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TREE A NATOMY. TREE CUT-AWAY. WARPS IN LUMBER. PHOTOSYNTHESIS. A reaction of organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water. Light is absorbed by chlorophyll, the green pigment present in leaves. This creates energy for the tree. The by-product off this reaction is oxygen.

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TREE A NATOMY


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photosynthesis
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
  • A reaction of organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water.
  • Light is absorbed by chlorophyll, the green pigment present in leaves.
  • This creates energy for the tree.
  • The by-product off this reaction is oxygen.
divisions of trees
Coniferous Trees

Softwood

Bears needles

Evergreens

Bears cones to reproduce

Deciduous Trees

Hardwood

Bears leaves

Lose their leaves in winter

Bears fruits and nuts to reproduce

DIVISIONS OF TREES
coniferous trees softwood
CONIFEROUS TREES(SOFTWOOD)

Lodgepole Pine

  • Pale-yellow sapwood is soft.
  • Heartwood is deep yellow to reddish- brown.
  • Resinous.
coniferous trees softwood7
CONIFEROUS TREES (SOFTWOOD)

White Pine

  • Straight grain.
  • Pale-yellow to pale-brown in colour.
  • Fine resin-duct marks.
coniferous trees softwood8
CONIFEROUS TREES (SOFTWOOD)

Douglas Fir

  • One of the strongest softwoods.
  • Straight grain.
  • Reddish-brown timber.
  • Pronounced grain.
coniferous trees softwood9
CONIFEROUS TREES (SOFTWOOD)

Yellow Spruce

  • Non-resinous.
  • Creamy-white wood.
  • Slightly pink heartwood.
coniferous trees softwood10
CONIFEROUS TREES (SOFTWOOD)

Western Red Cedar

  • Soft aromatic timber.
  • Reddish-brown in colour.
  • Resistant to mildew and rotting.
coniferous trees softwood11
CONIFEROUS TREES (SOFTWOOD)

Yellow Cedar

  • Pale-yellow even textured wood.
  • Fine straight grain.
classifications of hardwoods
CLASSIFICATIONS OF HARDWOODS
  • Ring-porous: clearly defined pores along the growth ring, usually two to three high.
  • Diffuse-porous: have pores distributed relatively evenly throughout the growth ring.
deciduous trees hardwood
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Red Oak

  • Ring-porous.
  • Straight grained.
  • Pinkish-red in colour.
  • $4.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood14
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

White Oak

  • Ring-porous.
  • Straight grained.
  • Medium coarse texture.
  • Whiter wood than red oak.
  • $6.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood15
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

White Ash

  • Ring-porous.
  • Course but generally straight grained wood.
  • White sapwood.
  • Pale-brown heartwood.
  • $5.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood16
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Red Alder

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • One of the softest hardwoods.
  • Can dent with finger nail.
  • Pale-yellow to reddish-brown colour.
  • $3.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood17
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Western Maple

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Softer hardwood.
  • Straight grain.
  • Light creamy-brown colour.
  • $3.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood18
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Eastern Rock Maple

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Very hard & heavy hardwood.
  • White sapwood.
  • Straight grain.
  • $6.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood19
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Bird’s Eye Maple

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Very hard & heavy hardwood.
  • White sapwood.
  • Has a lot of eyes all over the wood.
  • $11.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood20
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

White Birch

  • Diffuse-porous
  • Fine straight grained wood.
  • Creamy-white sapwood.
  • Pale-brown heartwood.
  • $4.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood21
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

American Black Cherry

  • Diffuse-porous
  • Hard straight grained wood.
  • Heartwood is reddish-brown to deep red.
  • Brown flecks and some gum pockets.
  • Looks similar to Western Maple.
  • $5.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood22
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Black Walnut

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Softer hardwood.
  • Usually straight grained, but can be wavy.
  • Rich dark brown to purplish-black.
  • $6.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood23
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Philippine Mahogany

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Very open grained wood.
  • Rough texture.
  • Light brown colour.
  • $6.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood24
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Honduras Mahogany

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Medium textured wood.
  • Straight grained.
  • Heartwood is reddish-brown to deep red colour.
  • $9.65 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood25
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Purpleheart

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Uniform fine to medium texture wood.
  • Grain direction changes without warning.
  • Very hard.
  • Attractive purple colour.
  • $7.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood26
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Orange Padauk

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Very hard and heavy wood.
  • Rich red to purple-brown colour with red streaks.
  • $10.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood27
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Bubinga

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Straight or interlocked and irregular grain.
  • Red-brown in colour, with purple veining.
  • $12.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood28
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Wenge

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Very coarse textured wood.
  • Light brown with dark purple veins.
  • Very hard and heavy hardwood.
  • $14.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood29
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Zebrawood

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Coarse textured wood.
  • White wood with dark brown vein lines.
  • Grain direction changes without warning.
  • $17.50 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood30
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Cocobolo

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Hard, heavy, tough wood with irregular grain.
  • Attractive colour, with purple to yellow, with black markings.
  • $22.75 per bdft.
deciduous trees hardwood31
DECIDUOUS TREES (HARDWOOD)

Ebony

  • Diffuse-porous.
  • Hard, dense, and heavy wood.
  • Fine even texture.
  • Straight, irregular or wavy grain.
  • Dark brown to black colour.
  • $92.00 per bdft.
plywood boards
PLYWOOD BOARDS
  • Decorative plywood.
  • Three-ply board.
  • Multi-ply.
  • Hardwood plywood.
  • Fir core plywood.
particle boards
PARTICLE BOARDS
  • Single-layer chipboard.
  • Three-layer chipboard.
  • Melamine chipboard.
  • Oriented-strand board.
  • Flakeboard.
fibreboards
FIBREBOARDS
  • High-density (HM) board.
  • Low-density (LM) board.
  • Medium-density fibreboard (MDF).
  • Oak-veneered MDF board.
  • Standard hardboard.
  • Tempered hardboard.
  • Embossed hardboard.
  • Decorative-faced hardboard.
  • Perforated hardboard.
hardwood plywood vs solid hardwood
PRO’S

Does not warp like solid lumber will.

Cut the size you want. No need to glue up panels.

Cheaper than solid woods.

Uses less trees to make hardwood plywood, than using solid lumber.

CON’S

Have to glue solid lumber on the end grain to hide the core of the plywood.

Exceptable to dents and scratches, exposing the core of the plywood.

Appearance not as nice as solid lumber.

HARDWOOD PLYWOOD VS. SOLID HARDWOOD