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EATING DISORDERS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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EATING DISORDERS. Body Image = How you see your body and the way you feel about it. PEOPLE WITH EATING DISORDERS HAVE A DISTORTED BODY IMAGE. The average American woman is 5'4" tall and weighs 140 pounds The average American model is 5'11" tall and weighs 117 pounds .

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The average American woman is 5'4" tall and weighs 140 pounds
  • The average American model is 5'11" tall and weighs 117 pounds
Half of 9 and 10-year-old girls feel better about themselves if they are on a diet
  • 42% of 1st-3rd grade girls want to be thinner
  • 81% of 10 year olds are afraid of being fat
5-10 million adolescent girls and women and 1 million boys struggle with eating disorders and borderline conditions
    • 3% of girls and young females suffer from anorexia
    • 4% of girls and young females suffer from bulimia
Eating disorders can last between 1 and 15 years, but usually don't result in death
  • About 1000 women die each year from an eating disorder
judy skinner is a recovered anorexic
Judy Skinner is a recovered anorexic.
  • Judy Sargent

20 years old


Judy gave these reasons for becoming anorexic:

  • Loss of twin brother
  • Low self-esteem
  • Perfectionist
  • Parent's divorce
  • Parents obsession with weight
  • Father said she was "fat" and needed to lose weight.
  • Kids at school used to tease her and call her “chipmunk cheeks."
judy skinner is a recovered anorexic1
Judy Skinner is a recovered anorexic.
  • Judy Sargent

20 years old

36 years old

why would a person develop anorexia

#1 Media/Social pressures

warning signs of anorexia
Warning Signs of Anorexia:
  • Intense fear of gaining weight
  • Skips meals by making up excuses
  • Will not eat in front of others
  • Wears baggy clothing
  • Degrades his/her body frequently
  • Denial of hunger
  • Excessive exercising
warning signs of anorexia1
Warning Signs of Anorexia:
  • Hair growth
    • More on body and face
    • Loss on head
  • Absent or irregular menstrual periods
  • Perfectionist
  • Depressed/Lonely/Anxious/Empty/Hopeless
  • Moody/Irritable
  • Strange selections of food
  • Reads food labels constantly
health effects
Health Effects
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
  • Amenorrhea (loss of menstruation)
  • Skin problems
  • Dizziness and headaches
  • Dehydration
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Bloating
  • Constipation and stomachache
health effects1
Hair loss & Lanugo (fine downy hair)

Edema (water retention)

Decreased metabolic rate


Delayed development in puberty



Health Effects
health effects2
Health Effects
  • Insomnia
  • Electrolyte imbalances
  • Kidney and liver damage
  • Anemia Cathartic colon
  • Low potassium (most common cause of nocturnal cardiac arrest)
  • Cardiac arrest and death
what is bulimia

What is bulimia?

Frequent episodes of binge eating followed by one of the following:


Using laxatives


Over exercising

why would a person binge


#1 To fill a void inside

2 to hide negative emotions

#2 To hide negative emotions

#3 To cope with daily stresses and problems

why would a person purge

Why would a person purge?

Because of guilt and

depression of having binged.


Why would a person

with ANOREXIA be

at risk of developing


warning signs of bulimia
Warning Signs of Bulimia:
  • Worried about body weight
  • Excessive food consumption
  • Frequent trips to the bathroom after eating
  • Blood shot eyes
  • Sore throat
  • Exercises excessively
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Dental problems (tooth enamel wears away)
  • Depression and/or mood swings
  • It typically develops in early to mid-adolescents.
  • Relatively uncommon in men only about 10% of individuals diagnosed with bulimia are men.
  • Bulimia Nervosa affects 1-3% of middle and high school girls and 1-10% of college age women.
  • 10% of individuals suffering from bulimia will die from starvation, cardiac arrest, other medical complications, or suicide.
health effects3
Health Effects
  • Abrasions on back of hands and knuckles
  • Endocrine Disruption
    • Amenorrhea (loss of menstruation) and irregular menstruation
    • Hair loss
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
    • Low blood pressure
    • Headaches
    • Dizziness
    • Depression
health effects4
Health Effects
  • Digestive
    • Stomach pain and bloating
    • Constipation and diarrhea
    • Electrolyte imbalances
    • Erosion of teeth enamel
    • Tears of esophagus
    • Chronic sore throat
    • Development of peptic ulcers and pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
    • Dehydration
    • Cathartic colon (caused from laxative abuse)
    • Edema (swelling of hands and feet)
    • Gastric dilation and rupture
health effects5
Health Effects
  • Cardiovascular
    • Anemia
    • Shortness of breath
    • Irregular heartbeats
    • Kidney and liver damage
    • Chest pains
    • Cardiac arrest and death
how much does your drink really weigh
How much does your drink really weigh?

If you drank one 12oz.can of soda daily and did not increase your physical activity, what would happen?

Average 12oz soda= 160 calories

160 calories X 365 days= 58,400 calories per year

3,500 calories = 1 pound

58,400 calories divide by 3,500 calories=

16.69 pounds of weight gain

What would happen if you drank one 44oz Big Gulp daily?

One 44 oz Big Gulp = 513 calories

Answer: 53.5 pounds

how many food pyramid daily servings do you really need
How many Food Pyramid daily servings do YOU really need?

Most women Active women Active men

Children (2-6) Most men Teen Boys

Older children

Teen girls

Total Calories 1,600 2,200 2,800___

Food groups

Milk/dairy 2 2 2

Protein 2 2 3

Vegetables 3 4 5

Fruit 2 3 4

Grains 6 9 11

Fats 2 2 3

five key nutrition messages
Five key nutrition messages:
  • More fruits and vegetables.
  • More whole grains, fewer processed foods overall.
  • More water, fewer “caloric” drinks.
  • Replace bad fats with “good” fats.
  • Be aware of

portion sizes.


Physical Activity Pyramid

20-40 minutes

3-4 times per week

aerobic fitness

45-60 minutes,

3-4 times a week

for weight loss

30 minutes

everyday for health

Children up to 18 years should have a minimum of 60 minutes daily of physical activity

surgeon general s physical activity recommendation
Surgeon General’s Physical Activity Recommendation
  • 30 minutes of activity
  • 4-5 times a week.
  • Can be broken up.
  • Reduced risk for Cardio Vascular Disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, obesity, improves mood, some forms of cancer.
health effects6
Health Effects
  • Obesity
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Decreased mobility
health effects7
Health Effects
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart disease
  • Liver and kidney problems
  • Cardiac arrest and/or death
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Certain types of cancer

Approximate number of annual pedestrian deaths

in America.


Approximate total annual deaths in motor vehicle crashes.


Approximate annual deaths due to sedentary living and poor nutrition.


Approximate direct annual medical expenditures due to obesity, borne by taxpayers.

(Obesity Research, Finkelstein, Jan, ’04)


It’s not just an obesity epidemic.

It’s an epidemic of physical inactivity and

poor nutrition.