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Evaluation of Athletic Injuries. Check Life-threatening Situations History of the Injury History of the Individual Observation Palpation. Structural Tests Functional Activities Tests Assessment and Plan Re-Evaluate Record the Result. Evaluation of Athletic Injuries.

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Evaluation of Athletic Injuries

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evaluation of athletic injuries1
Check Life-threatening Situations

History of the Injury

History of the Individual



Structural Tests

Functional Activities Tests

Assessment and Plan


Record the Result

Evaluation of Athletic Injuries
check life threatening situations
Check Life-Threatening Situations
  • Check ABCH’s
  • Consciousness
  • Cervical Spine-Check
  • Heat Stroke
  • Traumatic Shock
history of injury
History of Injury
  • Where does it hurt?
  • How did it happen?
  • Area hit and direction of blow?
  • When did it occur? recent, acute, chronic
  • Position of the body part before and after?
  • Feel a tear, snap, or hear a pop?
  • Did the pain happen immediately or gradually?
  • Did the swelling happen immediately or gradually?
history of the individual
History of the Individual
  • Have you had this injury before? If so, what was done?
  • What is their current level of training?
  • Check any equipment that may have caused the injury.
  • Always compare opposite sides of the body. Injured vs. non-injured
  • Position of the body.
  • Look for:
    • Swelling
    • Deformity
    • Redness/Discoloration
    • Skin coloration
    • Muscle spasm
    • Limping
    • Loss of function
    • Eye movement, facial expression
  • Tell the athlete it will hurt and why.
  • Begin with the non-injured limb.
  • Start away from the suspected injury site and gradually work toward it.
  • Begin gently and increase pressure.
  • Look for facial expressions.
  • Is the pain sharp or dull, general or localized.
palpation continued
Palpation continued
  • Is there point tenderness (pain in one area)?
  • Check for local heat, crepitation (crackling).
  • Check bones, ligaments, muscles, tendons.
structural tests
Structural Tests
  • Nerves: Sensory and Motor
  • Circulation: Feel for pulse in the injured body part.
  • Musculoskeletal: Look for abnormal range of motion and/or pain in and around the injured area.
    • Perform active movement
    • Perform passive movement
    • Perform resistive movement
    • Perform any special tests
functional activity test
Functional Activity Test
  • Use only for mild injuries.
  • Use the injured body part to perform sports skills.
    • Begin with very simple skills and moving to sport specific.
    • Begin each skill at half speed and progress to full speed.
    • Do NOT allow any activity that causes pain or discomfort.
  • Determine if the athlete can perform normally.
    • Observe performance.
    • Question athlete concerning pain or abnormalities.
assessment and plan
Assessment and Plan
  • Make a preliminary decision concerning the nature and severity of the injury.
    • Draw together all the previous evidence.
    • Based on that decision, use any or all the following procedures that are needed.
  • Apply emergency first aid.
  • Move the athlete off the field or court.
    • Use stretcher or ambulance if ANY doubt exists.
    • NEVER drag the athlete.
assessment and plan continued
Assessment and Plan continued
  • Re-evaluate in more detail on the side-line, in the locker room, training room or at a medical facility.
  • RICE
    • Rest
    • Ice
    • Compression
    • Elevation
  • Refer to a physician.
    • Confirm evaluation.
    • X-ray and laboratory tests.
    • Recommend and administer treatment.
re evaluate
  • Re-evaluate on the side-lines, locker room, training room throughout rehabilitation.
record the results
Record the Results
  • This is one of the most important things you can do.
  • Be specific.
  • This may eliminate a law suit.