participial phrase n.
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分詞片語( Participial Phrase )的標點方式 PowerPoint Presentation
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eliana-pickett

分詞片語( Participial Phrase )的標點方式 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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分詞片語( Participial Phrase )的標點方式
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  1. 分詞片語(Participial Phrase)的標點方式 1. 非限定分詞片語的標點方式︰ (1)非限定分詞片語︰分詞片語是用來補充說明特定對象或整句所指之事或情境,即使該分詞片語不存在,亦不影響全句意義,不會令人對主要表達之意有所誤解或產生模糊不清之意。

  2. The blue book borrowed from Lisa is very interesting. • 限定分詞片語,表示有不止一本藍色的書,在此是限定跟Lisa藉的那本非常有趣。 • The blue book, borrowed from Lisa, is very interesting. • 非限定分詞片語,表示只有一本藍色的書,在此是補充說明該書是跟Lisa藉的。

  3. (2)非限定分詞片語置於句中,其前後均必須加上“,”。(2)非限定分詞片語置於句中,其前後均必須加上“,”。 • Mammoth (長毛象), Yukagir (尤卡基爾)and Oymiakon(歐米亞空), found in Siberia(西伯利亞), has been exhibited in Chiang Kai Shek (C.K.S.) Memorial Hall from July 11 to November 4, 2008. (3)非限定分詞片語置於句尾,其前面必須加上“,”之後再加“‧” • She is a productive writer, amounting on an average to ten million words a year.

  4. 2. 分詞片語置於句首,其後必須加上“,”再加主要子句,此時的分詞片語是代替合句(Compound Sentence)。合句(Compound Sentence)中同一主詞同時發生二個動作,其中任一動作均可改分詞片語,主動的用現在分詞片語,被動的用過去分詞片語,此乃為增加文章裡句型的變化。

  5. Looking at her son, she asked why the mirror was broken. • =She looked at her son, and asked why the mirror was broken. • =She looked at her son, asking why the mirror was broken.

  6. 《註》句尾的分詞片語不一定是非限定分詞片語或由合句(二動作同時發生)改變而來,有時也為第一個動作的結果(此狀況通常將第二個動作改為分詞片語)。《註》句尾的分詞片語不一定是非限定分詞片語或由合句(二動作同時發生)改變而來,有時也為第一個動作的結果(此狀況通常將第二個動作改為分詞片語)。 • The policeman fired, killed the robber. (殺了搶匪是開槍的結果)