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Coloring Part 1. Coloring the Periodic Table Families. Mr. Bean, Discovery Science. Directions. Obtain a periodic table or download it Read through the PowerPoint and color as indicated Answer post-project questions sheet. Get from Mr. Bean. Period and Groups.

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Coloring the Periodic Table Families


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Presentation Transcript
directions
Directions

Obtain a periodic table or download it

Read through the PowerPoint and color as indicated

Answer post-project questions sheet. Get from Mr. Bean

period and groups
Period and Groups

When a column goes from top to bottom, it's called a group. The elements in a group have the same number of electrons in their outer orbital (Valence).

When you look at a periodic table, each of the rows is considered to be a different period

reactivity
Reactivity

Alkali Metals and Halogens are very reactive because they have either 1 or 7 valence electrons

families on the periodic table
Families on the Periodic Table
  • Elements on the periodic table can be grouped into families bases on their chemical properties.
  • Each family has a specific name to differentiate it from the other families in the periodic table.
  • Elements in each family

react differently with

other elements.

alkali metals
ALKALI METALS

Group 1

  • Hydrogen is not a member, it is a non-metal
  • 1 electron in the outer shell
  • Soft and silvery metals
  • Very reactive, esp. with water
  • Conduct electricity
  • Color Light Blue

Image: http://www.learner.org/interactives/periodic/groups2.html

alkaline earth metals
ALKALINE EARTH METALS

Group 2

  • 2 electrons in the outer shell
  • White and malleable
  • Reactive, but less than Alkali metals
  • Conduct electricity
  • Color Dark Green
transition metals
TRANSITION METALS

Groups 3- 12

  • Good conductors of heat and electricity.
  • Some are used for jewelry.
  • The transition metals are able to put up to 32 electrons in their second to last shell.
  • Can bond with many elements in a variety of shapes.
  • Color Dark Blue
boron family
BORON FAMILY

Group 13

  • 3 electrons in the outer shell
  • Most are metals
  • Boron is a metalloid
  • Color Red
carbon family
CARBON FAMILY

Group 14

  • 4 electrons in the outer shell
  • Contains metals, metalloids, and a non-metal Carbon (C)
  • Color Yellow
nitrogen family
NITROGEN FAMILY

Group 15

  • 5 electrons in the outer shell
  • Can share electrons to form compounds
  • Contains metals, metalloids, and non-metals
  • Color Bright Green
oxygen family
OXYGEN FAMILY

Group 16

  • 6 electrons in the outer shell
  • Contains metals, metalloids, and non-metals
  • Reactive
  • Color ORANGE
halogens
Halogens

Group 17

  • 7 electrons in the outer shell
  • All are non-metals
  • Very reactive are often bonded with elements from Group 1
  • Color Yellow
noble gases
Noble Gases

Group 18

  • Exist as gases
  • Non-metals
  • 8 electrons in the outer shell = Full
  • Helium (He) has only 2 electrons in the outer shell = Full
  • Not reactive with other elements
  • Color Grey
rare earth metals
Rare Earth Metals
  • Some are Radioactive
  • The rare earths are silver, silvery-white, or gray metals.
  • Conduct electricity
  • Color Violet
coloring part 2 color by type
Coloring Part 2: Color by Type
  • Get another Periodic Table
  • Color Code the periodic table as below
  • Make a key or legend as seen below
the end turn in periodic table answer post project questions when completed
The End

Turn in periodic table

Answer post-project questions when completed