Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response
triage • noun \trē-äzh\ • a: the sorting of and allocation of treatment to patients (especially battle and disaster victims) according to a system of priorities designed to maximize the number of survivors • b: the sorting of patients (as in an emergency room) according to the urgency of their need for care
Level I Trauma Centers • Provides trauma care and provides leadership in education and research • Required to have immediate availability of trauma surgeons, anesthesiologists, physician specialists, nurses, and resuscitation equipment. • Must treat 1200 admissions a yearor 240 major trauma patients per year or an average of 35 major trauma patients per surgeon
Level I Trauma Centers in Arizona Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center John C. Lincoln North Mountain Hospital Maricopa Medical Center St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Center Scottsdale Healthcare Osborn University Medical Center (Tucson) Flagstaff Medical Center Pediatric: Phoenix Children’s Hospital
The Level I Trauma Center at John C. Lincoln North Mountain Hospital offers all-private patient rooms, two new rooftop helipads and four dedicated trauma bays for the most critically injured patients.
Level II Trauma Centers • Supplemental to a Level I Trauma Center • must meet the same criteria as Level I but volume performance standards are not required. • Not expected to provide leadership in teaching and research
Level III Trauma Centers • Provides prompt assessment, resuscitation, emergency surgery, and stabilization with transfer to a Level I or II as indicated. • Typically serve communities that do not have immediate access to a Level I or II Trauma Center.
Level IV and V Trauma Centers • Provides advanced trauma life support to patient transfer in remote areas in which no higher level of care is available. • IV: Resuscitate and stabilize patients and arrange for their transfer to the closest, most appropriate trauma center level facility. • V: Not formally recognized but used to help categorize hospitals providing life support prior to transfer.
EMERGENCY MEDICINE QUIZ STUDY GUIDE • Who is a first responder? • What does triage mean? • What are the requirements for a Level I Trauma Center? • What is normal body temperature? • What is normal blood pressure? • What are the vital signs? What do they represent? • Where is the most accurate place to take temperature? • What does PEARL stand for? • What is sheltering-in? • How is blood pressure written? • What is a triage tag? What are the categories?