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Effectiveness of Surmount on Black Brush and Mixed Brush . Donnie Montemayor County Extension Agent-Ag Bee County . Result Demonstration: Summary.
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County Extension Agent-Ag
Five different herbicide treatments were evaluated on the AD Walker Ranch in Western Bee County near the Mineral Community. Evaluation in October of 2005 indicated that the best treatment for the efficacy of Surmount on Black Brush was Surmount @ 6 pt./ ac. Prior to the treatment in the fall of 2004 , the black brush and mixed species had been shredded. At the time of the treatment there was numerous multi-stemmed plants, making foliar spraying the only logical approach in chemical brush suppression.
Beef cattle producers continue to deal with re-infestation of brush plants in improved pastures that have been previously cleared. Many pastures in the Bee County area use shredding as a form of brush control. The shredding only makes it more of a challenge due to maintenance of equipment, fuel and labor costs.
5 herbicide treatments were applied to re-growth black brush on October 15th, 2004 with soil conditions considered to be wet. 2 replications were used. Plot size was .4 ac. The temperature was 73 degrees, with 50% relative humidity. Wind direction was from the north west. The soil in the treated area was a sandy loam soil. Equipment used to apply the herbicide treatments included a tractor /boom sprayer.
20 gal/ac. of water was used as the carrier, and a .25% agricultural surfactant was used with no die added.
Active Ingredient:picloram + fluroxypyr
The best results in this particular test were seen with the 3rd treatment using 6 pts. of Surmount. Moreover, black brush and other south Texas brush that have been in a management system that includes shredding, have developed a large root making complete kill almost impossible after one application. Thus, additional treatments are required, which increases the cost of the chemical treatment.
Due to the lack of data on Surmount, more demonstrations are needed.
Appreciation is expressed to Mr. A.D. Walker for providing the pasture in conducting the test. Also appreciation is expressed to Mr. Rudy Alaniz, and Mike Hiller for installing the treatments and to Dr. Wayne Hanselka for his support in organizing the demonstration and development of the plot plan.