Physical Geology. Exploring Our Wonderful World Learning the materials that comprise our planet (and others) Investigating the processes that transform these earth materials and the environments of change Discovering how to read the earth and the history stored in the rocks.
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Dr. James M. Martin-Hayden
Aquifer of sedimentary rock
IntroductionA. Dr. Jamie Martin-Hayden
Geology forms the basis of our great civilizations
Tigris River, Iraq
e.g.,Oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, silicon, hydroelectric (dams), hydrothermal (Earth’s heat)
See Page 6
(Geology in the News)
San Andreas Fault
“Major Quake Likely to Strike San Francisco Bay Region Between 2003 and 2032”
Volcanoes (pg. 108)
Floods (see pgs., 284)
Landslides (see pg. 250)
Slope Failure Risk Assessment and Control
To prevent slope failure engineers must understand the geology that forms and controls the slope
Committee member John Burland, an engineer, promoted soil extraction as the best way to save the tower.
Engineers use knowledge of geology to design, protect and correct structures
Geologists lead the mission
“Robot geologist” explores Mars
Steve Squyres says that, even though the MER's work will have just begun, he'll feel like celebrating the moment he's got "six wheels in the dirt."
Guided by MER specialists back on Earth, each rover will travel dozens of yards a day while investigating sites of interest.
5 miles deep
15 miles high
H.C. Berann (1915-1999)
Yosemite National Park, 1987
Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902) Merced River, Yosemite Valley 1866, Metropolitan Museum of Art “The Hudson River School”
19th Century Japanese
Paul Cezanne (1839-1906)
Mont Sainte Victoire, 1900
ALBERT BIERSTADT (1830-1902)The Oregon Trail, 1869
Buttler Institute of