Mexico and the united states
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Mexico and the United States. Comparing the Three Branches Joe Johnson Tommy Thompson Sally Sanders. The Legislative Branch by Joe Johnson. Similarities - Structure. Bicameral Legislatures – Senate and Chamber of Deputies Two Senators represent each state

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Mexico and the united states

Mexico and the United States

Comparing the Three Branches

Joe Johnson

Tommy Thompson

Sally Sanders

The legislative branch by joe johnson
The Legislative BranchbyJoe Johnson

Similarities structure
Similarities - Structure

  • Bicameral Legislatures – Senate and Chamber of Deputies

  • Two Senators represent each state

  • Equal representation + proportional representation

Similarities powers
Similarities - Powers

  • Pass laws, impose taxes, declare war

  • Approve treaties and confirm presidential appointments (Senate)

  • Committees study and recommend bills

Other similarities
Other Similarities

  • Chamber of Deputies = House of Representatives – initiates all budget matters

  • Has the power to impeach and remove the President

Differences terms of office
Differences – Terms of Office


Senate = 6 year terms/House = 2 year term

No term limits

Senate = 6 years/Chamber of Deputies = 3 years

May not serve consecutive terms

United States

Differences representation
Differences - Representation


Senate = equal representation

House = proportional representation

Both Houses have a mix of equal and proportional representation

United States

Differences legislation
Differences – Legislation


Most legislation introduced by Congress

Up to 90% of legislation proposed by the President

United States

The executive branch by tommy thompson
The Executive BranchbyTommy Thompson

Similarities duties
Similarities – Duties

  • Serves as both Chief of State and Head of Government

  • Appoints cabinet members and federal judges

Similarities powers1
Similarities - Powers

  • Meets with leaders of other nations

  • Makes treaties and handles foreign policy

Similarities qualifications
Similarities – Qualifications

  • Must be a native born citizen

  • Must be at least 35 years old

Differences terms of office1
Differences – Terms of Office


Serves a 4 year term of office

May be elected to two terms

Serves one 6 year term

May not be re-elected

United States

Differences election and succession
Differences – Election and Succession


Elected by the Electoral Vote (must have majority)

Succeeded by a Vice-President

Elected by a Popular Vote (no majority is necessary)

No Vice-President (Congress chooses and interim President)

United States

Differences powers and party
Differences – Powers and Party


Less influence over Congress and state governors

Two-party system = Democrats & Republicans

A great deal of influence over Congress and state governors

One dominant political party = PRI

United States

The judicial branch by sally sanders
The Judicial BranchbySally Sanders

Similarities structure1
Similarities – Structure

  • One Supreme Court

  • Several different levels of courts

Similarities nomination and term of office
Similarities – Nomination and Term of Office

  • Justices nominated by the President and approved by the Senate

  • Serve for life

Similarities judicial system
Similarities – Judicial System

  • Different levels include district courts and circuit courts

  • Justices can be impeached

Differences number of justices
Differences – Number of Justices


Nine justices make up the Supreme Court

Supreme Court of Justice includes 21 ministers or judges

United States

Differences requirements
Differences – Requirements


No specific requirements to be a Supreme Court Justice

Must be citizens by birth, thirty-five to sixty-fiver years old, and hold a law degree

United States

Differences judicial system
Differences – Judicial System


Supreme Court

Courts of Appeals

District Courts

Supreme Court of Justice

Collegiate Circuit Courts

Unitary Circuit Courts

District Courts

United States


  • CIA World Factbook:

  • Library of Congress Country Studies:

  • At least one other source: