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Exploring American History. Unit VII- The Beginning of Modern America Chapter 23 Section 3 Americans in World War I. Americans in World War I. The Big Idea American troops helped the Allies achieve victory in World War I. Main Ideas

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Exploring American History

Unit VII- The Beginning of Modern America

Chapter 23 Section 3

Americans in World War I


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Americans in World War I

  • The Big Idea

  • American troops helped the Allies achieve victory in World War I.

  • Main Ideas

  • American soldiers started to arrive in Europe in 1917.

  • The Americans helped the Allies win the war.

  • Germany agreed to an armistice after suffering heavy losses.


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Main Idea 1: American soldiers started to arrive in Europe in 1917.

  • Americans joined the fight in Europe in 1917

  • American Expeditionary Force

    • General John J. Pershing


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Arriving in Europe

  • The first U.S. troops arrived in France in 1917 through a convoy system.

  • When America arrived, Germany occupied all of Belgium and part of France, and Russia struggled against famine and civil war.

  • If Russia fell.

  • General Pershing, however, wanted American troops to train and to fight separately .


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American Expeditionary Force (AEF)

May 1918

  • Doughboys-

  • Belleau Wood and Chateau-Thierry. Argonne Forest.

  • 85,000 American help save Paris

  • General John J. (Black Jack) Pershing has an army of 1/2 million on the Southern Front.

  • Oct. 1918- Battle of Sedan-

  • U.S. lost 50,280 men, and 25,000 to disease. 42,000 Black troop fought in French units.

  • Russia, England and France lost over 4 million total. 1 million other countries.

  • Armistice- November 11, 1918- 11th hour, 11th day of the 11th month.


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Russia Leaves the War

Revolution in Russia

  • November 1917: - Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian government.

  • Bolsheviks were Communists.

New Government

  • Vladimir Lenin

  • Knew the war had reached a desperate point

  • March 1918: Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Central Powers, taking itself out of World War I.


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American Soldiers Arrive

Recall- What were U.S. Troops known as?

Explain – What condition led to the Russian pullout?


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Main Idea 2:The Americans helped the Allies win the war.

  • With Russia gone, Germany planned to smash the stalemate.

  • July 1918– German forces launch final offensive- 2nd Battle of the Marne River

    • Terrible losses forced them to stop.

  • American troops helped force a major turning point in the war.


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Winning the War

Recall- Which side had an advantage after the Russian pullout?

Identify Cause and Effect – How did the Germans respond to the Russian pullout?


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Winning the War

Recall- When did Greece join the Allied Powers?

Evaluate – Why do you suppose the Allied victories happened in the same geographic location?


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Main Idea 3:Germany agreed to an armistice after suffering heavy losses.

  • More than 1 million U.S. troops in France

  • Began winning victories against German forces

  • By November 1918.


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Winning the War

Identify- What led to the death of German civilians near the end of the war?

Evaluate – Should the Kaiser have fled to the Netherlands? Explain.


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Germany Defeated

  • Germans were tired of war.

    • Food shortages

    • Riots and strikes

    • Shortage of soldiers

  • Germany’s allies were also eager to end the war.

  • German leader Kaiser Wilhelm II fled to Holland.

  • Armistice, or truce, on November 11, 1918.


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Armistice

Recall- What did the “Harlem Hellfighters” do that no other American force achieved?

Make Generalizations – What quality of the 369 Infantry caused France to award them the Croix de Guerre?


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