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Piaget’s CognitiveDevelopment& Understanding Student diversity • April 5, 2012 • By: Megan Shelton • Educational Psychology
Theories • Schemas • Adaptation • Assimilation • Learning styles • Impulsive • Reflective • Field dependent • Field independent
Class Observation • Encompasses all subjects • Pre-Kindergarten • 22 students • Predominately white
Findings • Instructor: My teacher has taught 3rd grade for many years, this is her first year teaching Pre-K and I can tell she has a passion for younger children. She Just graduated from UWG 2 years ago with her master’s in education. • Instruction: Time is very limited in Pre-K, Learn through centers, Large circle & small group time. • Students: are eager to learn, enjoy class and ask many questions. • Teacher-student interaction: Is constant; help reading a book bringing glasses, saying ABC’s days of the week, singing songs
Findings • Class management: very well manage through positive reinforcements like pizza parties, ice cream parties, and reminders. • Assessment: in Pre-K any art work done, teacher mistake corrected by student, new accomplishment is all assessed. (oral ) • Curriculum: is all based on Pre-K GPS and she modifies it where needed.
Argument • At a very young age children begin to learn a pattern of behavior and thought process (schemes), as they grow they learn through interacting with outside sources such as environment, parents, teachers, and peers. As teachers it is our duty to give them concrete detailed information on every thing we teach. While keeping in mind that no two students are alike, there a many thought processes and students have different ways of learning the same information. Whether it is teaching moral development like Student X or understanding learning styles like Student Z teachers should always teach with an open mind.
Relevance • I felt like these two theories Cognitive Development and learning styles were relevant to my project because I was able to experience first hand examples of these in my classroom through the students I observe. The book as well as my other sources helped me to understand in depth why a teacher needs to be able to format lesson plans in order to accommodate all learning styles.
References Cherry, Kendra. Background and Key Concepts of Piaget'sTheory Stages of Cognitive Development. http:// psychology.about.com/od/piagetstheory/a/ keyconcepts.htm Snowman, Jack. (2010). Psychology applied to teaching. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zY4etXWYS84http://www.mindtools.com/mnemlsty.html