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Fall Semester final exam review. Geller’s Fantastic Freshmen December 2013. Literary Terms. 1. An imaginative attempt to explain the universe, its creation and workings is known as a MYTH

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fall semester final exam review

Fall Semester final exam review

Geller’s Fantastic Freshmen

December 2013

literary terms
Literary Terms
  • 1. An imaginative attempt to explain the universe, its creation and workings is known as a MYTH
  • 2. A comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” is a SIMILE3. A figure of speech that compares two things without using “like” or “as” is a METAPHOR
  • 4. A long, narrative poem about the journey of a hero is an EPIC
literary terms1
Literary Terms
  • 5. The use of language that appeals to the five senses is IMAGERY
  • 6. The use of words that sound like the noises they describe is ONOMATOPOEIA
  • 7. A type of figurative language in which human qualities are given to nonhuman things is PERSONIFICATION
  • 8. The person who faces trials and enemies while struggling on an epic journey [the protagonist of an epic] is an EPIC HERO
  • 9. The Greek words for excessive pride and arrogance [Odysseus’s tragic flaw] is HUBRIS
applying literary terms
Applying Literary Terms
  • Characteristics of an Epic:
    • Long narrative poem about the journey of a hero
    • Hero faces external conflict in the form of monsters, enemies, and other perils
    • Hero often has supernatural assistance/help from the gods
    • Hero has a flaw that often gets him into trouble
    • Consist of formulaic lines that are often repeated
    • Used to teach the values and virtues of a culture
applying literary terms1
Applying Literary Terms
  • 11. “Cries burst from both, as keen and fluttering/as those of a great taloned hawk…” (SIMILE)
  • 12. “Dawn with her fingertips of rose…” (PERSONIFICATION)
  • 13. “So with our brand we bored that great eye socket…” (IMAGERY)
  • 14. A struggle within a character’s mind=INTERNAL CONFLICT
applying literary terms2
Applying Literary Terms
  • 15. Thudding=ONOMATOPOEIA
  • 16. REPETITION
  • 17.Main character=PROTAGONIST
  • 18. EXTERNAL CONFLICT (Poseidon is an ANTAGONIST)
  • 19. We know something a character doesn’t=DRAMATIC IRONY
  • 20. Repetition of consonant sounds=ALLITERATION
applying literary terms3
Applying Literary Terms
  • Big Idea=THEME
    • In the Odyssey, major themes include:
      • Love
      • Loyalty
      • Honor
      • Pride
      • Revenge
      • Coming of age (Telemachus)
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Livid (adj): Very angry; discolored by bruising, pale
  • Apathy (n): Lack of feeling or emotion
  • Empathy (n) Identification with and understanding of another’s situation or feelings
  • Sympathy (n): Sorrow or the capacity to feel sorrow for another’s suffering or misfortune
  • Dregs (n): Matter that settles to the bottom of a body of liquid; the most undesirable part of something
more vocabulary
More Vocabulary
  • Aristocratic (adj): Having to do with the upper class or nobility; having an air of superiority
  • Robust (adj): Strong and healthy
  • Notorious (adj): Widely and unfavorably known; having a bad reputation
  • Riveted (adj/v): Fastened or fixed firmly; to attract and hold (as the attention) completely
  • Idleness (n): The state of being inactive; doing nothing
even more vocabulary
Even MORE Vocabulary!
  • Rogue (n): A dishonest or unprincipled person
  • Oracle (n): One who predicts the future
  • Profusion (n): An abundance or large quantity of something
  • Din (n): A commotion; lots of loud noise
  • Guile (n): Cleverness, craftiness
  • Muster (v): To collect or assemble
  • Dismember (v): To remove the limbs (from a person or animal)
still more vocabulary
Still more vocabulary
  • Discord (n): Lack of agreement
  • Appalled (v): Greatly dismayed or horrified
  • Ponderous (adj): Heavy, burdensome
when i think about myself
“When I Think About Myself”
  • “My life is one great big joke” (METAPHOR)
  • “I almost laugh myself to death” (HYPERBOLE)
  • “A dance that walked; a song that spoke” (PERSONIFICATION)
o captain my captain
“O Captain! My Captain!”
  • “For you the flag is flung” (ALLITERATION)
