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Advanced Computer Group Meeting

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  1. Advanced Computer Group Meeting 21 January 2014 Phil VerityMike Hender Technology Directions in 2014

  2. Download this information from: http://www.hender.net/u3a NB: 15 MB

  3. What we’ll cover • The changing face of technology in the home • Desktop, Laptop, Tablet, Smartphone • What should I be getting? • Android or Apple • Which is the best? • In April, no more security updates for Windows XP and Office 2003 • What should I do? • Keeping your systems secure • What should I be using?

  4. The changing face of technology in the home

  5. Unsettling Observations • Sales of PCs have declined for the last 7 quarters • Windows 8 has not been well received • Smartphones and Tablets are everywhere • The majority of people in the UK are • On the internet • Buying stuff online • On Facebook or Twitter • Concerned about security

  6. Why would I want a Smartphone or Tablet? • Lightness, Size, Convenience • Stay connected wherever you are • Email anywhere • Camera always to hand • Read newspapers • Read books (Kindle) • Watch BBC iPlayer even on planes • Listen to Podcasts while travelling

  7. Age Distribution, Smartphones vs. Tablets Tablets: • Evening use, longer periods • More media and entertainment • Even Male/Female split • 7pm to 10pm use • Games popular

  8. What are Tablets best for? • ‘Lean Back’ devices • Consumption not Production • When travelling • ‘Second Screen’ • Newspapers • Books

  9. What are PCs best for? • ‘Lean Forward’ devices • Production not Consumption • In the home office • Composing longer emails • Word documents • Excel documents

  10. OK I’ve decided to buy a Tablet . . .

  11. How do I choose between the dozens of Brands? • Main decision is between Android and Apple ecosystems • Very early days for Windows ‘Surface’ • Apple iPads: ‘just work’, reliable, expensive • Android: huge variety shapes, sizes, quality, price • Apps now level pegging on the two platforms

  12. Apple vs. Android Primer

  13. Rival Ecosystems Microsoft Windows

  14. Rival Ecosystems Microsoft Windows Apple IOS

  15. Rival Ecosystems “But I want to use Google Maps and read Kindle eBooks on my iPad and share photos with my PC” Microsoft Windows Apple IOS Google Android

  16. Example: The Apple Ecosystem Anytime, Anywhere Photos, Videos, Documents, Share!

  17. Demo

  18. A short ‘Blue Sky’ detour on Google Search, Ads, Android, Play . . . + • Nest for $3Bn • 8 Robotics companies • Self-driving cars • Motorola • Gigabit internet access • Google Glass, Diabetes Contact Lenses • Google Loon • Google Calico Larry Page Vision

  19. So what’s driving these enormous market changes?First let’s define what we mean . . .

  20. Who Builds What?

  21. Who Builds What? Android

  22. Who Builds What? Android

  23. A Key Difference between Apple and Android ecosystems HTC ‘Skin’ Samsung ‘Skin’ Plus: Acer Amazon Archos Asus Barnes and Noble Sony Toshiba ViewSonic . . . Apple Software Android Software Android Software Apple Hardware HTC Hardware Samsung Hardware

  24. Android Ups • Lower cost • Huge choice of manufacturers and models • Market penetration • Easy to transfer files directly between PC and device • Easier to modify if you have the skill and inclination • Good choice of Apps

  25. Android Downs • Choice anxiety • Greater risk of malware • Many different user interfaces • Slow to upgrade to latest software • Who owns your problem? Google? Manufacturer? Phone company? Retailer? • Disjointed ecosystem

  26. Your Security Mobile Threat Report Q4 2012 by F-Secure Androidmalware . . . . . . In the fourth quarter alone, 96 new families and variants of Android threats were discovered, which almost doubles the number recorded in the previous quarter. . . . As for the other platforms, i.e., Blackberry, iOS (Apple), Windows Mobile, they may see some threats popping up once in a while. But most likely, the threats are intended for multiple platforms.

