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Confucianism. Confucianism. Based on the principles of Confucius Lived from 551-479 BC. Aspired to be a political advisor. Confucius lived during a time of warfare. Very violent time for all people. Confucius was concerned about the social instability and lack of order.

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confucianism1
Confucianism
  • Based on the principles of Confucius
    • Lived from 551-479 BC.
    • Aspired to be a political advisor.
  • Confucius lived during a time of warfare.
    • Very violent time for all people.
  • Confucius was concerned about the social instability and lack of order.
    • He tried to convince political leaders to make changes.
confucianism2
Confucianism
  • Not a religion.
  • Based on a system of social

and ethical philosophy, not spiritual.

    • “only when character is cultivated are our families regulated; only when families are regulated are states well governed.”
  • Confucius believed that humans are social creatures that are capable of goodness.
  • Emphasis on the “Superior Person”.
    • The individual who has trained himself to do what is socially demanded.
confucianism3
Confucianism
  • A person must develop their “Jen”

in order to be a “Superior Person”.

    • “The sincerity on the inside shows on the outside”.
  • Filial Piety
    • Means to love, respect, and take care of your parents.
    • Hierarch is a fundamental principle in Confucianism.
  • Confucius wanted society to return to the old traditional ways of Zhou Dynasty.
the five cardinal virtues of confucianism
The Five Cardinal Virtues of Confucianism
  • Jen
    • humanity, benevolence, and goodness
  • Yi
    • sense of duty and responsibility
  • Li
    • manners, property, and good form
  • Chih
    • wisdom
  • Hsin
    • good faith, trustworthiness, and loyalty
taoism1
Taoism
  • Originated during the

same time as Confucianism.

  • History is unclear.
    • Beginning is linked to Lao Tzu, who may not have existed.
  • The myth of Lao Tzu
    • Conceived by a shooting star.
    • At his birth, he was already 82 years old.
    • Political activist.
    • Wrote down his words of wisdom in the Tai Te Ching.
taoism2
Taoism
  • The Tao Ti Ching
    • Several teachings of living in harmony with nature.
    • “Those who know do not speak; Those who speak do not know.”
  • The Philosophy of Tao
    • Both the ultimate source and principle of order on the universe.
    • Moral values are relative and avoids absolute moral judgments.
    • No afterlife, death is a transformation from one life to the next.
    • Humans are in harmony with nature.
traits of yin and yang
Yin

Negative

Passive

Feminine

Earthly

Yang

Positive

Active

Masculine

Heavenly

Traits of Yin and Yang