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Emergency Preparedness and Response Planning in Pakistan. Megan Gayford and Aien Khan Afridi Nutrition Cluster Coordinators, Pakistan Global Nutrition Cluster Annual Meeting Geneva, 10 July 2013. Country Context: Pakistan. Operational Context.
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Emergency Preparedness and Response Planning in Pakistan Megan Gayford and Aien Khan Afridi Nutrition Cluster Coordinators, Pakistan Global Nutrition Cluster Annual Meeting Geneva, 10 July 2013
Operational Context • Disaster preparedness and response is led by the National Disaster Management Authority and the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities • Decentralized process • Linkages between Government and the Humanitarian Country Team • For the first time, nutritionis included in the Government preparedness plans
Developing the Preparedness and Response Plan at the Sub-National Level • Coordinated by OCHA in and in coordination with PDMA and FATA Disaster Management Authority • Compilation and review of agency/organizational plans • Preparedness Planning Workshop for cluster partners • Based on specific scenarios and informed by experience • Risk analysis • Beneficiary caseloads agreed for various scenarios • Emergency human resource response rosters and focal points • Contingency/stand-by agreements agreed with potential partners by UN Agencies • Review and consolidation with the National Nutrition Cluster planning process
Developing the Preparedness and Response Plan at the National Level • Planning Scenario of the Pakistan Plan • All clusters develop plans – annexed to the National Plan • National Nutrition Cluster process • Human Resources and Contingency Stocks • Linkages to the Provincial Plans • Plan dissemination • Timeframe • Reviews and updates
Enabling Factors • Significant capacity of the Nutrition Cluster partners • Strong agency/organizational preparedness planning parallel processes • Nutrition Cluster strategy • Capacity building • Participation • Deadlines • Strong linkages to the Government of Pakistan’s Preparedness Planning process
Challenges • Change of Government • Low engagement of the NDMA and the Pakistan Red Crescent Society • Establishing linkages with the Provincial PRPs • Different timeframes • The planning figures vary between National and Provincial levels • Stretch of resources and shift of attention from response to planning • Lack of understanding of malnutrition and its consequences
Implications for the Cluster • Government engagement • Lessons learned from previous emergency responses • Inclusive process • Linkages • Supporting capacity of Nutrition Cluster partners • Opportunities for advocacy