U. S. CONSTITUTION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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U. S. CONSTITUTION

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  1. U. S. CONSTITUTION

  2. Accused refuses to testify against himself 5th AMENDMENT

  3. PROTECTS VOTING RIGHTS OF WOMEN 19TH AMENDMENT

  4. RIGHT OF ALL CITIZENS TO VOTE REGARDLESS OF RACE 15TH AMENDMENT

  5. Our country’s first constitution was called… Articles of Confederation

  6. The main reason for wanting to change the Articles of Confederation To form a stronger government

  7. Father of our Constitution James Madison

  8. Goals of the government provided by the Constitution • Remember the Preamble: • Form a more perfect union • Establish justice • Insure domestic tranquility • Provide for the common defense • Promote the general welfare • Secure the blessings of liberty

  9. 7 Articles • Article 1 - Legislative Branch • Article 2 – Executive Branch • Article 3 – Judicial Branch • Article 4 – Relation of State and Federal Government • Article 5 – Methods for Amending the Constitution • Article 6 – Supreme law of the land • Article 7 – Methods of ratifying the Constitution

  10. Bill of Rights Another name for the first 10 amendments

  11. Amendment must be ratified by ? to become part of the Constitution ¾ of the States • By State Legislatures • By Special Conventions

  12. Total number of amendments 27

  13. Number of Senators 100 ( 2 from each state)

  14. Number of representatives per state is determined by Population of the state

  15. Revenue (tax) bills must originate only in the House of Representatives

  16. Only amendment to be repealed 18th Amendment

  17. Length of term for member of the House of Representatives 2 years

  18. Speaker of the House is chosen by House of Representatives

  19. 1/3 of the Senators are elected every 2 years

  20. Number of branches in our government 3

  21. Legislative Branch of government responsible for making laws

  22. Supreme Court and U.S. Courts (Branch of government) Judicial

  23. Congress(Senate and House of Representatives)(Branch of government) Legislative

  24. Headed by the President(Branch of government) Executive branch

  25. U. S. Representative from the 18th Congressional district in Illinois Aaron Schock

  26. Date the President takes office(Inauguration Day) January 20

  27. Presidential line of succession • Vice President • Speaker of the House • President Pro-Tempore of the Senate • Secretary of State

  28. Court of final authority Supreme Court

  29. Order in which a case moves through the federal courts • District Court • Court of Appeals • Supreme Court

  30. Number of days the President may consider a law 10 days

  31. Number of times a President may be elected 2 (twice)

  32. Where all impeachments are tried Senate

  33. Length of term for a federal court judge Life

  34. Requirements for Senators • 30 years old • Citizen for 9 years • Lives in the state

  35. Number of Senators from each state 2

  36. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts

  37. Longest possible time a person can serve as President 10 years

  38. Main group of Presidential Advisors CABINET

  39. Current President of the U.S. Barack H. Obama

  40. Name of presiding officer of the Senate Joseph Biden

  41. Chief Officer of the U.S. House of Representatives (name) John Boehner Speaker of the House

  42. Length of term of the President 4 years

  43. Congress can override the President’s veto with ? 2/3 majority in both houses

  44. Length of term of Senators 6 years (with 1/3 being elected every 2 years)

  45. Names of 2 U.S Senators from Illinois Dick Durbin Mark Kirk

  46. Presides over impeachment trial of a President Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

  47. Qualifications for President and Vice President • 35 years old • Natural born citizen • Lives in the U.S. for 14 years

  48. ratify To vote in favor of an amendment or treaty

  49. amend To change

  50. veto Chief executive’s decision to reject an act of the legislation