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Fostering Dialogue and Active Participation in the University Classroom. Dr. Sarah Twomey Curriculum Studies, College of Education, University of Hawaii. Outline of Talk. Introductions Rationale Barriers/Challenges to Dialogue Questions/Discussion. Rationale.

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fostering dialogue and active participation in the university classroom

Fostering Dialogue and Active Participation in the University Classroom

Dr. Sarah Twomey

Curriculum Studies,

College of Education, University of Hawaii

outline of talk
Outline of Talk
  • Introductions
  • Rationale
  • Barriers/Challenges to Dialogue
  • Questions/Discussion
rationale
Rationale
  • Education as a social process that allows free dialogue and sharing of experience as a cornerstone of democracy. (Dewey, 1916)

“Such a society must have a type of education which gives individuals a personal interest in social relationships and control, and the habits of mind which secure social changes without introducing disorder.”

critical pedagogy
Critical Pedagogy
  • Student as “silent observer”
  • “Banking” concept of education
  • “Education thus becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor. Instead of communicating, the teacher issues communiques and makes deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize, and repeat. This is the "banking' concept of education, in which the scope of action allowed to the students extends only as far as receiving, filing, and storing the deposits.” (Freire, 1993)
learning through dialogue
Learning Through Dialogue
  • “Knowledge emerges only through invention and re-invention, through the restless, impatient continuing, hopeful inquiry human beings pursue in the world, with the world, and with each other.” (Freire, 1993)
feminist pedagogy
Feminist Pedagogy
  • “We are all subjects in history. We must return ourselves to a state of embodiment in order to deconstruct the way power has been traditionally orchestrated in the classroom, denying subjectivity to some groups and according it to others.” (hooks, 1994)
instructor role
Instructor Role
  • How to establish classroom settings where silenced voices can be heard into speech by people committed to serious listening? (Palmer, 1990)
make connections
Make Connections
  • Structuring ways for students to get to know each other.
    • Interviews
    • Name origins
    • Pair and Share
    • Partner journals
    • Reader responses
group assignments
Group Assignments
  • Build this into your curriculum
  • Make it part of your grading system
    • DQ
    • Inquiry Projects
facilitating community
Facilitating ‘Community’
  • Setting Expectations
  • Providing Opportunities for Leadership
  • Knowing your Students
  • Differentiating your instruction
knowing your students
Knowing Your Students
  • Recognizing cultural differences.
  • Giving students choice.
  • Modifying yourself.
  • Providing rehearsal strategies for participation:
      • Free writes
      • Reader response column
challenges
Challenges
  • Cultural, social, and linguistic differences.
  • Finding a comfortable authority.
  • Dominant voices.
  • Silence.
slide14
What makes a person a political being, is their faculty of action; it enables one to get together with peers, to act in concert, and to reach out for goals and enterprises that would never enter one’s mind, let alone the desires of the heart. (Hannah Arendt, 1960)
slide15
As a classroom community, our capacity to generate excitement is deeply affected by our interest in one another, in hearing one another’s voices, in recognizing one another’s presence. bell hooks (1994)
slide16
Listening is one way of finding how to get to the new place where we can all live and speak to each other for more than a fragile moment. Minnie Bruce Pratt (1984)