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Thomas Schaaf UNESCO Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB) PowerPoint Presentation
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Thomas Schaaf UNESCO Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Global Change in Mountain Regions (GLOCHAMORE). Thomas Schaaf UNESCO Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). Why mountains? Have a varied system of different ecosystems and habitats (altitude, exposition, gradient);

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slide1

Global Change in Mountain Regions (GLOCHAMORE)

Thomas Schaaf

UNESCO

Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences

Programme on Man and the Biosphere

(MAB)

slide3

Why mountains?

  • Have a varied system of different ecosystems and habitats (altitude, exposition, gradient);
  • Fragile ecosystems (erosion, land degradation);
  •  excellent indicators for studying and monitoring climate change

temp.

Alpine zone

Temperate zone

Sub-tropical zone

Tropical zone

slide4

Mountain biosphere reserves as

  • monitoring sites for global change:
  • contain protected areas (natural or near-natural environments);
  • contain areas that are economically used;
  • most BRs dispose of long-term climatic data and species list;
  • BRs contain also people  impact of global change on human societies;
  • Partnership of biosphere reserve managers and scientists.
slide5

Global Change in

  • Mountain Regions (GLOCHAMORE)
  • Setting up a world-wide network of mountain biosphere reserves to study global change;
  • Bringing together global change researchers and protected area managers;
  • sponsored by European Commission; MRI; and
  • UNESCO
slide6

Objectives:

  • To understand the causes and impacts of Global Change in mountain regions;
  •  Focus on the consequences of global change for the biophysical environment and for human societies
slide8

Mountain biosphere reserves /

  • world heritage sites as study areas
  • North America:
  • Canada: Mount Arrowsmith BR (1,817)
  • USA: Glacier National Park BR (3,185m)
  • USA: Niwot Ridge BR (3,780m)
  • USA: Denali BR (6,194m)
  • Latin America:
  • Chile: Araucarias BR (3,124m)
  • Chile: Torres del Paine BR (3,050m)
  • Colombia: Cinturón Andino BR (5,750m)
  • Peru: Huascaran BR (6,768m)
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Africa:

  • Kenya: Mount Kenya BR (5,199m)
  • Morocco: Oasis du Sud BR (4,071m)
  • South Africa : Kruger to Canyons BR (2,050m)
  • Asia-Pacific:
  • Australia: Kosciuszko BR (2,228m)
  • China: Changbaishan BR (2,691m)
  • India: Nanda Devi BR (7,800m).
  • Kyrgyzstan: Issyk-Kul BR (7,439m)
  • Mongolia: Uvs Nuur Basin BR (3,966m)
  • Russian Federation: Katunsky BR (4,506m);
  • Sikhote-Alinsky BR (1,600m)
slide10

Europe:

  • Austria: Gossenköller See (2,828m)
  • & Gurgler Kamm BRs (3,400m)
  • Germany: Berchtesgaden Alps BR (2,713m)
  • Spain: Sierra Nevada BR (3,482m)
  • Sweden: Lake Torne BR (1,610m)
  • Switzerland: Entlebuch BR (2,350m)
  • Switzerland: Swiss National Park (3,174m)
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European Commission

  • Result:
  • Research strategy
  • worked out for
  • application in
  • the Americas
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Africa
  • Europe