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AREA BASED DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES Brussels (JRC headquarters) 6 and 7 September 2010. Area Based Recovery & Development can be defined as:.

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area based development approaches brussels jrc headquarters 6 and 7 september 2010

Brussels (JRC headquarters) 6 and 7 September 2010

area based recovery development can be defined as
Area Based Recovery & Development can be defined as:

Targeting specific geographical areas in a country, characterized by particular and complex recovery and development problems, through an integrated, inclusive, participatory and flexible approach


Area of intervention: typically smaller than the country itself (but can be cross-border)

  • 4 categories of problems to be addressed:
    • Conflict-related
    • Disaster-related
    • Poverty-related
    • Exclusion-related
  • ABD only appropriate if problem can be addressed at the level of the area
  • Aim is to make the area fully participate in and benefit from national recovery & development processes

Integrated: multi-sector, multi-agency, multi-level

  • Inclusive: targets communities rather than specific groups and is non-discriminatory
  • Participatory: involving all stakeholders in planning, decision-making and implementation
  • Bottom-up approach: feeding into policy/ institutional reform through horizontal & vertical linkages
  • Flexible: tailor-made responses evolving with rapid changes in the area/ environment

Not every project that intervenes at local or grassroots level is area based:

    • nation-wide local governance, decentralized planning or community development programmes
    • local piloting of national programmes
    • sector-specific programmes at local level
  • ABD is area-specific, not sector- or target group-specific

Regional planning, decentralization & local governance programmes

Area based recovery & development programmes

Community development & integrated rural development programmes


responding to crises, emergencies & post- conflict situations


Deciding on an Area Based Approach:

1. Clearly identifiable area with unique or specific development setting

2. Area has complex & multi-dimensional

development setting





Area based approach

MDG localization


Sector or target group approach

defining the area based intervention
Defining the Area Based Intervention
  • Defining the target area – always based on existing territorial-administrative units
  • Assessing the specific situation – baseline, critical needs, priorities, ongoing interventions, etc.
  • Defining the programme – main outcome, objectives/results, level/scale/magnitude of interventions
  • Implementation & management arrangements
typical components of abd interventions public administration participatory governance
Typical Components of ABD InterventionsPublic Administration & Participatory Governance
  • Planning, budget execution, public investment
  • Decentralization and self-governance
  • Mechanisms for dialogue and participation
  • Access to information, legal protection, human rights
typical components of abd interventions community empowerment
Typical Components of ABD InterventionsCommunity Empowerment
  • Community organization through social mobilization
  • Community-based self-help initiatives
  • Strengthening CSOs/NGOs
typical components of abd interventions basic infrastructure and services
Typical Components of ABD InterventionsBasic Infrastructure and Services
  • Small grant schemes
  • Larger infrastructure
  • Local procurement and sub-contracting
  • Sustainable management, operation and maintenance
typical components of abd interventions local economic development
Typical Components of ABD InterventionsLocal Economic Development
  • Planning, policy, regulatory framework
  • Micro-, small- and medium-enterprise development
  • Vocational training & employment generation
  • Financial & non-financial business services
  • Farming, agriculture, agro-processing
  • Marketing, transport, storage, rural-urban linkages
typical components of abd interventions policy and institutional reform
Typical Components of ABD InterventionsPolicy and Institutional Reform
  • Knowledge and practice networks
  • Independent research
  • Lobbying with Government/Parliament
  • Codifying practices into policies and laws
  • Replication of successful practices
typical components of abd interventions some conflict and disaster specific components
Typical Components of ABD InterventionsSome Conflict and Disaster-specific components
  • Restoring local government capacities
  • Building on community self-help initiatives
  • Emergency employment and restoration of livelihoods
  • Reintegration of returning refugees, IDPs, former combatants
  • Early warning systems, conflict prevention and disaster risk reduction
  • Community security and access to justice
  • Mine Action, restoring access by road, to land
  • Gender based violence, protection
  • Building Back Better
  • Social cohesion, conflict mediation