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The Farmers Take Their Stand. Lyman Frank Baum-The Wonderful Wizard of OZ 1880’s 1890s Farmers Struggle—weather/debt/laws/RR/Price Fixing The Greenback Movement National Grange of Patrons of Husbandry aka The Grange. Farmers Responses. 1877 Granger Movement

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the farmers take their stand

The Farmers Take Their Stand

Lyman Frank Baum-The Wonderful Wizard of OZ

1880’s 1890s Farmers Struggle—weather/debt/laws/RR/Price Fixing

The Greenback Movement

National Grange of Patrons of Husbandry aka

The Grange

farmers responses
Farmers Responses
  • 1877 Granger Movement
  • Goals: coin more silver/monitor interest rates/high RR rates.
  • Granger Laws---4 states passed these laws

1. Max. RR rates

2. Max. Grain Rates

3. State RR Commissions

-Constitutional?

Munn v. Illinois 1877-Interstate Commerce Act 1886

grangers became farmers alliances
Grangers became Farmers Alliances
  • They tried several ideas to gain power by working in huge numbers
  • Bulking=price fixing
  • By1890 all of the Alliances formed:

National Farmers Alliance

Goals: Increased silver coinage

Printing of more paper money

No Private Banks

New Federal Banking System

Graduated Income Tax

Government Ownership of Public Transportation

Direct Election of Senators

No land ownership by foreigners

Immigration Restrictions

8 Hour Work Day

Lower Tariff

grangers to populist
Grangers to Populist
  • The Grangers were quite radical, however they did get much of their program adopted---in due time!----(Progressive Movt.)
  • Their problems were 2 fold: their program was aimed to land owners and to white farmers, thus excluding blacks and city dwellers.
  • Populist or People’s Movement
p opulist
Populist
  • Populist were led by Ignatius Donnelly and Mary Elizabeth Lease---they would combine the new People’s Party (Populist Party)
  • Populist attempted to unite discontented Farmers and attempted to improve their economic conditions by purposing the following: Increase the money supply
  • with free and unlimited silver and gold at the legal ratio of 16 to 1.
  • Using the Interstate Commerce Act 1877 to regulate RR and prevent discrimination against small customers
  • Organize cooperative marketing societies
  • Support the candidacy of William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 Election
p opulist1
Populist
  • Populist were led by Ignatius Donnelly and Mary Elizabeth Lease---they would combine the new People’s Party (Populist Party)
  • Populist attempted to unite discontented Farmers and attempted to improve their economic conditions by purposing the following: Increase the money supply
  • with free and unlimited silver and gold at the legal ratio of 16 to 1.
  • Using the Interstate Commerce Act 1877 to regulate RR and prevent discrimination against small customers
  • Organize cooperative marketing societies
  • Support the candidacy of William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 Election
reasons why the populist failed
Reasons why the Populist Failed
  • Western and Southern Farmers disagreed on politics
  • Racism
  • Higher Agriculture prices due to immigration
  • The Democratic Party took on many of the Populist program
  • William Jennings Bryan lost in 1896.
us expansionis m
US Expansionism
  • American Imperialism
  • 19th Century Americans---special mission

John Winthrop “city on a hill”

  • Monroe Doctrine 1823: Spanish colonies in South and central America began to assert their independence from Spain---President Monroe warned Europeans to stay out of the Western Hemisphere
  • In a world that was evil, Americans believed they/we stood out for a transforming good
  • Americans have rarely been content to be models for other societies to emulate, however.
  • This requires patience and passivity, two qualities not prevalent in Americans.
  • Instead, we often have forcefully imposed our ideas and institutions on others.
  • We mean well, but…………………………………………………..
early expansionism
Early Expansionism
  • A consistent expression of continental expansionism marked the first century of American Independence:
  • Jefferson’s purchase of Louisiana
  • Desires for Florida and Canada
  • The Mexican War/Manifest Destiny
  • Pushing the Native-American Indians from one coast to the other
  • Seward’s Purchase of Alaska—Seward always had a vision of a “greater America”…not much came of it immediately (Alaska and the Midway Islands)
imperialism
Imperialism
  • The idea of Imperialism was abhorrent to most Americans.
  • Not only because of high ideals, but often of racism: some saw peoples of color as barbarians and heathens
  • Little motivation to reach out and become embroiled with foreign nations
  • Most Americans did not concern themselves with Foreign policy………
changing attitudes two important books
Changing AttitudesTwo Important books
  • Josiah Strong Our Country---1885
  • Spoke of a Sense of Mission---a clip!
  • It was to spread Christianity to heathen

peoples.

  • Appealed strongly to middle-class Protestants.
  • Alfred Thayer Mahan The Influence of Sea Power upon History---1890
the influence of sea power upon history
The Influence of Sea Power upon History

1890

Alfred Thayer Mahan

Naval officer and historian

Naval War College

Darwinian Struggle

Huge influence on other military leaders

“Foreign Policy Elite”

T. Roosevelt, Henry Cabot Lodge, and Elihu Root

Coaling Stations

foreign policy expansionism
Foreign Policy/Expansionism?
  • The “Foreign Policy Elite”--- a group of Eastern Republicans ( TR, Lodge, Root) feared that we were being left behind while England, France and Germany, etc. built overseas empires—if we did not continue to grow, we might wither and die.
  • Also, Sen. Albert Beveridge of Indiana argued for both markets and coaling stations
  • Quote…….
  • And despite the depression of the 1890s US output was growing. We led the world in production of farm machinery……….
expansion
Expansion
  • From 1866 to 1900 US Exports tripled
  • Manufactures and politicians had their appetites whetted---wanted new markets….that led to a new spirit of competitiveness and feistiness!!!
  • Hawaii, Venezuela, and Cuba and SPAM War next week!