SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

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SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
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SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

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  1. SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT CH 5

  2. PERSONALITY = • SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL • SOCIALIZATION = • PROCESSTHROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY

  3. NATURE vs. NURTURE • WHAT HAS MORE INFLUENCE….HEREDITY OR ENVIRONMENT??? • SOCIOLOGISTS FOCUS MORE ON NURTURE

  4. NATURE • SOCIOLOGISTS DO RECOGNIZE THE ROLE OF HEREDITY THROUGH…. • APTITUDE = POTENTIAL • INSTINCT = BIOLOGICALLY PRE=PROGRAMMED BEHAVIOR PATTERN

  5. Personality Development • How could each of these factors affect personality? • Parental characteristics • Cultural Environment: Society • Heredity - (sociobiologists) • Birth Order

  6. Influences on Personality • Parental Characteristics • Young vs. older parents • Education • Religious Background • Economic status • Occupation

  7. Influences on Personality • Cultural Environment • Example: • US = competitive, assertive, individuals • Japan = cooperative, passive, group • Sex differences • Girls = pink & dolls vs. Boys = blue & soldiers • Ethnic backgrounds

  8. Birth Order • Position born in family • Birth order is another attempt to gain insight into the development of personality

  9. Which of the following lists of personality traits best fits you or your characters?

  10. A. perfectionistic, reliable, conscientious, list maker, well organized, critical, serious, scholarly B. mediator, fewest pictures in the family photo album, avoids conflict, independent, extreme loyalty to the peer group, many friends, a maverick C. manipulative, charming, blames others, shows off, people person, good salesperson, precocious, engaging

  11. If you picked… • A= first born • B = a middle child (second born of three or possibly third born of four children). • C =the baby of the family

  12. Identify whether or not the following behaviors are learned, or instinct: • Speaking • Walking • Crying when sad • Smiling when happy • Yelling when angry

  13. WHAT IMPACT WOULD THERE BE ON A CHILD WHO WAS ISOLATED FROM BIRTH….OR IN OTHER WORDS….NEVER BEEN SOCIALIZED???