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National Business Aircraft Association
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  1. National Business AircraftAssociation Friends and Partners in AviationWeather November 3,2016

  2. The Challenge of SurfaceConditions • AST: A New Solution to a Global AviationProblem • Benefits and Business Value to Airports andOperators 2

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  4. Runway excursions are among the most-frequently reportedaccidents • Do not often result in casualties, but still considered a threat to aviationsafety • Runway closures due to surfaceconditions • Airports can close runways at inopportunetimes • Substantive impacts on airline schedules, operations, costs (fuel and crew), customer satisfaction,etc. • Payload and performance decrement decisions based on inaccuratedata • Assumptions can be made that are too conservative 4

  5. Current means of measuring surface conditions can be inaccurate & misleading • Subjective – notobjective • Variable – notdata-based • Pilots do a great job, yet PIREPS are inherently subjective assessments and can lead to unnecessary runway closures and operationalimpacts • Conventional, outdated ground device measurements don’t correlate to airplane braking capability or other grounddevices • Requires closure of runway tomeasure • Maintaining FICONs are aconcern • METAR information quickly gets stale during winterconditions 4

  6. TALPA ARC recommendations have been incorporated intomandates • Runway Condition Assessment Matrix(RCAM) • Based on human measurements of contaminant coverage, type anddepth • This process carries it’s own unique riskassessments • FICON reporting requirements are potentiallyburdensome • Once the first PIREP is received, runway assessments then revert to pilots’ subjectivereporting • Airports are concerned about their ability to meet FAA’s newrequirements • Can the NOTAM system keepup? • What are adverse impacts and unintendedconsequences? 4

  7. Pilots: • Directional control operating thousands of pounds of machinery inslippery conditions • Vital to know surface conditions and weather accurately and with timeliness • Airports: • Newprocedures • Effect of shifting responsibilities and liabilities to airports could resultin unexpectedconsequences 4

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  10. Utilizes landing aircraft as real-time runway condition measurementdevices • AST uses real-time data – downloaded directly from aircraft – to run landing simulations and measure “Experienced Friction” as a function of the actual brakingapplied • Measured range is from zero to the Friction Limit (an aircraft calling for more deceleration without deceleration beingdelivered) • Reports presented in new TALPA nomenclature – Good, Good to Medium, Medium, Medium to Poor, Poor,Nil • Replaces subjective assessment with objectivemeasurement

  11. Data intoInformation • Empirical measurements of surfaceconditions • Real-time • Incontext • Information intoKnowledge • Reports that are understandable andactionable • Shared by both airlines andairports • Knowledge intoImpact • Betterdecision-making • Highersafety • Improvedefficiency • Lower costs – fuel, crew,etc. • Smarter scheduling and flightops

  12. Helps airline carriers conform to FAA’s new real-time surface friction reportingrequirements • Provides safety awareness benefits, reduces risk of runway excursions, and contributes to operationalefficiencies • Technology advances include friction forecasting, take-off performance decrement advisories, improved FICON-NOTAMprocesses • Future enhancements include :90 min. FrictionForecasting • 6 Prototype Airlines / 3 PrototypeAirports • 2.5M+ Landings indB • 1,500 aircraft byQ1/2017

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  14. PIREPS only cover “used” portion of the landingrunway • Roll-out section of take-off runway is not reported, leading to sub-optimal overrun risk during rejectedtake-offs • Low-frequency airports do not have a sufficient number of landings to make high-quality, verifiableassessments • Introduction of new processes: TALPA, SAFO Issued (landing distance assessment, reinforced FICON / NOTAMprocess), • NTSB recommendations toFAA

  15. Utilizes vehicle-mounted mobile infrared spectroscopy sensors to detect contaminants at any point across the entire airportsurface: • Runways, taxiways, ramps –everywhere • Detects and measures all types of contaminants – wet, snow, ice,slush • Measures depth to 1/1000thinch • Measures coverage area, surface, and groundtemperatures • For runways, calculates Runway Condition Code (RCC) automatically for each 1/3 of the entire runwaylength • Provides real time display to airport personnel on anydevice • Formats measurements in an output that enables both manual and automated uploading of FICONreports

  16. Airportdata LandingData reportedthru reportedthru SafeScan SafeLand ASTNetwork CollaborationOpportunities Airplane Operators Airports ATO

  17. AST network links live information from both SafeLand™ (aircraft-based sensors) and SafeScan™ (vehicle-based sensors) for complete surface coverage across entireairport • Allows real-time surface and friction assessments to be sharedamong • all participants (carriers and airports) for optimized situationalawareness • Leverages this real-time information-sharing to help increase safety, reduce liability, and improveefficiency: • Reduces operating costs during inclement weather and when frictionis reduced for otherreasons • Increases runway uptime and provides a way to shift runway closures to more optimaltimes • Reduces the frequency of necessary airport chemical treatments, containing costs and providing environmentalbenefits

  18. Friction Forecasting Automated FICONs Future Offerings andAnalytics Tire/Brake Wear Analytics Expandto ATO Maximum Available Friction Performance Decrement Management

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  20. Enhanced situational awareness using objectivemeasurements enables proactive planning in all operating phases of surface measurement andmanagement • ForAirports • Safety • Aircraft Movement AreaManagement • Accurate Contaminant Measurement • OperationalSA • AST SubscriptionService • For FAA -ATC • BetterMonitoring • BetterPredictability • CommandCenter andTerminal • OperationalSA • AST SubscriptionService For AirplaneOperators • SafetyIncreases • Schedule Reliability Improved • HigherPayloads • OperationalSA Provides flight data to AST in exchange for LandingReports Plus an economic waterfall of benefits through improvedreliability 20

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  22. AST is testing new runway contaminant sensor technology that can uplink runway condition data into SafeLand™ computationalmodels

  23. SafeScan information can define surface characterization for end-of-landing runways, full-length departures runways, turnoffs, taxiways, andramps SafeScan Contaminant Sensor SafeScan Contaminant Sensor

  24. Web-BasedDisplay • Color-coded for contaminatetype • Ramps /Taxiways • Runways • Click-on-display fordetail

  25. UserDisplay

  26. AirportCostSavings: Optimization of chemicaltreatmentand manpowerutilization • CommunityImpact: Community is typically ahugeannual economic engine for theregion • o Example: MSP $28M/daily,$1.2M/hourly