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Romanticism as a Period and a Concept - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Journal: describe a place and time that is meaningful and that carries emotional significance, particularly a place in nature. Romanticism as a Period and a Concept. The Romantic Age: 1798 to 1832. The Start and End of the Romantic Age.

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Journal: describe a place and time that is meaningful and that carries emotional significance, particularly a place in nature.

Romanticism as a period and a concept

Romanticism as a Period and a Concept

The Romantic Age: 1798 to 1832

The start and end of the romantic age

The Start and End of the Romantic Age

The Romantic Age begins in 1798 with the publication of Lyrical Ballads

Lyrical Ballads is a collection of poetry written by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge

The start and end of the romantic age1

The Start and End of the Romantic Age

The Romantic Age closes with two events:

First, the death of Sir Walter Scott

Second, the passage of the First Reform Bill in Parliament

Major political events during romantic age

Major Political Events During Romantic Age

The French Revolution

The Napoleonic Wars

Both hindered the spread of Romanticism

Turbulent times
Turbulent Times

  • During the Romantic Age, two MAJOR revolutions occurred:

  • First, the revolt by the English colonies in America

  • Second, the French Revolution started in 1789.

  • Both threatened Britain’s stability.

  • Many important Romantic writers supported the French Revolution in its early stages.

French revolution 1789 1799
French Revolution: 1789-1799

  • Rejection of authority

  • Overthrow of the government of a great European power from within

  • The Crown and the ruling classes feared the effects of the French Revolution

  • English liberals and radicals viewed the early stages of the French Revolution a triumph of popular democracy

Napoleonic wars
Napoleonic Wars

  • Napoleon Bonaparte takes over as “First Consul” in 1799

  • The Napoleonic Wars were a series of conflicts declared against Napoleon’s French Empire by opposing coalitions that ran from 1803 to 1815

  • It was a continuation of wars sparked by the French Revolution

The industrial revolution
The Industrial Revolution

  • This was a major change that occurred during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries from hand labor to new methods of manufacturing.

  • The major innovation of the time: the perfection of the development of the steam engine by James Watt.

  • There were as many positive changes made by this revolution as there were negative ones.

Negative impacts of the industrial revolution
Negative Impacts of the Industrial Revolution

  • Cities often became sprawling, dirty, industrialized centers.

  • Working and living conditions in these industrial cities were terrible.

  • Men, women and children all worked tremendously long hours under terrible conditions that offered up very low salaries.

  • The gap between rich and poor was widened more than ever before.

The romantic age
The Romantic Age

  • A time of vast and largely unguided political and economic change

  • Most of the writers of this period were deeply affected by the French Revolution and by the Industrial Revolution

  • Many of the main literary concerns of the Romantic writers reflect these historical issues

Cont d

  • Free from the rules and standards of eighteenth-century literature

  • Dignity of the individual

  • Interest in the language and experience of the common people

  • Writers or artists must be free to explore their own imaginative worlds

  • Love of the unspoiled natural world

Wordsworth and coleridge
Wordsworth and Coleridge

  • The work they did together involving Lyrical Ballads and other works is considered the greatest collaboration in English literature.

  • These poets relied on and favored “ordinary speech” in their poetry instead of artificial and uniquely “poetic” language.

  • Wordsworth focused on “incidents and situations from common life.”

  • Coleridge chose largely to focus on events and characters of the supernatural.

Wordsworth and coleridge continued
Wordsworth and Coleridge (Continued)

  • Due to similar and yet different styles and topics of these two poets, Lyrical Ballads covers two of the most important elements of Romantic Poetry:

  • First, a focus on the natural or commonplace (Wordsworth).

  • Second, a focus on the supernatural or “romantic” (Coleridge).

  • Though at times different in content, BOTH writers focus on an intense love of nature.

Second generation romantic poets
Second Generation Romantic Poets

  • George Gordon, Lord Byron

  • Percy Bysshe Shelley

  • John Keats

  • All three lived tragically short lives.

  • All three respected Wordsworth and Coleridge, yet at times, disagreed with their ideas.

Famous novelists of the romantic age
Famous Novelists of the Romantic Age

  • Jane Austen (1775-1817)

  • Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)

  • Both writers were very different in terms of content and style.

  • Mary Shelley (1797-1851)

  • Wife of Percy Bysshe Shelley

  • Most famous for the Gothic Novel, Frankenstein.

Tintern abbey
Tintern Abbey