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Ch.13 Sec 2. Page 458 Travois reservation Sitting bull . People of the Plains. After the Civil War 360,000 Native Americans lived on the Great Plains Native Americans hunted buffalo for food and clothing. . Broken Treaties. U.S. treaties promised to safeguard Native American lands.

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ch 13 sec 2
Ch.13 Sec 2

Page 458

  • Travois
  • reservation
  • Sitting bull
people of the plains
People of the Plains
  • After the Civil War 360,000 Native Americans lived on the Great Plains
  • Native Americans hunted buffalo for food and clothing.
broken treaties
Broken Treaties
  • U.S. treaties promised to safeguard Native American lands.
  • As the miners and railroads pushed forward they broke the treaties to take more Native American land.
  • The Fort Laramie Treaty wanted Native Americans to stop following the buffalo and settle permanently.
  • The U.S. officials offered to repay the Native Americans by protecting their lands.
sand creek massacre
Sand Creek Massacre
  • Gold was discovered on Native American land and they were forced off of the reservation. The Americans had broken the treaty of Fort Laramie.
  • Many warriors resisted and attacked supply trains and homes.
  • In response Colonel John Chivington massacred 100 men ,women and children
end of the buffalo
End of the Buffalo
  • The giant herds of buffalo were hunted almost to extinction by white hunters.
  • The Native Americans depended on buffalo to sustain every part of their lives.
  • One hunter might kill 2,000 buffalo in a month.
last stand for custer and the sioux
Last stand for Custer and The Sioux
  • Many Sioux and Cheyenne lived on land set aside for them in the Black Hills of the Dakotas.
  • A gold strike brought of flood of miners.
  • Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse led attacks to keep whites out.
little big horn
Little Big Horn
  • June 1876, under orders to force Native Americans off their land, General Custer attacked a large number of Sioux and Cheyennes.
  • Custer and all his men died
nez perces navajo
Nez Perces Navajo
  • Bred horses and cattle
  • Forced onto a reservation
  • Chief Joseph fled toward Canada to escape humiliation
  • Chief Joseph surrendered and said

“ I shall fight no more forever”

  • Raided settlers farms for livestock.
  • White settlers called the U.S. army
  • After a series of wars
  • Navajos were defeated in Arizona.
  • That led the rest of their lives suffering from disease and hunger.
dawes act
Dawes Act
  • Hoping to improve Native American life, Congress passed the Dawes Act in 1887.
  • It tried to turn Native Americans into farmers.
  • Set up schools to make children more like Americans.
  • Few took to farming and many sold their land cheap to dishonest whites.
  • They were forced to abandon their traditions and remained poor and depended on the government for money.
the apaches
The Apaches
  • Geronimo refused to go to a reservation and led a resistance for 10 years.
  • They attacked settlers in Arizona and New Mexico
  • Geronimo was captured in 1886 and sent to a reservation in Oklahoma.
the battle of wounded knee
The Battle of Wounded Knee
  • The U.S. Army tried to stop Native Americans from performing a ritual dance call “The Ghost Dance”.
  • During a struggle to disarm Native Americans a gun went off and nearly 200 Sioux men, women and children were killed.