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SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT. CH 5. PERSONALITY = SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL SOCIALIZATION = PROCESS THROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY.

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Socialization personality development

  • PERSONALITY =

    • SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL

  • SOCIALIZATION =

    • PROCESSTHROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY


Nature vs nurture
NATURE vs. NURTURE

  • WHAT HAS MORE INFLUENCE….HEREDITY OR ENVIRONMENT???

  • SOCIOLOGISTS FOCUS MORE ON NURTURE


Nature
NATURE

  • SOCIOLOGISTS DO RECOGNIZE THE ROLE OF HEREDITY THROUGH….

    • APTITUDE = POTENTIAL

    • INSTINCT = BIOLOGICALLY PRE=PROGRAMMED BEHAVIOR PATTERN


Personality development
Personality Development

  • How could each of these factors affect personality?

    • Parental characteristics

    • Cultural Environment: Society

    • Heredity - (sociobiologists)

    • Birth Order


Influences on personality
Influences on Personality

  • Parental Characteristics

    • Young vs. older parents

    • Education

    • Religious Background

    • Economic status

    • Occupation


Influences on personality1
Influences on Personality

  • Cultural Environment

    • Example:

      • US = competitive, assertive, individuals

      • Japan = cooperative, passive, group

  • Sex differences

    • Girls = pink & dolls vs. Boys = blue & soldiers

  • Ethnic backgrounds


Birth order
Birth Order

  • Position born in family

  • Birth order is another attempt to gain insight into the development of personality



Socialization personality development

A. you or your characters? perfectionistic, reliable, conscientious, list maker, well organized, critical, serious, scholarly B. mediator, fewest pictures in the family photo album, avoids conflict, independent, extreme loyalty to the peer group, many friends, a maverick C. manipulative, charming, blames others, shows off, people person, good salesperson, precocious, engaging


Socialization personality development

If you picked… you or your characters?

  • A= first born

  • B = a middle child (second born of three or possibly third born of four children).

  • C =the baby of the family


Socialization personality development


Socialization personality development

WHAT IMPACT WOULD THERE BE ON A CHILD WHO WAS ISOLATED FROM BIRTH….OR IN OTHER WORDS….NEVER BEEN SOCIALIZED???