Rococo Art & Architecture. Rococo.
Louis XIV 'sdesire to glorify his dignity and the magnificence of France resulted in the monumental and formal qualities of Versailles. But members of the succeeding court began to decorate their elegant homes in a lighter, more delicate manner. This new style has been known since the last century as "rococo," from the French word, rocaille, for rock and shell garden ornamentation. First emerging in the decorative arts,
rococoemphasized pastel colors, sinuous curves, and patterns based on flowers, vines, and shells.
Rococo style started out in the decorative arts and architecture. Furniture and facades became sensational, and interiors and costumes are decorated with shells, frills, gold leaf and ribbons.
In the 17th and 18th century it was summer residence of Prussian Kings and German Emperors.
Ceres (Summer)1712, Antoine WatteauOil on canvasThe National Gallery of Art
Washington, DC, USA.Rococo
Watteau's elegant paintings perfectly embody the Rococo ideal of grace and playfulness. In addition, the painter's compositions often were asymmetrical.This stylish asymmetry in turn became an important characteristic of Rococo art & design.
François Boucher & Jean-Honoré Fragonardalso created artistic confections that dazzle viewers with their charm and sophistication.Rococo
Allegory of Painting1765 Oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
After the revolution, he was ousted and forced to paint in the Neo-classical style, which he refused to do. He died in poverty, forgotten.
Marie Antionette’scourt painter during this period is Elizabeth Vigée le Brun (1755-1842)
Her style is neoclassical in exhibiting ideals of simplicity and purity. Her work can also be considered Rococo in its grace, delicacy, and naturalism.
The 1789 French Revolution halts the development of Rococo rather suddenly, and neo-Classicism is brought back.