  • “Fallen cold and dead” at the end of each stanza (REPETITION)
echo and narcissus
“Echo and Narcissus”
  • This Greek myth tells the story of Echo, a beautiful nymph who can only repeat what others say. She loves Narcissus, but Narcissus only loves himself.
  • Narcissus leans over the water, staring at his own reflection. He falls in and drowns. Echo dies of a broken heart
  • The flower that grew where he died is called the Narcissus.
  • The word “narcissistic” means self-absorbed.
an ancient gesture
“An Ancient Gesture”
  • The speaker, like Penelope in the Odyssey, is waiting for her husband to return
  • The “ancient gesture” is the wiping away of tears
excerpt from the jungle
Excerpt from The Jungle
  • This brief excerpt describes shockingly disgusting conditions in a meat packing plant
  • “The moon is a white sliver” (METAPHOR)
  • A good transition to use here would be “in addition” or “furthermore”
  • “As good as new” (SIMILE)
  • Short works (songs, poems, short stories) get “quotation marks”
  • Long works (novels, plays, newspapers) get underlined or italicized
grammar and conventions
Grammar and Conventions
  • Commonly confused words:
    • There—in that place, also “there is/there are”
    • Their—shows possession
    • They’re—they are
    • Too—also, excessively (too much, too many)
    • To—preposition and used with verb to form infinitive (I am going to the store; I love to dance)
    • Two—the number 2
grammar and conventions1
Grammar and Conventions
  • Combining sentences
    • Subordinating conjunction:
      • I left. I was tiredI left because I was tired.
      • Tessa could do just about any math problem. She was given an exampleTessa could do just about any math problem when she was given an example
    • Comma and coordinating conjunction:
      • I am tired. I am happyI am tired, but I am happy.
    • Semicolon:
      • I thought I saw Brittany. Wasn’t she here today?I thought I saw Brittany; wasn’t she here today?
grammar and conventions2
Grammar and Conventions
  • Fragments: No subject, no verb, or neither:
    • After the assembly. Because I love you. Running for his life. Elizabeth and her cousins.
  • Run-ons: Two independent clauses connected without a conjunction or semicolon:
    • He is my dentist, he cleans my teeth. I am not studying for this test it is ridiculous.
a country cottage
“A Country Cottage”
  • “The moon peeped up from the drifting cloudlets and frowned…” (PERSONIFICATION)
  • “The still air was heavy with the fragrance of lilac and wild cherry” (IMAGERY)
  • “It all seems like a dream…” (SIMILE)
  • Sasha is struggling with the idea that his family and relations won’t fit comfortably in his cozy little cottage. (INTERNAL CONFLICT)
  • The moon was “glad she had no relations;” the sweetness of young love can turn bitter when relatives arrive!
night
Night
  • Time period: WWII
  • The memoir’s title is symbolic of the despondency of the prisoners, the protagonist’s despair and hopelessness, a dark period in human history, and the human capacity for evil.
  • Moche the Beadle is the first to bring news of mass executions back to Sighet; he is able to escape the SS by playing dead
  • The Jews of Sighet were deported by cattle car in 1943; Elie was finally liberated from the concentration camp in 1945.
excerpt from i am a rock
Excerpt from “I Am a Rock”

A winters day

In a deep and dark December (ALLITERATION)

I am alone, gazing from my window to the streets below

On a freshly fallen silent shroud of snow

I am a rock; I am an island (METAPHOR)

  • First person point of view
  • Toneattitude and emotions conveyed (sad, mournful, isolated)
even more vocabulary1
Even MORE Vocabulary
  • Ubiquitous: Everywhere; ever-present
  • Memoir: First-person narrative nonfiction (autobiography that focuses on a specific part of the author’s life)
  • Anti-Semitism: Prejudice against Jews
  • Obscurity: The condition of being unknown; darkness; dimness
  • Anecdote: A brief story
  • Erratic: Not regular or consistent
the last of the vocabulary
The last of the vocabulary
  • Expulsion: The process of driving or forcing out
  • Compensate: To make up for; repay for services
  • Eradicate: To eliminate, remove, or destroy completely
  • Fortify: To strengthen; build up