Using Socratic Seminars to Build Understanding of Diversity among Students. Presented by: Solomon Cross, Terrilyn Gray, Katrina Schultz and Morgan Valsin. Norms. Silence and put away all electronic devices Responses should not be based on emotions; Please be factual
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Solomon Cross, Terrilyn Gray, Katrina Schultz and Morgan Valsin
3. Gallery Walk
4. Background/Purpose of Using Diversity
5. Background/Purpose of Socratic Seminars
6. Socratic Seminar
Socratic Dialogue: Philosophical Foundation
According to the United States Supreme Court: YES!
According to research: YES!
Cooper (2006) synthesis of numerous reputable research studies summarizes the academic and social benefits of diversity into four general categories:
Theoretical Foundation among StudentsDiverse Philosophers
French Philosopher of Jewish decent
Deconstruction – critical approach of philosophy developed to analyze both the conditions of possibility and the limitations of various forms of discourse
Age 12 – anti-Semitic law forced expulsion from academy where he was top student in entire school
Family lost citizenship & became unwanted foreigners in the land where they had lived for 5 generations
Turned the pain of negative experience into positive contribution to society as philosopher & activist fighting for the rights of diverse populations
Founding member of the Cultural Foundation Against Apartheid, activist for Algerian immigrants, & Czech Charter
Grew up in poverty – lead to deep understanding of the oppressed & the “culture of silence” accompanying oppression
Early career – labor union lawyer helping the poor understand their rights
Began working with adult literacy programs
Earned PhD – professor of philosophy & education at University of Recife (Brazil) & Harvard University (U.S.)
Pedagogy of the Oppressed (1972)
Developed method known as Critical Pedagogy (principles used as the basis of Transformative Learning Theory)
Devoted life to empowering the oppressed with tools to overcome economic, social, & political forces placed upon them by the dominant classes of society
Caucasian American feminist philosopher
President of the Philosophy of Education Society
Rose as female scholar among elite members of academia during 1949 – 1973
Experience as educator – includes all levels (early childhood/elementary/junior & senior high/university)
Work focuses on the ethical & moral responsibilities of education
Proponent of equality & diversity
Believes equality is often confused with sameness
Critical lessons – prompt Socratic thought, discussion, & understanding of topics central to humanity that lead to holistic development of critical awareness essential to creating civic responsibility in a liberal democracy
Concepts of care, building relationships, ethical choices, & developing the characteristics for moral citizenship as primary goals of education that overarch all curriculum subjects
African American philosopher & professor
Professor of religion at Harvard, Princeton, & Yale Universities
Considered one of the greatest minds of our time
Expert witness to the power of Socratic philosophy – the love of truth & justice develops a conscience that forces an individual to muster up the courage to stand firm in the face of conflicts
Prophetic commitment to justice – calls for justice of all oppressed people & unites diverse faith systems (Christian/Islamic/Jewish) by acknowledging their connected roots
Connects to people where they are
Uses strategies considered “out of box” (ex: rap albums filled with philosophical lyrics to prompt critical thought & reach youth)
Uses public voice to expose injustice in American society & throughout the world
You’re in for a special treat!
Please review handouts for a concise list of references.
Please complete the Diversity Evaluation Form and place it in the folder on the front table before you leave.
Thank you for your cooperation!