • IP direct over DWDM provides improved throughput and enhanced scalability • IP over ATM creates approx. 15% overhead when encapsulating IP into ATM cells (known as “cell tax”). Running IP direct over DWDM avoids this overhead. • MPLS • Enables “IP Tunnels” for improved bandwidth management • Reduced “hops” on the network • Improved performance reliability

    22. ExpressRoute IP VPN™ Network GLOBAL CROSSING MPLS / IP BACKBONE CUSTOMER SITE “A” CUSTOMER SITE “B” MPLS TUNNEL MESH IP Traffic IP Traffic Global Crossing ExpressRoute IP VPN™ Service

    23. ExpressRoute IP VPN™ Availability via Global Crossing Private Line PoPS Asia/Pacific • Australia • China • Hong Kong • Japan • Malaysia • Philippines • Singapore • Korea (South) • New Zealand • Taiwan Europe / Middle East • Belgium • Denmark • France • Germany • Ireland • Italy • Netherlands • Norway • Spain • Sweden • Switzerland • UK Americas • Argentina • Brazil • Canada • Chile • Mexico • Panama • Peru • Venezuela • USA 30 Countries Worldwide

    24. ExpressRoute IP VPNTM Trans-Atlantic 85 ms Intra-Europe 45 ms Intra-North America 75 ms Intra-South America 170 ms Trans-Pacific 150 ms Intra-Asia 140 ms Latency (Round Trip Transit Delay)

    25. Global Crossing IP Network Differentiation • Fully Redundant IP Hub Designs • Minimized ‘single point of failure’ • Multiple ingress/egress paths for IP traffic • Multiple data paths within the hub • Multiple power supplies in router and switch chassis • Multiple power feeds (AC) or 48VDC where available • First Carrier to Deploy MPLS Globally into Production Environment • First Carrier to create a fully-meshed World-Wide MPLS network

    26. US and worldwide Internet Networks European North American AS 3549 Asia/Pacific Internet Backbone Internet Backbone Internet Backbone MPLS connection South/Central American Amsterdam Internet Backbone Tokyo Other European Internet Networks Other Asian/Pacific Internet Networks Other South-American Internet Networks One Network, One AS First Carrier to deploy fully-meshed global MPLS network into production for 25% increase in data delivery efficiency

    27. Global Crossing’s Research Network Connection Program • Based on Global Crossing’s IP VPN Express Route ™ Service and IP Transit • Express Route is a fully meshed, MPLS based Global IP network that provides “any to any” connectivity, thus, • Research Traffic is segregated from commercial traffic with express delivery to research network peering points • Single local loop for best economics: IP Transit / Express Route

    28. Global Crossing’s Research Network Connection Program • Ability to create Layer 2 and Layer 3 IP VPN’s • Allows for the creation of Extranets with other NREN partners, IPv4 & IPv6 supported • High performance, GigE speeds with SLA for Latency, Packet Loss, and Availability • “Any to Any” is ideal for both short term and long term projects

    29. Global Crossing’s Research Network Connection Program • Several NREN’s are already utilizing this service/technology, Such as Fapesp, AMPATH, and a major European NREN with connectivity to StarLight/Startap, thus, direct connectivity to these networks is easily facilitated. • Special pricing has been developed. Either pay only for actual bandwidth used (usage based) or a custom Flat Rate to meet budget requirements

    30. THANK YOU Discussion / Questions