PERSONALITY = • SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL • SOCIALIZATION = • PROCESSTHROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY
NATURE vs. NURTURE • WHAT HAS MORE INFLUENCE….HEREDITY OR ENVIRONMENT??? • SOCIOLOGISTS FOCUS MORE ON NURTURE
NATURE • SOCIOLOGISTS DO RECOGNIZE THE ROLE OF HEREDITY THROUGH…. • APTITUDE = POTENTIAL • INSTINCT = BIOLOGICALLY PRE=PROGRAMMED BEHAVIOR PATTERN
Personality Development • How could each of these factors affect personality? • Parental characteristics • Cultural Environment: Society • Heredity - (sociobiologists) • Birth Order
Influences on Personality • Parental Characteristics • Young vs. older parents • Education • Religious Background • Economic status • Occupation
Influences on Personality • Cultural Environment • Example: • US = competitive, assertive, individuals • Japan = cooperative, passive, group • Sex differences • Girls = pink & dolls vs. Boys = blue & soldiers • Ethnic backgrounds
Birth Order • Position born in family • Birth order is another attempt to gain insight into the development of personality
Which of the following lists of personality traits best fits you or your characters?
A. perfectionistic, reliable, conscientious, list maker, well organized, critical, serious, scholarly B. mediator, fewest pictures in the family photo album, avoids conflict, independent, extreme loyalty to the peer group, many friends, a maverick C. manipulative, charming, blames others, shows off, people person, good salesperson, precocious, engaging
If you picked… • A= first born • B = a middle child (second born of three or possibly third born of four children). • C =the baby of the family
Identify whether or not the following behaviors are learned, or instinct: • Speaking • Walking • Crying when sad • Smiling when happy • Yelling when angry
WHAT IMPACT WOULD THERE BE ON A CHILD WHO WAS ISOLATED FROM BIRTH….OR IN OTHER WORDS….NEVER BEEN SOCIALIZED???