  27. Apple IoS Ups • Reliability and quality • Ease of use – ‘It just works’ • Bulletproof ecosystem • Still the largest choice of Apps • Fast problem fixes and upgrades • One company to deal with • Best customer service in the industry • Apple Stores

  28. Apple IoS Downs • More expensive • Simple file copy more difficult • Less ‘buzz’ – spend less on marketing • Less modifiable for those with the skill and inclination

  29. Conclusions – Android Buy Android if: • Low price is key • Friends and family have Android devices • Simple file transfer Which supplier? • Samsung, Nexus, HTC, Sony, Amazon* * Amazon not pure Android

  30. Conclusions – Apple Buy Apple if: • You value face-to-face customer service • Friends and family have iPhones and iPads • Simplicity of use • You’re prepared to pay a bit more

  31. Contract or PAYGO • Depends on your circumstance: contract cheaper up front, more expensive in the long term • Contract will lock you into one phone company for 18 – 24 months • PAYGO typically ‘unlocked’ and you can move phone companies when you want • PAYGO easier when you’re abroad and want to use a foreign (cheaper) SIM

  32. Where do I go for help? General • Google! Apple • Apple store • Watford is a good early morning mid-week • ‘The Square’ Eden Centre High Wycombe • Apple Web Site Android • Your retailer • (e.g. John Lewis, Carphone Warehouse, Vodafone, etc.)

  33. Windows XP

  34. The End of Support for Windows XP 8 April 2014

  35. End of Support Timetable • Windows XP . . . . 8 April 2014 • Office 2003. . . . . 8 April 2014 • Security Essentials 14 July 2015 • MSRT* . . . . . . . . . 14 July 2015 * Malicious Software Removal Tool

  36. Letter to the Guardian “I've just found out about, and am incensed at, Microsoft's decision to stop supporting Windows XP with security updates from April 8, 2014. What about the thousands of people who still happily use XP? I have two PCs (Dell and HP) that my family uses on a daily basis. It appears that I may be able to upgrade both PCs from Windows XP, but to what? Windows 7 or 8? Will this completely kill performance, as I assume Windows 7 and 8 are more resource hungry than XP!”Andy Roberts

  37. Jack Schofield replies “Windows XP support is ending as part of Microsoft's standard software lifecycle, and Microsoft has stepped up its warnings over the past year. I don't think you should be incensed, because you've had a very good deal. Dell and HP probably paid Microsoft about $45 each for these copies of XP. In return, you have had 10 or 12 years' use, three major updates -- Service Pack 1 (in 2002), SP2 (2004) and SP3 (2008) -- plus new browsers and other free programs such as the Windows Live Suite. However, in the 12 years since you bought your Dell, you haven't paid Microsoft a penny, so threatening to withdraw your custom isn't going to cut much ice.”

  38. Areas of Malware Attack Office Programmes (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) Browser (IE, Chrome, Firefox) Operating System (Win XP, Win 7, Win 8) All levels should be patched using the latest updates

  39. If you do nothing Windows XP won't suddenly stop working in April, but many people think it will come under attack. Malware writers will look at the security holes that get patched in supported versions of Windows and know that they are not patched in unsupported XP. That will make XP systems easy targets, but if you run Google Chrome (not IE8) and do plenty of anti-virus checking, you may survive.

  40. Upgrade Solution – 1 • Win 7 and 8 aren’t guaranteed to run on older systems because they require new hardware support features • Download the Windows 8 Upgrade Assistant,which will check both hardware and software for compatibility. For further advice, see the Update to Windows 8.1: FAQ. • Windows 8 on Amazon - £74* • Windows 7 on Amazon - £55* * these change daily!

  41. Upgrade Solution – 2 • Buy a new PC • Mainstream (Lenovo, HP, Dell etc.) with Win 8 • Business systems (Dell) with Win 7 • Alternative suppliers offering systems with Win 7 • Win 8 Pro can be downgraded to Win 7 (free)

  42. Some Recommended Windows 7 Suppliers Personal experience: • Chillblast – Andrew Clark, Phil Verity • PC World – Ron Price • R L Supplies, Watford – Brian Dunn Other suggestions: • NovatechDell – Ann and Paul Rasinsky

  43. E.G. Dell Business Site (ex VAT)

  44. Buy Win 8 Pro Downgrade to Win 7 Pro

  45. Amazon Prices • Win 8 Standard £74 • Win 8 Pro £108

  46. Online Privacy and Security

  47. Online Privacy and Security • Securing your computer • Staying safe online • Solving security problems