Section 1: The Federal Court System Chapter 8: The Federal Courts and the Judicial Branch
The Federal Court System Main Idea The Framers created an independent judicial branch as part of the separation of powers of the national government. At the federal level, the judicial branch consists of three tiers of courts, each performing a different function.
The Federal Court System • Focus Questions • How is jurisdiction determined in the American court system? • How is the federal court system structured? • How are federal judges appointed? • What is the judicial branch’s role in the system of checks and balances?