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Living Learning Communities (LLC). Edmond Ko Hong Kong University of Science and Technology 13 March 2009. Task Force on Future Direction of UG Hall VII and Hall Education. Terms of Reference

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living learning communities llc

Living Learning Communities (LLC)

Edmond Ko

Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

13 March 2009

task force on future direction of ug hall vii and hall education
Task Force on Future Direction of UG Hall VII and Hall Education
  • Terms of Reference
    • To recommend to the Student Housing Sub-committee (SCSH) effective ways for enhancing whole person development of student residents of UG Hall VII, and to review the hall life activities in existing UG Halls with a view to strengthening the developmental aspect of hall living.
the chickering model of student development
The Chickering Model of Student Development
  • Developing competence
  • Managing emotions
  • Developing autonomy
  • Establishing identity
  • Freeing interpersonal relationships
  • Developing purposes
  • Developing integrity


A, Chickering (1969), Education and Identity, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass (2nd edition in 1993).


Learning communities

“Groups of people engaged in intellectual interaction for the purpose of learning.”

--- K. Patricia Cross

About Campus/July-August, 1998, p.4

common elements in learning communities
Common elements in learning communities
  • Shared or collaborative learning
    • Faculty-student and student-student interactions
  • Connected learning
    • Theme- or topic-based
advantages of learning communities
Advantages of learning communities
  • Structured learning communities facilitate:
    • Active over passive learning
    • Collaboration and cooperation as opposed to competition
    • Community instead of isolation


E. T. Pascarella and P. T. Terenzini, “How College Affects Students,” Vol. 2, Jossey-Bass (2005), p.109.

typologies of lcs
Typologies of LCs*

1990 …

Linked courses

Learning clusters

Freshmen interest groups (FIGs)

Federated LCs

Coordinated studies

LC Models with Residential Component

1999 …

Student cohorts in larger classes

Paired or clustered courses

Team-taught courses

1999 …

Paired or clustered courses

Cohorts in larger classes or FIGs

Team-taught programs


1999 …

Curricular LCs

Classroom LCs

Residential LCs

Student type LCs

Living-Learning Typologies

2002 …

Residential colleges

Living-learning centers

Residential LCs

Academic residential programs

Theme housing

First Year Experience program

2004 …

Residential colleges

Residential LCs

Residential education programs

* Inkelas K. K., Soldner M., Longerbeam S. D., Leonard J. B., “Differences in Student Outcomes by Types of Living-Learning Programs: The Development of an Empirical Typology”, Research in Higher Education, 2008, 49:495-512.

models of llc
Models of LLC
  • Sharing sessions
  • Seminars by faculty, staff and outside professionals
  • Workshops
  • Field trips
  • Projects
  • Community service
common characteristics of llc
Common characteristics of LLC
  • A structured set of programs, activities and events designed to enhance student learning outcomes through shared experiences
  • Welcoming and nurturing environment for participants
  • Strong peer network
  • Faculty/staff-student mentoring support
benefits of llc on student outcomes
Benefits of LLC on student outcomes
  • Gain in autonomy and independence
  • Intellectual dispositions and orientations
  • Greater tolerance for difference and cultural appreciation
  • Demonstrate higher persistence and academic performance
  • Greater sense of belonging
examples of living learning communities llc
Examples of Living Learning Communities (LLC)
  • University of Michigan
  • Clemson University(1)
  • Clemson University(2)
  • MIT
  • Miami University
additional examples
Additional examples
  • University of Maryland
  • University of Wisconsin
  • University of Iowa
  • Duke University
  • Baylor University
  • University of Denver
  • University of Pittsburgh
critical success factors for llc
Critical success factors for LLC
  • Learning outcomes must be clearly established and articulated to all participants
  • Activities are appropriate for the intended learning outcomes
  • An assessment strategy is in place right from the start
  • Proper support and training provided to all participants
why is llc a viable option at ust
Why is LLC a viable option at UST?
  • Enhance the diversity of hall life.
  • The concept of LLC is flexible – it enables students and faculty/staff to design programs that are appropriate for the university community collaboratively.
  • Encourage students in to make further contribution in developing a vibrant student life.
  • An opportunity to enhance personal growth and development of student residents in an integrated living and learning environment.
implementation issues
Implementation issues
  • 350 hall spaces in Hall VII
    • How many LLCs?
    • Suggested max. no. of LLCs = 7; 50 students per LLC
  • Resources for startup development
  • Criteria in selecting models and themes
  • Recruitment for
    • LC Fellows (faculty members, staff, external professionals)
    • LC Co-ordinators (fresh graduates or PGs)
    • LC Assistants (senior UG students)
a proposed model of a structured llc
A proposed model of a structured LLC
  • A LC Fellow
    • Faculty member, staff or outside professional who serves as an advisor who supports, guides and participates in the LLC
  • A LC Co-ordinator
    • Full-time fresh graduate or part-time PG student who serves as a facilitator who provides planning support for the LLC activities
  • Two LC Assistants
    • Senior students who serve as peer mentors for the LLC participants